INSTITUTO DE PESQUISAS ENERGÉTICAS E NUCLEARES
Repositório Digital da Produção Técnico Científica

Navegação por Agências de fomento "International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)"

Navegação por Agências de fomento "International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)"

Classificar por: Ordenar: Resultados:

  • IPEN-DOC 26393

    FERREIRA, EDUARDO G.A. ; MARUMO, JULIO T. ; FRANCO, MARGARETH K.K.D. ; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; VICENTE, ROBERTO . 10000 years cement: Can hydrated cement last as much as long-lived radionuclides?. Cement and Concrete Composites, v. 103, p. 339-352, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2019.05.016

    Abstract: This review is focused on the long-term performance of cementitious materials in a repository for radioactive waste. During the last few years, the disposal of disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) in a borehole type repository has been studied by many countries. The borehole concept is particularly useful to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and DSRS. In boreholes for DSRS, cementitious materials are intended to be used as structural material, immobilization matrix and as backfill. The understanding of the performance of these materials is essential to ensure the safety of the facilities during their required lifetime, from centuries to many thousands of years, depending on the initial activity and half-life of the waste. This review approaches the behavior of the cement from the hydration and hardening to the long-term processes that can affect its durability. Three main causes of failure of repository-engineered barriers are recognized: a) the formation of a preferential pathway for the migration of the contained radionuclides to the biosphere; b) loss of resistance and cohesion of the structural cementitious material; and c) the increase in the corrosion processes of the metallic components of the structures that affect the overall containment of the facility.

    Palavras-Chave: cements; cement industry; portland cement; radioactive wastes; geologic formations; underground disposal; performance; chemical composition; mineralogy; radiations; magnetic fields; hydration

  • IPEN-DOC 25206

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . An overview of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using radiation technologies. Nanomaterials, v. 8, n. 11, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/nano8110939

    Abstract: At a nano-level, optical properties of gold are unique and gave birth to an emerging platform of nanogold-based systems for diverse applications, because gold nanoparticle properties are tunable as a function of size and shape. Within the available techniques for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, the radiolytic synthesis allows proper control of the nucleation process without the need for reducing agents, in a single step, combined or not with simultaneous sterilization. This review details and summarizes the use of radiation technologies for the synthesis and preparation of gold nanoparticles concerning fundamental aspects, mechanism, current pathways for synthesis and radiation sources, as well as briefly outlines final applications and some toxicity aspects related to nanogold-based systems.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; gamma radiation; electron beams; x-ray sources; radiolysis; nanotechnology; medicine; diagnostic uses; ionizing radiations

  • IPEN-DOC 27582

    LIMA, CAROLINE S.A. de ; BALOGH, TATIANA S. ; VARCA, JUSTINE P.R.O. ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. ; CAMACHO-CRUZ, LUIS A.; BUCIO, EMILIO; KADLUBOWSKI, SLAWOMIR S.. An updated review of macro, micro, and nanostructured hydrogels for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Pharmaceutics, v. 12, n. 10, p. 1-28, 2020. DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics12100970

    Abstract: Hydrogels are materials with wide applications in several fields, including the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Their properties such as the capacity of absorbing great amounts of aqueous solutions without losing shape and mechanical properties, as well as loading drugs of different nature, including hydrophobic ones and biomolecules, give an idea of their versatility and promising demand. As they have been explored in a great number of studies for years, many routes of synthesis have been developed, especially for chemical/permanent hydrogels. In the same way, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, also known as intelligent materials, have been explored too, enhancing the regulation of properties such as targeting and drug release. By controlling the particle size, hydrogel on the micro- and nanoscale have been studied likewise and have increased, even more, the possibilities for applications of the so-called XXI century materials. In this paper, we aimed to produce an overview of the recent studies concerning methods of synthesis, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications of macro-, micro, and nanogels.

