Navegação por Autores IPEN "ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B."

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  • IPEN-DOC 27993

    ZANINI, NATHALIA ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; CASTRO, PEDRO ; ANA, PATRICIA da; ZEZELL, DENISE . Analysis of ceramic laminates removal with Er,Cr:YSGG laser by optical coherence tomography. Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery, v. 37, n. 10, p. A22-A22, 2019. DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.29013.abstracts

    Abstract: Porcelain laminated veneers have been widely used. For wear of hard tissue such as enamel and dentin, the diamond rotary instrument is the most traditional, but the laser has become recently used to remove aesthetic facets. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) used as an optical biopsy, is important for morphological analysis and attenuation coefficient is related to the property of the photons to be scattered by the samples. After approval by the Ethics Committee, the present study investigated the detachment of 30 ceramic E-max fragments cemented in human dental enamel of dimensions 3mm x 3mm x 0.7mm with 3 types of resin cements, RelxY Veneer, Relx U200 and Variolink Veneer. The samples (Enamel + Ceramic Fragment) were randomly distributed in the 3 groups and cemented according to the manufacturer. After that, they were prepared for irradiation with the Er,Cr: YSSG laser under predetermined conditions (3.5 and 3W, 20Hz, 60% water and 40% air flow). OCT analysis was done before and after irradiation. We observed that themorphological changes of the enamel surface showed an increased surface area due to the cement remaining in the enamel.We concluded that the Er, Cr: YSGG laser, when used in the irradiation protocol tested, seems to be a safe tool for the removal of laminates.

  • IPEN-DOC 25015

    SILVA, ANDRE F. ; COSTA, PRISCILA ; MACHADO, NOE G.P. ; SAMAD, RICARDO E. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; RAELE, MARCUS P. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. . Analysis of temperature on microscope slide by a boron pulsed laser deposition process. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO, 41., 06-11 de maio, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2018. p. 1-1.

    Abstract: A boron thin ¯lm can be used for neutrons conversion and in electrically charged particles and further detection. Since boron has a high evaporation temperature and the thickness of the boron layer needs to have few microns, pulsed laser deposition also known as PLD can be used. When producing thin ¯lms with the PLD technique, the target absorbs energy promoting the material ablation creating a plasma plume that deposits material on a substrate, thus creating a thin ¯lm. Since all the deposition occurs in a vacuum chamber, the residual heat of the plasma that condensate at the substrate can build up, thus potentially source of concern if the substrate sensitive to temperature somehow. This work reports the analysis of the variation of temperature in a microscope slide (substrate) as a function of the energy of femtosecond laser pulses. For measuring the substrate temperature a type-K thermocouple was used together with associated electronics. The thermocouple was ¯xed to the back of substrate with thermal grease for vacuum and connected to the microchip using a feed through in the vacuum chamber. Was detected the increase of the substrate+¯lm starting at 6oC from initial temperature (room) for the minimal laser energy 100 microjoules (25 femtoseconds).

  • IPEN-DOC 27313

    JUNIOR, CLAUDIO M.; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; CARVALHO, VICTORIA G.; SILVA, MATEUS R.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; SCAPIN, MARCOS A. ; GONÇALVES, SERGIO E.P.. Avaliação in vitro do teor de cálcio e fósforo em dentina humana submetida a radiação ionizante in vivo. In: BAPTISTA, ALESSANDRA (Ed.); NUNEZ, SILVIA C. (Org.); BAPTISTA, ALESSANDRA (Org.); GARCEZ, AGUINALDO (Org.); SILVA, JULIANA P. (Org.); SILVA, CAMILA R. (Org.); CABRAL, FERNANDA V. (Org.); YOSHIMURA, TANIA M. (Org.); RIBEIRO, MARTHA S. (Org.) FÓRUM ON-LINE DE TECNOLOGIAS DA LUZ NA SAÚDE, 1st, May 28-30, 2020, São Paulo, SP. Abstract... São Paulo, SP: Universidade Brasil, 2020. p. 33-33.

