INSTITUTO DE PESQUISAS ENERGÉTICAS E NUCLEARES
Repositório Digital da Produção Técnico Científica

BibliotecaTerezine Arantes Ferraz

Navegação por Agências de fomento "Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)"

Navegação por Agências de fomento "Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)"

Classificar por: Ordenar: Resultados:

  • IPEN-DOC 23152

    BERECZKI, ALLAN ; WETTER, NIKLAUS U. . 100W continuous linearly polarized, high beam quality output from standard side-pumped Nd:YAG laser modules. Optics and Laser Technology, v. 96, p. 271-275, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.05.020

    Abstract: Dynamically stable operation with joined stability zones of a linearly polarized resonator is shown for a laser containing two diode side-pumped Nd:YAG rods. The unpolarized resonator generated 115W of output. When polarized by a Brewster plate, it reached 100.5W of output power at a beam quality M2 < 2. Best measured beam quality was of 1.1 and 1.3 in the x and y directions respectively, with 76W of 95% polarized output. The output power achieved is, to our knowledge, the highest reported for continuous polarized, fundamental-mode lasers using standard side-pumped Nd:YAG modules.

    Palavras-Chave: neodymium lasers; lasers; resonators; solid state lasers; temperature dependence; diode-pumped solid state lasers; beams; quality factor

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  • IPEN-DOC 24704

    ARAGAO, LUIZ E.O.C.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; FONSECA, MARISA G.; ROSAN, THAIS M.; VEDOVATO, LAURA B.; WAGNER, FABIEN H.; SILVA, CAMILA V.J.; SILVA JUNIOR, CELSO H.L.; ARAI, EGIDIO; AGUIAR, ANA P.; BARLOW, JOS; BERENGUER, ERIKA; DEETER, MERRITT N.; DOMINGUES, LUCAS G. ; GATTI, LUCIANA ; GLOOR, MANUEL; MALHI, YADVINDER; MARENGO, JOSE A.; MILLER, JOHN B.; PHILLIPS, OLIVER L.; SAATCHI, SASSAN. 21st Century drought-related fires counteract the decline of Amazon deforestation carbon emissions. Nature Communications, v. 9, n. 536, 2018. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-02771-y

    Abstract: Tropical carbon emissions are largely derived from direct forest clearing processes. Yet, emissions from drought-induced forest fires are, usually, not included in national-level carbon emission inventories. Here we examine Brazilian Amazon drought impacts on fire incidence and associated forest fire carbon emissions over the period 2003-2015. We show that despite a 76% decline in deforestation rates over the past 13 years, fire incidence increased by 36% during the 2015 drought compared to the preceding 12 years. The 2015 drought had the largest ever ratio of active fire counts to deforestation, with active fires occurring over an area of 799,293 km(2). Gross emissions from forest fires (989 +/- 504 Tg CO2 year(-1)) alone are more than half as great as those from old-growth forest deforestation during drought years. We conclude that carbon emission inventories intended for accounting and developing policies need to take account of substantial forest fire emissions not associated to the deforestation process.

    Palavras-Chave: carbon dioxide; deforestation; forests; monitoring; greenhouse gases; tropical regions; climates; droughts; fires; amazon river; brazil

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  • IPEN-DOC 25024

    VIEIRA, A.; SAMAD, R.E. ; VIEIRA JUNIOR, NILSON D. ; ROSSI, WAGNER de . Ablação a laser com pulsos ultracurtos do aço DIN 16MnCr5: um estudo do processo de furação / Laser ablation with ultrashort laser pulses in steel DIN 16 MnCr5: a study of drill process. In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ENGENHARIA DE FABRICACAO, 9., 26-29 de junho, 2017, Joinville, SC. Anais... Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia e Ciências Mecânicas, 2017.

    Abstract: A indústria automobilística tem como um de seus principais desafios, e consequentemente, foco de pesquisa, a redução do coeficiente de atrito entre alguns componentes e sistemas presentes nos automóveis. Um dos grandes benefícios dos avanços nesta área é o aumento da vida útil dos componentes e a melhor eficiência do motor. Desta maneira, uma das formas propostas pela tribologia para a redução de atrito é a texturização de superfícies por laser. Neste trabalho, foi abordada a interação de pulsos laser de femtossegundos com o aço DIN 16MnCr5, utilizado na indústria automotiva. Objetivou-se buscar os melhores parâmetros de processo para obter micro cavidades com pouca ou nenhuma zona afetada pelo calor e sem a presença de rebarbas e material ressolidificado, presentes na texturização com laser de pulsos longos (nanossegundos). Para a realização do estudo foi utilizada a técnica de escaneamento diagonal, D-Scan, para determinação dos limiares de ablação em função da sobreposição de pulsos. Também foram realizados estudos de formação das cavidades com a variação da posição do ponto focal e do perfil espacial do feixe laser. São apresentados resultados de análises obtidas por microscopia óptica e de varredura e interferometria de luz branca.