    Palavras-Chave: hydrogels; drugs; synthesis; cross-linking; skin; animal tissues; gamma radiation

  • IPEN-DOC 27621

    COSTA, ROBSON S. ; MOURA, ESPERIDIANA A.B. . A bibliometric analysis of the strategy and performance measurement of the polymer matrix nanomaterials development scenario globally, and the participation of Brazil. In: LI, JIAN (Ed.); ZHANG, MINGMING (Ed.); LI, BOWEN (Ed.); MONTEIRO, SERGIO N. (Ed.); IKHMAYIES, SHADIA (Ed.); KALAY, YUNUS E. (Ed.); HWANG, JIANN-YANG (Ed.); ESCOBEDO-DIAZ, JUAN P. (Ed.); CARPENTER, JOHN S. (Ed.); BROWN, ANDREW D. (Ed.). Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Cham, CZ, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. p. 329-342, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36628-5_31

    Abstract: Extensive studies have been conducted worldwide on the strategy for the development of nanomaterials. One of the known strategies for this has aroused interest in the market is the incorporation of the nanoparticles, extracted from the residues in thematrices of the polymers for the production of environmentally correct nanocomposites. This work presents a survey of the scientific knowledge of nanomaterials of the polymer matrix and a panoramic view of the evolution of these nanomaterials are subject, in order to meet the criteria of sustainable development due to the environmental concerns. This study also intends to use bibliometric tools to database acquisition and analysis of bibliographic reviews for an evaluation of the scenarios in the world on the development of polymeric nanomaterials based on three different classes of polymeric nanocomposites: polymer/clay; polymer/graphene, and polymer/nanocellulose nanocomposites.

  • IPEN-DOC 27852

    AQUINO, S. ; LIMA, J.E.A.; BORRELY, S.I. . Bioburden proliferation in vehicle air filters waste: the use of gamma radiation on fungal decontamination. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-14, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1254

    Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the fungal contamination of air-conditioning filters waste (n=20) as an indicator of Quality Air Indoor from different car models, that were collected from 10 exchange stations located in the South, North, West, Downtown and East, of the city of São Paulo in São Paulo State, Brazil, during the period from October 2017 to November 2018. Sampling of filter particles (33 fragments of 10 × 10-mm size) were plated onto solidified Potato Dextrose agar in Petri dishes. The samples were incubated for 7 days at 25 °C and were stored in a standard Biochemical Oxygen Demand incubator, for growth of fungal cultures. After incubation, the fungal culture in the plates was evaluated, and the total counting of infected fragments was expressed as a percentage. The fungi were examined by Lactophenol blue solution staining for microscopy. All samples were contaminated with various fungal genera, including Aspergillus, Alternaria, Cladosporium, and Penicillium. The study also aimed to evaluate the fungal enumeration in the samples that were irradiated with dose of 10 kGy to fungal decontamination of air-conditioning filters waste. Of total samples, 50% were completed decontaminated, but some genera such as Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Cladosporium and yeasts demonstrated radioresistance at the dose of 10 kGy. The only yeast called Rhodotorula showed an increase in growth after the irradiation process.

    Palavras-Chave: air conditioning; air filters; air quality; automobiles; cobalt 60; contamination; decontamination; fungi; wastes

  • IPEN-DOC 27201

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; CRUZ, CASSIA P.C. da ; CAVALCANTE, ADRIANA K. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; MATHOR, MONICA B. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . Comparison between gold nanoparticles synthesized by radiolysis and by EGCG-driven gold reduction. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 174, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.108959