    Abstract: INTRODUÇÃO: Câncer de cabeça e pescoço é um problema de saúde pública. A radioterapia é uma opção de tratamento, capaz de promover maior preservação de tecidos e estruturas adjacentes. Entretanto, comorbidades ocorrem, causando alterações em tecidos da cavidade oral. O entendimento da etiologia das cáries de radiação ainda é um tema complexo no atendimento destes pacientes. OBJETIVO: Realizar a validação de uma metodologia de análise quantitativa in vitro de Fósforo (P) e Cálcio (Ca) na dentina humana submetida a radioterapia. METODOLOGIA: Após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (parecer 3.842.547) foram utilizados 12 dentes extraídos oriundos de pacientes submetidos a radioterapia (~0,07 kGy) por câncer de cabeça e pescoço. As amostras de dentina foram preparadas e analisadas por meio de Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura com Energia Dispersiva de Raios X (MEV/EDS). RESULTADOS: A metodologia proposta teve seus resultados comparados aos resultados obtidos pela espectroscopia de Fluorescência de Raios X e validada em termos de precisão e exatidão por meio de testes estatísticos sugeridos pelo documento DOQ-CGCRE-008 do INMETRO e teste Z-score. A precisão, em termos do desvio padrão relativo (RSD%) acessado de P e Ca, foi de 2,6 e 3,2%, respectivamente. A aceitabilidade calculada pelo teste de HORRAT (𝐻𝑂𝑅) mostrou que ambos valores são ≤ 2 (1,3 e 1,6 para P e CA, respectivamente), indicando que a precisão é satisfatória. A exatidão acessada de P e Ca, em termos de erro relativo (ER%), foi de 2,6 e 1,8%, respectivamente. A aceitabilidade, calculada pelo teste Z-score (score-score), apresentou valores entre 1,0 e 0,5 para P e CA, respectivamente, com a exatidão também considerada satisfatória. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se ser possível quantificar in vitro o Fósforo e o Cálcio na dentina humana por MEV/EDS, com parâmetros de precisão e exatidão satisfatórias para a técnica.

  • IPEN-DOC 26005

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; SCAPIN, MARCOS A. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; CASTRO, PEDRO ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; ZEZELL, DENISE . Calcium analysis from gamma sterilized human dentin and enamel. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO DA SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE FÍSICA, 42., 26-31 de maio, 2019, Aracaju, SE. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2019.

    Abstract: Gamma radiation changes the patients0 oral cavity undergoing radiotherapy. Alterations cause an unsaturated environment of calcium and phosphate into the oral cavity. After approval of the Ethics Committee, 20 hu- man teeth were sectioned to obtain 20 human enamel and 20 dentin samples, polished plane. Samples were randomized in the irradiated group and control group (untreated). Then, the treatment group was irradiated with 25:0 kGy at the 60Co multipurpose irradiator. After the gamma irradiation, Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), percentage of surface microhardness loss (%SMHL) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were performed. At the end, acidic biopsies were performed to quantify the concentration of calcium present in the samples. FTIR showed that the molecular structure of HA of the enamel is similar to the non- irradiated, with no formation or loss of molecular compounds occurring. X-ray °uorescence at enamel samples was performed. Microscopic morphological analysis did not shown signi¯cant di®erences. Surface microhardness is an indirect indicator of the mineral content of the samples. The mean obtained was 258:2 (38:8) KHN within the hardness spectrum of the healthy natural enamel. The compounds present in the samples and the values of the ratios of Calcium and Phosphate oxides and relation between the elements Calcium and Phosphorus. The ratio of the most stable oxides shows a variation with linear correlation. In the enamel, the ratio (Ca/P) shows a change in the elemental content with linear correlation (R2 = 1). These ¯ndings lead us to a new hypothesis of behaviour of the HA crystal versus gamma irradiation. On the other hand for the irradiated dentin, the Knoop hardness number was within the range of the spectrum similar to that of natural dentin of human origin. X-ray °uorescence shows that irradiated dentin has great similarity with natural dentin from the point of view of chemical composition. SEM analyses showed that there was no thermal damage or interprismatic morpho- logical changes in the hydroxyapatite structure of human dental dentin outside the buccal environment when using doses of gamma irradiation up to 25 kGy.

  • IPEN-DOC 27991

    KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; RABELO, THAIS ; JUVINO, AMANDA ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; CASTRO, PEDRO ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Calcium analysis of gamma sterilized human dentin submmited to Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation. Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery, v. 37, n. 10, p. A18-A19, 2019. DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.29013.abstracts