    Abstract: Radiolytic synthesis and phytochemical-driven gold reduction for the generation of nanoparticles are successful examples of Green Chemistry applied for nanomaterials. The present work compares these two green approaches focusing on hydrodynamic size, stability over time, optical properties and toxicity in NIH 3T3 (ATCC® CRL- 1658™) cells and Danio rerio (Zebra Fish). The radiolytic synthesis was performed by mixing 1 mM NaAuCl4; polyvinyl pyrrolidone 0.5%, AgNO3 6×10−5 M, propan-2-ol 0.2 M and acetone 0.06 M, followed by irradiation at 15 kGy (5 kGy h−1, 60Co source). The EGCG-functionalized nanoparticles were synthesized by mixing 1.6 mM of Au with 0.8 mM of EGCG in phosphate buffer (10 mM) for 2 h. Both methods yield the formation of gold nanoparticles featuring plasmon resonance bands at 520–530 nm, polydispersity above 0.3 was relevant only for the radiolytic protocol. Regarding stability over time, after 30 days, the nanoparticles synthesized radiolytically presented no relevant size changes, while some aggregation was observed for the EGCG-particles. The same nanoparticles demonstrated a lack of stability in high ionic strength medium. Slight toxicity was observed for the EGCG-nanoparticles in Danio rerio, with an IC50 calculated as 40.49%, while no IC50 was established within the concentration range of radiolysis-AuNPs used in this study. In conclusion, both green methods generated nanoparticles with good control of size and optical properties, especially via reduction by EGCG. However, the stability and toxicity results were found to be more promising for the radiolytically synthesized gold nanoparticles.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; synthesis; chemistry; ecology; polyphenols; fishes

  • IPEN-DOC 27622

    SOARES, CARLOS ; SANTANA, JULYANA ; GUVEN, OLGUN; MOURA, ESPERIDIANA A.B. . A comparison between graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide as reinforcement agents in polypropylene nanocomposite using irradiated polypropylene as compatibilizer. In: LI, JIAN (Ed.); ZHANG, MINGMING (Ed.); LI, BOWEN (Ed.); MONTEIRO, SERGIO N. (Ed.); IKHMAYIES, SHADIA (Ed.); KALAY, YUNUS E. (Ed.); HWANG, JIANN-YANG (Ed.); ESCOBEDO-DIAZ, JUAN P. (Ed.); CARPENTER, JOHN S. (Ed.); BROWN, ANDREW D. (Ed.). Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Cham, CZ, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. p. 385-394, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36628-5_36

    Abstract: Graphene is thematerial with the bestmechanical resistance ever encountered. Various types of studies have been carried out on possible applications. The use as a reinforcement in nanocomposites has shown to be a promising field, but some studies indicate that the graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) have better results as reinforcement, due to the functional groups,which allowa better adhesion with the matrix. This study analyzes the production of polypropylene (PP) nanocomposite comparing the use of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) as fillers and irradiated polypropylene as a coupling agent.Atwin-screw extruder and injection molding machine were used to produce the nanocomposite PP reinforced with 0.2 wt% of GO and RGO by melt blending. The GO and RGO were characterized byXRDanalysis.The nanocomposite sampleswere characterized by XRD, SEM, TG, DSC and mechanical test.

  • IPEN-DOC 27887

    PRIMO, C.O. ; ANGELOCCI, L.V. ; KARAM JUNIOR, D.; ZEITUNI, C.A. ; ROSTELATO, M.E.C.M. . Dose-rate constant and air-kerma strength evaluation of a new 125I brachytherapy source using Monte-Carlo. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-11, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1441

    Abstract: Brachytherapy is a modality of radiotherapy which treats tumors using ionizing radiation with sources located close to the tumor. The sources can be produced from several radionuclides in various formats, such as Iodine-125 seeds and Iridium-192 wires. In order to produce a new Iodine-125 seed in IPEN/CNEN and ensure its quality, it is essential to describe the seed dosimetry, so when applied in a treatment the lowest possible dose to neighboring healthy tissues can be reached. The report by the AAPM’s Task Group 43 U1 is a document that indicates the dosimetry procedures in brachytherapy based on physical and geometrical parameters. In this study, dose-rate constant and air-kerma strength parameters were simulated using the Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNP4C. The air-kerma strength is obtained from an ideal modeled seed, since its actual value should be measured for seeds individually in a specialized lab with a Wide-Angle Free-Air Chamber (WAFAC). Dose-rate constant and air-kerma strength are parameters that depends on intrinsic characteristics of the source, i.e. geometry, radionuclide, encapsulation, and together they define the dose-rate to the reference point. Radial dose function describes the dose fall-off with distance from the source. This study presents the values found for these parameters with associated statistical uncertainty, and is part of a larger project that aims the full dosimetry of this new seed model, including experimental measures.

    Palavras-Chave: brachytherapy; computerized simulation; dose rates; dosimetry; iodine 125; kerma; monte carlo method

  • IPEN-DOC 26288

    ZDOROVETS, MAXIM; MASHENTSEVA, ANASTASSIYA; ANGNES, LUCIO; JACOVONE, RAYNARA M.S. ; SAKATA, SOLANGE K. . Electrochemical behaviour of track-etched membranes with embedded copper nanotubes. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 2532-2537.

    Abstract: Track-etched membranes (TeMs) are thin polymer films with pores of various geometries made by irradiating on the DC-60 cyclotron and subsequent chemical etching. The objective of this work is to evaluate the electrochemical behavior of track-etched membranes with embedded copper nanotubes (TeMs/CuNT) using Cyclic Voltammetry. TeMs were prepared from 12.0 μm polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film by irradiation with 84Kr+15 on the DC-60 heavy ion accelerator. The irradiated film was etched in a basic solution followed by H2O2/UV system. The characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). For the electroless plating consists of three successive stages: sensitization, activation and directly deposition. The electrochemical studies was performed in two different media KOH and Na2SO4 adding adding 100uL aliquots of nitrate solution using Pt as counter electrode, Ag/AgI as reference and the copper as work electrode. The results showed the potential of TeMs/CuNT as nitrate sensor in sodium sulfate medium.

    Palavras-Chave: copper; electrochemistry; electrolytes; etching; films; gamma radiation; heavy ion accelerators; irradiation; nanotubes; nitrates; scanning electron microscopy; sodium sulfates; water

  • IPEN-DOC 27861

    TAPPIZ, BRUNO ; MOREIRA, EDSON G. . Expanded uncertainty assessment in fish samples analyzed by INAA and AAS. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-14, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1314

    Abstract: Measurement uncertainty was estimated following the EURACHEM guide (Quantifying Uncertainty in Analytical Measurement) for the elements As, Br, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Rb, Sb, Se and Zn determined by In-strumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and for the elements Cd, Hg and Pb determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) in the fillet of the most consumed fish species at São Paulo city, Brazil. INAA expanded uncertainties ranged from 1.0 to 21% and the main contributions were due the counting statistics of sample and pipetted standards. For AAS, expanded uncertainties ranged from 6.5 to 13% and the main contri-butions were associated to the calibration curves. Uncertainty results were compared with the standard devia-tions of the mass fraction in the fishes (n = 10). Due to the wide variability in the mass fraction in the analyzed fish tissues, explained by factors such gender, age, fat content and fishing location of the specimens of each spe-cies, standard deviations were greater than expanded uncertainties, which means that the natural variability of the elements determined is greater than the data dispersion associated with the analytical techniques. Hence the used techniques were adequate for the fish fillet samples analyses.

    Palavras-Chave: absorption spectroscopy; data covariances; evaluation; fishes; neutron activation analysis; toxicity

  • IPEN-DOC 27626

    SANTOS, BIANCA S. ; INACIO, ANDRE L.N. ; BARTOLOMEI, SUELLEN S. ; SILVA, TAISE B.S. ; CARMO, KARINA L.S. ; OLIVEIRA, RENE R. ; MOURA, ESPERIDIANA A.B. . Influence of the reduced graphene oxide incorporation on properties of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). In: LI, JIAN (Ed.); ZHANG, MINGMING (Ed.); LI, BOWEN (Ed.); MONTEIRO, SERGIO N. (Ed.); IKHMAYIES, SHADIA (Ed.); KALAY, YUNUS E. (Ed.); HWANG, JIANN-YANG (Ed.); ESCOBEDO-DIAZ, JUAN P. (Ed.); CARPENTER, JOHN S. (Ed.); BROWN, ANDREW D. (Ed.). Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Cham, CZ, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. p. 599-607, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36628-5_59