    Abstract: Studies report that gamma radiation changes the oral cavity of patients submitted to radiotherapy. These changes include xerostomia, resulting in an unsaturation of calciumand phosphate in the oral cavity. However, human enamel samples isolated from the altered oral environmentwhen irradiatedwithgamma radiation at doses of up to 25kGy (much higher than radiotherapy doses) were shown to have undergone no changes in molecular hardness or micro surface. After approval of the Research Ethics Committee, 20 human dentin samples were evaluated before and after irradiation, split randomly into control group (n = 10) and irradiated group (n = 10) treated with 25.0 kGy at the Co60 multipurpose irradiator and irradiated with Er,Cr:YSGG laser in the parameters: 8.5 J/cm2 in the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), % surface Microhardness loss and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). At the end, acidic biopsies were performed to quantify the concentration of calcium present in the samples. In the results of FTIR analysis differences were found only in the bands of organic content and in the inorganic content, difference were not found between before and after irradiations. The EDS and % Surface Microhardness loss analysis corroborates these findings, as well as no significant loss of the Calcium content before and after their radiation with Co60 at 25 kGy and with the Er,Cr:YSGG laser. These findings lead us to a new hypothesis of behavior of the hydroxyapatite crystal submitted to the gamma irradiation.

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; radiotherapy; gamma radiation; radiation doses; calcium

  • IPEN-DOC 27554

    KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; SOGLIA, VICTOR ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. ; ZEZELL, DENISE . Comportamento da hidroxiapatita do esmalte e da dentina frente à radiação ionizante in vivo e in vitro. In: CONGRESSO UNIVERSITÁRIO BRASILEIRO DE ODONTOLOGIA, 43., 18-20 de setembro, 2019, São Paulo, SP. Resumo expandido... 2019.

  • IPEN-DOC 26237

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; CARAMEL, AMANDA ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; SOGLIA, VICTOR M.L.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Dental enamel submmitted to gamma radiation and ER,CR: YSGG laser associated to fluoride. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 1831-1843.

    Abstract: The in situ caries model can use bovine dental samples in human volunteers. Gamma radiation is a very efficient sterilization method that is not expected to alter the mineral content of the hard tissues, avoiding biases in the results. Samples (n=40) were irradiated through a source of 60Co multipurpose irradiator aiming complete sterilization (25 kGy/h) with the purpose of accumulating the native plaque on them at an in situ study. An Er,Cr:YSGG laser was used alone and in combination with the topical applications of: 1 dentifrice (1,100 μg F /g) or 2 APF (12,300 μg F--/g). Morphological and chemical analyses were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), determination of alkali soluble fluoride concentration by specific ion electrode and surface microhardness determination. Then, the 15 volunteers used palatal devices containing previously treated samples and remained using F dentifrice. The effects of Fformation, on the reduction of demineralization were correlated. The biochemical analysis for quantification of alkaline soluble F determined the groups in which the laser was used after the topical application of the two types of fluoride products of different concentrations (dentifrice and APF) to be statistically different (p≤0.05), suggesting a prolonged effect of the synergy of the treatments in the reduction of the demineralization. Electronic Microscopy Scanning analysis has not shown thermal damage neither interprismatics changes from hydroxyapatite crystals, at dental enamel outside the buccal environment, after 25 kGy gamma irradiation, established that gamma radiation could be used aiming dental enamel sterilization.

    Palavras-Chave: cobalt 60; fluorine; gamma radiation; laser radiation; morphological changes; radiation doses; radiation effects; sterilization; teeth

  • IPEN-DOC 24864

    STREFEZZA, CLAUDIA ; AMARAL, MARCELLO M.; QUINTO JUNIOR, JOSE ; GOUW-SOARES, SHEILA C.; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Effect of 830 nm diode laser irradiation of root canal on bond strength of metal and fiber post. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery, p. 1-6, 2018. DOI: 10.1089/pho.2017.4378

    Abstract: Objective and background: The correct selections of the cementing agent, the endodontic post material and placement protocol are critical to provide an increased longevity of the teeth that went through endodontic treatment. The irradiation with diode laser before post cementation, can promote an antimicrobial effect. However, there is a lack of information about the effect of 830 nm diode laser on the post bond strength. This study analyzed the effect of dentin root canal irradiation with high-intensity diode laser, at 830 nm, operating in continuous or pulsed mode, on the retention of metal or fiber posts, cemented with self-etching resinous composite (Panavia F) and zinc phosphate cement (ZnPO4). Materials and methods: Human roots were irradiated with diode laser (continuous and pulsed mode). The fiber posts were luted with Panavia F and the metal posts with Panavia F or ZnPO4 cement. Specimens were sectioned into three sections (cervical, middle, and apical). The bond strength was measured by a push-out mechanical analysis. For the statistical analysis, a three-way ANOVA test was applied following a Tukey's pairwise comparison with a significance level of p = 0.05. Results: The irradiated groups presented higher bond strength compared with nonirradiated group (p < 0.05), and the cervical and middle thirds presented higher on bond strength than the apical. The association of metal post and Panavia F presented higher bond strength when irradiated on continuous mode (p < 0.05). Fiber post and Panavia F presented higher bond strength associated to pulsed mode. The mode seems not to make a significant difference. Conclusions: These results corroborate the importance of the post bond to dentin and root canal debris removal to increase the tooth longevity. It was shown that the dentin to post bond strength were enhanced by the diode laser irradiation either on continuous or pulsed modes.