    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of incorporation of the reduced graphene oxide on properties of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS). The incorporation of 0.5 and 1.5 wt% of RGO into ABS matrix was carried out by melting extrusion process using a twin-screw extruder and injection molding machine. The properties of ABS/RGO nanocomposite samples were investigated by tensile and impact Izod tests, FE-SEM, and XRD analysis. The results showed that the incorporation of small amount of RGO into ABS matrix led to obtaining of polymeric nanocomposite with superior mechanical properties when compared with original properties of ABS matrix.

  • IPEN-DOC 27628

    BARTOLOMEI, MARCIO R.X. ; CARMO, KARINA H.S. ; SANTOS, BIANCA S. ; BARTOLOMEI, SUELLEN S. ; OLIVEIRA, RENE R. ; MOURA, ESPERIDIANA A.B. . Investigation on mechanical and thermal behaviours of PBAT/PLA blend reinforced with reduced graphene oxide nanosheets. In: LI, JIAN (Ed.); ZHANG, MINGMING (Ed.); LI, BOWEN (Ed.); MONTEIRO, SERGIO N. (Ed.); IKHMAYIES, SHADIA (Ed.); KALAY, YUNUS E. (Ed.); HWANG, JIANN-YANG (Ed.); ESCOBEDO-DIAZ, JUAN P. (Ed.); CARPENTER, JOHN S. (Ed.); BROWN, ANDREW D. (Ed.). Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Cham, CZ, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. p. 631-639, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36628-5_62

    Abstract: The aim of this study was to process and investigate the changes in the mechanical and morphological properties of the biodegradable nanocomposites based on polybutylene adipate-co-terephthalate (PBAT)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) blend (PBAT/PLA blend) due to the incorporation of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets. The biodegradable polymeric nanocomposites were prepared by melting extrusion process using a twin-screw extruder machine. The influence of the RGO nanosheets incorporation on mechanical and thermal properties of PBAT/PLA blend was investigated by tensile Thermogravimetric (TG), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and tensile test analysis. Results showed that incorporation of the small amount ofRGO(0.1wt.%) ofRGOnanosheets in the blend matrix of PBAT/PLA resulted in an important gain of mechanical properties of the blend. This result indicates that a very small amount of RGO nanosheets addition in the PBAT/PLA can lead to obtaining materials with superior properties suitable for several industrial applications.

  • IPEN-DOC 26156

    TAPPIZ, BRUNO ; MOREIRA, EDSON G. . Measurement uncertainty evaluation in fish samples analyzed by INAA and AAS. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 521-528.

    Abstract: Measurement uncertainty was estimated following the EURACHEM guide (Quantifying Uncertainty in Analytical Measurement) for the elements As, Br, Cl, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Rb, Sb, Se and Zn determined by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and for the elements Cd, Hg and Pb determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) in the fillet of the most consumed fish species at São Paulo city, Brazil. INAA expanded uncertainties ranged from 1.0 to 21% and the main contributions were due the counting statistics of sample and pipetted standards. For AAS, expanded uncertainties ranged from 6.5 to 13% and the main contributions were associated to the calibration curves. Uncertainty results were compared with the standard deviations of the mass fraction in the fishes (n = 10). Due to the wide variability in the mass fraction in the analyzed fish tissues, explained by factors such gender, age, fat content and fishing location of the specimens of each specie, standard deviations were greater than expanded uncertainties, which means that the natural variability of the elements determined is greater than the data dispersion associate

    Palavras-Chave: absorption spectroscopy; brazil; data covariances; elements; evaluation; fishes; neutron activation analysis; toxicity

  • IPEN-DOC 27629

    TAMURA, CAROLINE S. ; ARANTES, MARIANA ; CARMO, KARINA H.S. ; SANTOS, BIANCA S. ; OLIVEIRA, RENE R. ; MOURA, ESPERIDIANA A.B. . Mechanical and morphological properties of hybrid composites based on recycled LDPE/EVA blend reinforced with clay and babassu fiber residues. In: LI, JIAN (Ed.); ZHANG, MINGMING (Ed.); LI, BOWEN (Ed.); MONTEIRO, SERGIO N. (Ed.); IKHMAYIES, SHADIA (Ed.); KALAY, YUNUS E. (Ed.); HWANG, JIANN-YANG (Ed.); ESCOBEDO-DIAZ, JUAN P. (Ed.); CARPENTER, JOHN S. (Ed.); BROWN, ANDREW D. (Ed.). Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials. Cham, CZ, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020. p. 661-669, (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36628-5_65

    Abstract: Over the years the consumption of plastic products made of conventional polymers has produced a large amount of waste which has led to disposal problems worldwide. Among the alternatives to minimize these problems are reuse and recycling practices. Then, the recycling of plastic and the use of recycled materials to produce new materials reinforced with nanoparticles from natural resources can be an alternative to reduce inappropriate waste disposal. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the addition of clay and non-treated babassu fiber residues on the mechanical and morphological properties of composite based on recycled LDPE/EVA blend. Composite materials containing 1–3 wt% of babassu residues and 1 wt% of clay were prepared using a twin-screw extruder machine and flat die single extrusion process, in order to prepare hybrid composites sheets. The sheets prepared by recycled LDPE/EVA blend and its composites were characterized by tensile tests, XRD, and FE-SEM analysis and the correlation between properties was discussed.

  • IPEN-DOC 27771

    ANGELOCCI, LUCAS V. ; SOUZA, CARLA D. de ; PANTELIS, EVAGGELOS; NOGUEIRA, BEATRIZ R. ; ZEITUNI, CARLOS A. ; ROSTELATO, MARIA E.C.M. . Monte Carlo simulation to assess free space and end-weld thickness variation effects on dose rate for a new Ir-192 brachytherapy source. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, v. 173, p. 1-6, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2021.109709

    Abstract: A new Iridium-192 seed for brachytherapy is under development. Specific dose rate contribution by two different factors were evaluated: the effect from movement of the core in the free space within the seed and the effect of the end-weld thickness variation. Both were investigated through use of the Monte Carlo radiation transport code MCNP6 and an in-house routine programmed with MATLAB. Differences greater than 15% compared to results from the nominal seed were found near the source, indicating a significant dose variation.

    Palavras-Chave: calculation methods; monte carlo method; brachytherapy; iridium 192; seeds; dosimetry; source terms; dose rates

  • IPEN-DOC 27816

    AQUINO, SIMONE ; LIMA, JOSE E.A. de; REIS, TATIANA A. dos; CORREA, BENEDITO; BORRELY, SUELI I. . Mycoflora and DNA sequencing analysis of radioresistant fungi isolated from irradiated vehicular air conditioning filters collected in São Paulo, Brazil. Microbiology Research International, v. 9, n. 1, p. 1-15, 2021. DOI: 10.30918/MRI.91.21.011

    Abstract: Fungal bioburdens in filters from car air conditioning systems represent a potential risk of respiratory or pulmonary diseases to both passengers and drivers. The present study demonstrated high fungal contamination in air conditioning filters collected from fifty-seven vehicles from the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The filters samples were irradiated with 10, 15 and 20 kGy gamma ray doses with a cobalt-60 source. The presence of Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium glabrum and Fusarium incarnatum-equiseti remaining after the ionizing treatment with 10 and 15 kGy. The radioresistant pathogenic species was confirmed through genetic sequencing of the ITS, β-tubulin and calmodulin gene rDNA regions. The 20 kGy dose was efficient in inhibiting pathogenic fungi growth in all samples but promoted the fungal decontamination in 79% of the samples. These results and other efforts will enable ionizing radiation to become an important tool in contributing to the recycling of automotive vehicle air filters and in ensuring indoor air quality for both drivers and passengers.