    Palavras-Chave: irradiation; lasers; cementing; dentistry; teeth; semiconductor diodes; antimicrobial agents

  • IPEN-DOC 26236

    ZANINI, NATHALIA ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. de ; ANA, PATRICIA A. da; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Effect of Er,Cr:YSSG laser on dental Veneers removal submitted to gamma radiation. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 1819-1830.

    Abstract: The search for aesthetical rehabilitive treatment such as porcelain veneers is increasing over the past years. After CEP-FOUSP approval, the present study investigated the debonding of 20 ceramic fragments of lithium disilicate(5x5x1 mm) from human dental enamel bond with Variolink ® N. The samples were splitted in two groups: control (without gamma irradiation) and treatment (gamma irradiation: GL). EDS and FTIR was performed on enamel in both groups, before and after treatment. After cementation of the ceramic fragments the control group was only irradiated with Er, Cr: YSGG laser (λ = 2.78 nm) to remove the fragments, whereas the GL was gamma irradiated with 0.07 kGy followed by laser irradiation Er, Cr: YSGG for removal of laminates.The laser parameters were previously determined as follows: 3.5 W. The gamma and laser (GL) group was exposed to gamma radiation and the erbium laser was applied in both groups to remove lithium disilicate laminates from human dental enamel. Thus, the load required to remove the laminates after simulation of the radiotherapy treatment in the human dental enamel was analyzed by mechanical assay. In this assay, the GL group presented higher loads for the removal of the laminates compared to the control group. This indicates that the gamma radiation induces a water radiolysis by modifying the hybrid layer of the adhesive cement and increases the bond between the enamel and the resin cement, which hinders the laser debonding of the laminates.

    Palavras-Chave: ceramics; enamels; gamma radiation; irradiation; laser radiation; lasers; lithium; radiolysis; teeth; therapy; x-ray spectroscopy

  • IPEN-DOC 25611

    DIAS, DERLY A. ; PEREIRA, DAISA L. ; GOMES, GABRIELA V. ; SUGAHARA, VANESSA M.L. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; MATHOR, MONICA B. . Effects of gamma irradiation on bovine bone microhardness and molecular structure. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO, 41., 06-11 de maio, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2018. p. 1-1.

    Abstract: The skeletal systems is a complex mixed compounds, organic and inorganic, that should present a mechanical resistance to perform functions as protection of the vital organs and load distribution. Gamma radiation is an ionizing radiation that comes from radioative sources or X-ray generator and it is commonly used in health establishments such as radio diagnostic exams, radiotherapy and sterilization of allograft. The characterization of the irradiated bone tissue can be an important tool in the study of the components that are aÆected and how much each dose of ionizing radiation can alter its mechanical properties. This information will be very important in in vitro and ex vivo studies where sterilization of the bone material is necessary and may still be useful in understanding the eÆects on the bone tissue of patients undergoing short-term radiotherapy. For this, 110 samples of bovine femur diaphysis were randomized into 11 groups: G1- untreated (control); G2 to G11 were submitted to gamma irradiation (60Co Gammacel). Samples were polished before irradiation and submitted to a Knoop Microhardness Test to determine the hardness of bovine bone and Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Spectra were collected in the midinfrared range in Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR) sampling mode associated whit PCA multivariate technique to evaluate the molecular changes in bone matrix. The microhardness analysis did not present a significant statistical diÆerence between the irradiated and control groups, showing that ionizing radiation did not aÆect the mechanical structure of the samples, on a micro scale. The results of FTIR with the PCA technique were eÆective in separating all groups, especially those irradiated with doses of 0.002 kGy, 10 kGy and 35 kGy. We conclude that ATR-FTIR spectroscopy associated with PCA is a good method to evaluate the biochemical changes promoted by ionizing radiation in bone matrix. It was observed that hardness was not altered by gamma irradiation and FTIR spectroscopy associated with PCA is a good method to analyze the changes in bone tissue submitted to ionizing radiation.