    Palavras-Chave: ionizing radiations; air quality; indoor air pollution; vehicles; air conditioning; fungal diseases; air filters; air cleaning systems

  • IPEN-DOC 25801

    TAPPIZ, B. ; MOREIRA, E.G. . Neutron activation analysis characterization procedures for fish consumed at São Paulo city. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 7, n. 2A, p. 1-9, 2019. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v7i2A.710

    Abstract: The characterization of edible tissues of fishes consumed by humans is very important for determination of sev-eral toxic and potentially toxic elements, ensuring the food safety. The Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) comparative method allows the determination of several of these elements, as well as others, for example of nutritional character. This study is part of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) technical coopera-tion project of Latin America and Caribbean countries to ensure the quality of food and biomonitoring of con-taminants in shellfish and fishes. Ten specimens of 4 of the most consumed fish in São Paulo city: whitemouth croaker (Micropogonias Furnieri), smooth weakfish (Cynoscion learchus), common snook (Centropomus undeci-malis) and Brazilian sardine (Sardinella brasiliensis) were analyzed. Complete procedures for analysis, which includes purchase in the largest warehouse in Latin America, transport to the laboratory, storage, freeze-drying, milling, weighting and others preparations of the subsamples, and the short irradiation parameters for the de-termination of Br, Cl, K, Mg, Mn and Na are reported. Results obtained under the same irradiation conditions for reference materials (oyster and mussel tissues) for macro and microelements are presented and are in agreement with their certificates, which indicate that the performed analyses were appropriate. Regarding to the mass fraction values obtained for the fish samples, they were in agreement with the literature.

    Palavras-Chave: neutron activation analysis; fishes; brazil; contamination; gamma spectroscopy; quality assurance; quality management; high-purity ge detectors; radioisotopes; food; quality control

  • IPEN-DOC 27362

    SOUZA, CARLA D. de ; ZEITUNI, CARLOS A. ; FEHER, ANSELMO ; MOURA, JOÃO A. ; COSTA, OSVALDO L. da ; ANGELOCCI, LUCAS V. ; ROSTELATO, MARIA E.C.M. . New core configuration for the fabrication of 125I radioactive sources for cancer treatment. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, v. 165, p. 1-8, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2020.109307

    Abstract: In order to provide prostate brachytherapy treatment for more Brazilian men, IPEN is building a laboratory for the manufacture of radioactive sources. The new methodology for the production of iodine-125 seeds with yield 71.7% ± 5.3%. Points of importance were evaluated/discussed: photo-sensibility, reaction vial type, the substitution for iodine-131, pH, and solution volume. The surface was analyzed by FTIR and EDS. At the end, a Monte Carlo-MCNP6 simulation was performed to evaluate the TG-43 parameters.

    Palavras-Chave: radiation sources; iodine 125; brachytherapy; radiation chemistry; monte carlo method; neoplasms; tumor cells; prostate; iodination

  • IPEN-DOC 27854

    SOUZA, C.D. de ; ZEITUNI, C.A. ; ARCOS ROSERO, W.A. ; NOGUEIRA, B.R. ; ROSTELATO, M.E.C.M. . New gold-198 nanoparticle synthesis to be used in cancer treatment. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-18, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1260

    Abstract: Gold nanoparticles (NPs) have been intriguing scientists for over 100 years. Recently, they have been studied for new applications such as cancer treatment. Although the synthesis of gold nanoparticles is extensively reported, in the majority of cases the methodology is confused and/or not clear. We describe a new synthesis methodology for radioactive gold‐198 NPs. Gold-198 was activated in IPEN IEA-01 nuclear reactor. After that, chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) was formed by dissolving the radioactive gold with aqua regia and performing repeated heating cycles. 0.1 mM HAuCl4 containing 100 μL of 1 M NaOH was prepared in a flask equipped with a reflux condenser. The solution was brought to boil and stirred with a PTFE‐coated magnetic stir‐bar. Then 5 mL of sodium citrate was rapidly added. The reaction turns from light yellow to clear, black, dark purple until the solution attained a wine‐red color (2–3 min). Dynamic light scattering (DLS) confirmed 8 nm particles. The presence of gold‐198 (197.968 g/mol; half‐life: 2.69517; decay mode: β‐; average energy: 1.3723 MeV) was confirmed by an ORTEC HPGe detector. DLS was performed after complete decay confirming the 8 nm diameter maintenance. TEM analysis of the same solution yielded particles with 11 nm. We were able to achieve radioactive gold‐198 NPs and are performing further studies such as: coating reactions, in‐vitro and in‐vivo studies.

    Palavras-Chave: atomic force microscopy; brachytherapy; decay; gold 198; high-purity ge detectors; light scattering; nanoparticles; neoplasms; neutron flux; radiochemistry; sodium compounds; synthesis; ultraviolet radiation

  • IPEN-DOC 24774

    PEREIRA, MARCO A.S. ; PUGLIESI, REYNALDO . Penetration of the consolidant Paraloid (R) B-72 in Macuxi indigenous ceramic vessels investigated by neutron tomography. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, A, v. 889, p. 118-121, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2018.02.034

    Abstract: The neutron tomography technique was applied in studying the penetration of the consolidant Paraloid (R) B-72 in contemporary indigenous ceramic vessels. The study was carried out for two distinct and controlled air humidity conditions, 40% and 90%, in which the vessels were exposed, before the consolidant application. The obtained images have proved that the penetration of Paraloid (R) B-72 in the ceramic does not depend on the humidity condition in which it was applied, moreover allowed a macro-visualization of the consolidant penetration in the ceramic vessel. As the vessels used in the present work were manufactured by an indigenous artisan, Macuxi, according to the same procedures and raw materials used by the ancient artisans, the results obtained can be used as a guide to assist experts, both in the study of archeological objects of Macuxi origin, as well as other objects that had been made by other tribes that lived in the same Amazon region, in Brazil.

    Palavras-Chave: neutrons; tomography; ceramics; biological recovery; cultural objects; humidity control; resins; indigenous peoples; brazil

A pesquisa no RD utiliza os recursos de busca da maioria das bases de dados. No entanto algumas dicas podem auxiliar para obter um resultado mais pertinente.

É possível efetuar a busca de um autor ou um termo em todo o RD, por meio do Buscar no Repositório , isto é, o termo solicitado será localizado em qualquer campo do RD. No entanto esse tipo de pesquisa não é recomendada a não ser que se deseje um resultado amplo e generalizado.

A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.

Exemplo:

Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, bibl@ipen.br .

Ao efetuar a busca por um autor o RD apresentará uma relação de todos os trabalhos depositados no RD. No lado direito da tela são apresentados os coautores com o número de trabalhos produzidos em conjunto bem como os assuntos abordados e os respectivos anos de publicação agrupados.

O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).

ATENÇÃO!

ESTE TEXTO "AJUDA" ESTÁ SUJEITO A ATUALIZAÇÕES CONSTANTES, A MEDIDA QUE NOVAS FUNCIONALIDADES E RECURSOS DE BUSCA FOREM SENDO DESENVOLVIDOS PELAS EQUIPES DA BIBLIOTECA E DA INFORMÁTICA.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.


2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.

O Repositório Digital do IPEN é um equipamento institucional de acesso aberto, criado com o objetivo de reunir, preservar, disponibilizar e conferir maior visibilidade à Produção Científica publicada pelo Instituto, desde sua criação em 1956.

Operando, inicialmente como uma base de dados referencial o Repositório foi disponibilizado na atual plataforma, em junho de 2015. No Repositório está disponível o acesso ao conteúdo digital de artigos de periódicos, eventos, nacionais e internacionais, livros, capítulos, dissertações, teses e relatórios técnicos.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.