  • IPEN-DOC 27990

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.L. ; ANA, PATRICIA A. da; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation associated to fluoride for in situ model using gamma sterilized dentin and enamel. Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery, v. 37, n. 10, p. A13-A13, 2019. DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.29013.abstracts

    Abstract: The in situ intraoral model uses human dental enamel samples (HDE) in order to analyse the de-remineralization processes using the buccal environment without interfering into the patients’ natural dentition. The main ethical concern from this model is the biosafety. Gamma radiation is a very efficient sterilization method that is not expected to alter the mineral content of the hard tissues, avoiding biases in the results. Thus 40 HDE samples were irradiated through a source of 60Co multipurpose irradiator aiming complete sterilization (25 KGy/h) with the purpose of accumulating the native plaque on them at an in situ study. An Er,Cr:YSGG laser was used alone and in combination with the topical applications of: 1-dentifrice (1,100 lg F-/g) or 2-APF (12,300 lg F-/g). Morphological analyses were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), determination of alkali-soluble fluoride concentration by specific ion electrode and microhardness determination. Then, the 15 volunteers used palatal devices containing previously treated HDE samples and remained using F dentifrice. The FTIR findings established that gamma radiation could be used aiming HDE sterilization. The Knoop hardness number was within the range of that of natural dentin of human origin. X-ray fluorescence shows that irradiated dentin has great similarity with natural dentin from the point of view of chemical composition. SEM analyses showed that there was no thermal damage or interprismatic morphological changes in the hydroxyapatite structure of human dental dentin outside the buccal environment when using doses of gamma irradiation up to 25 kGy.

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; enamels; sterilization; lasers; irradiation

  • IPEN-DOC 19024

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. . Estudo in situ da resistência à desmineralização do esmalte dental submetido à irradiação com laser Er, Cr:YSGG associada ao uso de produtos fluoretados / In situ study of dental enamel demineralization resistance when irradiated with Er, Cr:YSGG laser associated to fluoridated products . 2012. Tese (Doutoramento) - Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP, São Paulo. 127 p. Orientador: Denise Maria Zezell. DOI: 10.11606/T.85.2012.tde-08032013-155457

    Abstract: A irradiação com o laser de Er,Cr:YSGG promove aumento da área de superfície do esmalte dental irradiado, o que pode resultar em uma maior retenção e um efeito prolongado do fluoreto (F-) presente em produtos fluoretados de diferentes concentrações. O produto formado na superfície de esmalte originado de uma única aplicação de flúor fosfato acidulado (FFA 12.300 &mu;g F-/g) ou da frequente aplicação tópica de dentifrício contendo 1.100 &mu;g F-/g poderia ter seu efeito cariostático prolongado, pelo aumento de sua retenção na superfície do esmalte dental irradiado. Uma vez que o esmalte dentário livre de biofilme não sofre desmineralização na cavidade bucal, sugerimos um estudo in situ onde se possa avaliar o prolongamento do efeito do destas associações, também na presença de placa. As condições de irradiação do estudo in situ, foram determinadas, in vitro, com laser Er,Cr:YSGG no esmalte de maneira isolada ou combinada com as aplicações tópicas de: 1- dentifrício de concentração 1.100 &mu;g F-/g ou 2- FFA, para posteriores análises da formação e retenção de CaF2. Foram realizadas análises morfológicas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, determinação da concentração do flúor solúvel em álcali por meio do eletrodo íon específico e análise da microdureza em corte longitudinal. Os resultados por microscopia eletrônica de varredura verificaram qualitativamente a formação de produtos na superfície de esmalte na forma de CaF2. A análise bioquímica para determinação quantitativa do F- solúvel em álcali determinou como sendo estatisticamente diferentes (p&le;0,05) os Grupos nos quais o laser foi utilizado previamente à aplicação tópica dos dois tipos de produtos fluoretados de diferentes concentrações (dentifrício e FFA), in vitro. Em seguida, foi realizado o estudo in situ quando voluntários utilizaram dispositivos palatinos, contendo blocos de esmalte humano, previamente tratados, com o objetivo de acúmulo da placa nativa sobre os mesmos. Durante a fase in situ, os voluntários permaneceram utilizando dentifrício F- para verificação da ação do mesmo na presença de biofilme sobre os blocos irradiados. Foram correlacionados os efeitos da formação de F-, decorrentes dos tratamentos propostos, na redução da desmineralização. A análise bioquímica para quantificação do F- solúvel em álcali determinou como sendo estatisticamente diferentes (p0,05) os Grupos nos quais o laser foi utilizado após a aplicação tópica dos dois tipos de produtos fluoretados de diferentes concentrações (dentifrício e FFA), in situ, sugerindo um efeito prolongado da sinergia dos tratamentos na diminuição da desmineralização.

    Palavras-Chave: enamels; demineralization; laser radiation; erbium; chromium; caries; fluorides; abrasives; calcium phosphates; scanning electron microscopy; in vitro; teeth

  • IPEN-DOC 26235

    KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. de ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . FTIR analysis of human dentin submitted to gamma radiation. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 1810-1818.

    Abstract: Global data indicate that head and neck cancer express one of the sixth most common types of malignant cancers. In 2030, head and neck cancer predict 1,031,439 new cases per year around the world. Radiation therapy is used as a major therapy step in the treatment protocol for head and neck malignancies. Radiation caries consists in a side effect of xerostomia, ie a considerable reduction in the quantity and quality of saliva in the oral cavity, being defined as a type of cavity that advance severely with fast progression being able to injure the dental pulp. Gamma radiation effects can promote changes associated to modification in the enamel prismatic structure, the reduction in surface microhardness and biochemically alterations in the tooth composition. However, other studies where the human dental enamel using ionizing radiation present no differences found in the integrity of the dental enamel and there was no interference in the surface microhardness. In this study, 20 human dentin samples were evaluated, split randomly into the control group and irradiated group at 25 kGy, in the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The FTIR shows that no significant changes were found in the Phosphate band representing the inorganic material. On the other hand, the Amide I band -chosen as the representative of the organic matrix composed mainly of collagen- showed a significant difference, suggesting a degradation of the organic content. These findings corroborate with SEM analysis after the gamma irradiation dose at 25 kGy.

    Palavras-Chave: caries; dentin; enamels; fourier transformation; gamma radiation; infrared spectra; radiation doses; side effects; therapy

  • IPEN-DOC 26006

    PEREIRA, DAISA L. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. ; GOMES, GABRIELA V. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; RIBEIRO, HENRIQUE B.; MATOS, CHRISTIANO J.S.; ANA, PATRICIA A.. Heat-induced depth of Nd:YAG laser irradiation in biological hard tissues. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO DA SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE FÍSICA, 42., 26-31 de maio, 2019, Aracaju, SE. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2019.

    Abstract: Confocal Raman spectroscopy is a non-destructive and non-invasive technique which provides surface Raman spectra and depth images of biological structures contactless with the sample, with no use of ionizing radiation to penetrate in the sample under analysis. These characteristics allow its experimental use without any side e®ects to the sample. The depth images are obtained by Raman microscopy and are related to the characteristics of the tissues. This study aims to characterize irradiated hard tissues and correlate the depth reached by the heat of the laser irradiation with the obtained images. For this, thirty 8 mm2 blocks of bovine enamel and bovine root dentin, were randomized into 6 groups: G1- enamel untreated; G2- enamel irradiated with Nd:YAG micropulsed laser (1064 nm, 10 Hz- Lares Research R°) using a coal paste as photoabsorber; G3- enamel irradiated with Nd:YAG nanopulsed laser (1064 nm, 20 Hz, Brilliant, Quantel Laser) using a coal paste as photoabsorber; G4-G6 (bovine root dentin in the same conditions of treatment of G1-G3). The measurements were performed in three di®erent depth regions of the cubic shaped samples: region A- left corner above of the sample, region B- middle of the sample and Region C- right corner below of the sample. The area under the phosphate, carbonate, amide I, II, and III bands were calculated. The Raman spectra of the Nd:YAG irradiated samples detected a reduction in all the organic components of the enamel after laser irradiation. Previous studies of our group demonstrated that di®erences in carbonate substitution in the apatite lattice are related to the apatite instability and demineralization susceptibility. Considering that carbonate free apatite is less susceptible to acid attack, the results of this study suggest that Nd:YAG lased enamel can be more resistant to caries, in a direct correlation to the thickness of the treated area. It was found that for micropulsed Nd:YAG laser, the heat induced depth was 10 § 2 ¹m and for nanopulsed laser the heat induced depth was 8 § 3 ¹m. So, it is possible to correlate the heat penetration depth of the laser irradiation with the images obtained by the confocal Raman.

  • IPEN-DOC 27155

    RABELO, THAIS F. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; DEL-VALLE, MATHEUS ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. ; SANTOS, MOISES O. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Human dental enamel evaluation after radiotherapy simulation and laminates debonding with Er,Cr:YSGG using SEM and EDS. Journal of Oral Diagnosis, v. 4, p. 1-5, 2019. DOI: 10.5935/2525-5711.20190022

    Abstract: The pursuit of perfection makes younger people undergo aesthetic procedures without formal indication. However, young patients may be susceptible to a disease such as head and neck cancer which treatment can compromise the adhesion of these indirect mate-rials. Here, we present an analyze, of the gamma radiation effects on crystallographic morphology of human dental enamel after laminate veneer debonding with Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Thus, human dental enamel samples were prepared and randomized into 2 groups (n=10): Laser Irradiation (L) and Gamma + Laser Irradiation (GL) group. Scanning elec-tron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were performed before bonding and after debonding using Er,Cr:YSGG. Only Gamma + Laser Irradia-tion group received a cumulative dose of 70 Gy gamma radiation used in head and neck cancer radiotherapy. SEM images showed that both GL and L groups presented altered morphology. EDS showed an decrease in Ca and P intensities after laser debonding of laminates veneers in both group. Therefore, a proper laser facet removal protocol should be established for healthy patients and patients who have been exposed to radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; dentistry; enamels; radiotherapy; lasers; gamma radiation; neck; head; neoplasms; scanning electron microscopy; x-ray emission spectroscopy

  • IPEN-DOC 27989

    JUVINO, AMANDA C. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; CASTRO, PEDRO ; ZEZELL, DENISE . In vitro determination of the critical pH demineralization of human dental enamel irradiated with Nd:YAG laser associated with fluoridated product. Photobiomodulation, Photomedicine, and Laser Surgery, v. 37, n. 10, p. A8-A9, 2019. DOI: 10.1089/photob.2019.29013.abstracts

    Abstract: The use of fluoride products associated with high intensity laser irradiation are beneficial for dental caries prevention because it increases the surface area, improving the formation of fluorapatite (FA), which gives greater acid-resistance of enamel against bacterial acids. The objective of this study is to determine the critical pH of dental enamel treated with acid fluoride phosphate 12,300 lF-/g (APF) and Nd:YAG laser 84 J/cm2, as there is no precedent to determine this pH. The study consisted of 4 groups (n = 15): G1: Negative Control; G2: APF; G3: Nd:YAG; G4: APF + Nd:YAG. Each group was randomized into three subgroups (n = 5) for pH cycling. The cycling was designed to simulate three conditions: below critical pH of enamel hydroxyapatite (pH 5.0); pH below critical for hydroxyapatite and fluorapatite (pH 4.5); condition further below the critical situation to investigate extent of acid resistance of the enamel (pH 4.0). The samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and solutions were quantified fluoride (specific ion electrode) and phosphate (colorimetric method). In SEM and FTIR (phosphate band) at pH 5, only the APF and APF + Nd:YAG groups did not present demineralization. At pH 4.5, only the APF + Nd:YAG group was integrated. At pH 4, APF + Nd:YAG showed signs of mild demineralization while the other groups showed aggressive signals. It is concluded that the irradiated fluorapatite has critical dissolution pH different from fluorapatite formed only with the application of fluorine.

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; enamels; fluorides; phosphates; ph value; laser radiation

  • IPEN-DOC 25603

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; SCAPIN, MARCOS ; KUCHAR, NIELSEN G. ; ZANINI, NATHALIA ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Molecular analysis of human and bovine hydroxyapatite from dental enamel and dentin submitted to gamma radiation. In: LATIN AMERICA OPTICS AND PHOTONICS CONFERENCE, November 12-15, 2018, Lima, Peru. Resumo expandido... Washington, DC, USA: OSA, 2018.

    Abstract: The important alteration of gamma irradiated hydroxyapatite in the buccal cavity depends on the biochemical alteration of the environment. The hydroxyapatite analyzed isolated showed a minimal molecular change of the crystal.

  • IPEN-DOC 25609

    ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; PEREIRA, DAISA L. ; GOMES, GABRIELA V. ; ALVES, NATHALIA Z. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. ; DIAS, DERLY A. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; SCAPIN, MARCOS A. . Molecular characterization of ex-vivo natural bovine dental enamel. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO, 41., 06-11 de maio, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2018. p. 1-1.

    Abstract: Bovine teeth are widely used to infer results on a human population. Considering this, an analysis of the mineral content of bovine enamel, focusing the hidroxiapatite (HA), was carried out to evaluate the homogeneity of the sample universe for future experiments with laser irradiation as a substitute of human teeth enamel. Twelve samples of 5 x 5 mm bovine enamel were prepared and polished plane. The mineral content was calculated through surface microhardness (SMH) and morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Main molecular components of the enamel were analysed by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). Surface microhardness is an indirect indicator of the mineral content of the samples, which was 258.2 (38.8) KHN. The compounds present in the samples, the values of Calcium and Phosphate oxides and the ration Ca/P were analizes. As expected Phosphorus pentoxide and Calcium oxide were the main constituent of the samples (57.4 to 59.9%). The CaO/P2O5 ratio shows a variation with linear correlation (R2 = 1). The elemental ratio (Ca/P) shows a change in the elemental content with linear correlation (R2 = 1). 30% of the samples presented Strontium oxide, 30% had Zirconium dioxide, 10% had Magnesium oxide and 40% had Silicon dioxide. All samples showed Sulfur trioxide, Iron trioxide and Chlorine. 10% did not shown Zinc oxide. 5% had Potassium oxide and Nickel oxide in its composition. The surface microhardness results, although only for the initial homogenization of the sample universe, showed a Knoop hardness number within a spectrum similar to that of natural hydroxyapatite of human origin. The EDS results show that bovine enamel hydroxyapatite present great similarity with that from human enamel hydroxyapatite from the point of view of chemical composition. These results corroborate the use of bovine hydroxyapatite in substitution of hydroxyapatite of human origin. Despite the inter-species similarity, it is possible to note that in the same species the composition of hydroxyapatite varies. In the bovine species, the feeding, the period of formation of the dental germs and the origin are more standardized and controlled than in humans. Nevertheless, it is possible to notice a variation of the components elements of bovine dental enamel, and it is necessary to restrict an interval of hardness and Ca/P values to homogenise the samples properties for use in any experiment.

  • IPEN-DOC 27710

    ZANINI, NATHALIA A. ; RABELO, THAIS F. ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; CARAMEL-JUVINO, AMANDA ; ANA, PATRICIA A.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Morphological, optical, and elemental analysis of dental enamel after debonding laminate veneer with Er,Cr:YSGG laser: a pilot study. Microscopy Research and Technique, v. 84, n. 3, p. 489-498, 2021. DOI: 10.1002/jemt.23605

    Abstract: Laminate veneer removal is becoming a routine procedure at the dental clinic and the use of laser can facilitate its removal. This work aimed to evaluate the morphological, elemental, and optical changes in the remaining enamel after veneer removal using Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Forty‐four enamel slabs were prepared and randomly distributed into nine experimental groups, for bonding using lithium disilicate laminates with three different luting agents (Variolink Veneer, RelyX U200, and RelyX Veneer). Then each agent was debonded using Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2.78 μm) using two different protocols:3.5 W, 48.14 J/cm2, 20 Hz non‐contact and 3.0 W, 48.14 J/cm2, 20 Hz non‐contact. The morphological, optical, and elemental analysis of enamel was performed before cementation and after laser debonding, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and energy‐dispersive X‐ray spectroscopy (EDS). The level of statistical significance adopted was 5%. The EDS analysis of enamel after debonding revealed a significant increase in silane and carbon, as well as a decrease in calcium and phosphate contents. Analysis showed the presence of residual cement in most experimental groups but the morphological analysis showed alteration of the enamel's prisms only in the groups that used RelyX Veneer and Variolink Veneer cements. There was no evidence of deleterious morphological changes resulting from irradiation. However, an increase in the optical attenuation coefficient by the OCT was observed due to the presence of the remaining cement. It can be concluded that the Er,Cr:YSGG laser, in the mean powers used, is efficient for veneer removal without causing deleterious effects for the enamel.

    Palavras-Chave: dentistry; enamels; lasers; laser radiation; lithium; tomography; optical properties; coherent radiation; teeth

  • IPEN-DOC 20860

    QUINTO JUNIOR, JOSE ; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; BENETTI, CAROLINA ; DIAS, DERLY A. ; BLAY, ALBERTO ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Optical properties of human radicular dentin: ATR-FTIR characterization and dentine tubule direction influence on radicular post adhesion. In: KURACHI, CRISTINA (Ed.); SVANBERG, KATARINA (Ed.); TROMBERG, BRUCE J. (Ed.); BAGNATO, VANDERLEI S. (Ed.) BIOPHOTONICS SOUTH AMERICA, May 23, 2015, Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Proceedings... Society of Photho-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2015. p. 95311V-1 - 95311V-8. (SPIE Proceedings Series, 9531).

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; dentin; optical properties; laser radiation; adhesion; fourier transform spectrometers; reflection

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A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.