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  • IPEN-DOC 24719

    CARVALHO, SABRINA G.M. ; MUCCILLO, ELIANA N.S. ; MUCCILLO, REGINALDO . AC electric field assisted pressureless sintering zirconia: 3mol% yttria solid electrolyte. Physica Status Solidi A: applications and materials science, v. 215, n. 6, p. 1700647-1 - 1700647-5, 2018. DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201700647

    Abstract: 3mol% yttria ionic conductors are sintered by applying AC electric fields with frequencies in the 0.5-1.0kHz range at 1100 degrees C. The sintering experiments are conducted in pressed pellets positioned between platinum electrodes inside a dilatometer furnace. The dilatometer is modified in order to allow for the simultaneous monitoring of thickness shrinkage, electric voltage, and current across the pellet. The results show that the higher the frequency of the electric field, the higher the attained shrinkage and the apparent density of the pellets. Increasing the frequency of the applied electric field leads to an increase in the Joule heating promoted by the electric current pulse through the polycrystalline ceramic sample. A higher frequency therefore leads to higher amount of thermal energy delivered to the sample, favoring enhanced densification. The ionic resistivity decreases in pellets sintered with increasing frequency of the applied electric field. We suggest that Joule heating favors pore elimination and the removal of chemical species at the space charge region, inhibiting the blocking of oxide ions at the interfaces.

    Palavras-Chave: ac systems; ceramics; dilatometry; electric fields; electric impedance; hz range; ionic conductivity; joule heating; pellets; polycrystals; porosity; shrinkage; sintered materials; sintering; density; solid electrolytes; temperature range 1000-4000 k; thickness; yttrium oxides; zirconium oxides

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  • IPEN-DOC 26619

    NANDENHA, J. ; NAGAHAMA, I.H.F. ; YAMASHITA, J.Y. ; FONTES, E.H. ; AYOUB, J.M.S. ; SOUZA, R.F.B. de ; FONSECA, F.C. ; NETO, A.O. . Activation of methane on PdZn/C electrocatalysts in an acidic electrolyte at low temperatures. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, v. 14, n. 12, p. 10819-10834, 2019. DOI: 10.20964/2019.12.76

    Abstract: PdZn/C electrocatalysts were prepared by sodium borohydride utilized as reducing agent for activation methane in an acidic medium at room temperature and in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) at 80°C. The materials prepared were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The diffractograms of the PdZn/C electrocatalysts showed only peaks associated with Pd face-centered cubic (fcc) structure. Cyclic voltammograms (CV) of all electrocatalysts after adsorption of methane shown an increment in current during the anodic scan, this effect was more pronounced for Pd(70)Zn(30)/C. In situ ATR-FTIR (Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared) experiments was not observed the formation of intermediates adsorbed for PdZn/C electrocatalysts, this behavior indicated that the methane oxidation occurs by parallel mechanisms. Polarization curves at 80°C in PEMFC show that Pd(90)Zn(10)/C has superior performance over the other electrocatalysts in methane oxidation.

    Palavras-Chave: methane; palladium; zinc; electrocatalysts; sodium compounds; borohydrides; reduction; oxidation; polarization; electrolytes; diagrams

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  • IPEN-DOC 26397

    QUEIROZ, CARLA M.S. ; MACHADO, ARTHUR P. ; PAIVA, ANA R.N. ; ANTONIASSI, RODOLFO M. ; VAZ, JORGE M. ; SPINACE, ESTEVAM V. . Active Pt/CeO2 catalysts prepared by an alcohol‑reduction process for low‑temperature CO‑PROX reaction. Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy, v. 8, n. 3, p. 1-8, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s40243-019-0155-y

    Abstract: Pt/CeO2 catalysts were prepared with 0.5 and 1 wt% of Pt loadings by an alcohol-reduction process using a solution of ethylene glycol and water as a reducing agent and solvent. The obtained catalysts were characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy. Transmission electron micrographs showed Pt nanoparticles with average sizes of 2.2 and 2.4 nm for Pt content of 0.5 and 1 wt%, respectively. The preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in hydrogen-rich stream (CO-PROX reaction) was studied in the temperature range of 25–150 °C. Pt/CeO2 catalysts showed maximum CO conversions in the range of 80–98% and CO2 selectivity in the range of 50–70% at 50 °C.

    Palavras-Chave: catalysts; cerium; cerium oxides; platinum; alcohols; reduction; hydrogen; carbon monoxide; selective catalytic reduction

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  • IPEN-DOC 26398

    PAPAI, RODRIGO; FREITAS, MILLENA A.S. de; FONSECA, KARINA T. da; ALMEIDA, GILMAR A. de ; SILVEIRA, JOÃO R.F. da; SILVA, ANDRE L.N. da; FERREIRA NETO, JOÃO B.; SANTOS, CELIA A.L. dos; LANDGRAF, FERNANDO J.G.; LUZ, MACIEL S.. Additivity of optical emissions applied to neodymium and praseodymium quantification in metallic didymium and (Nd,Pr)-Fe-B alloy samples by low-resolution atomic emission spectrometry: an evaluation of the mathematical approach used to solve spectral interferences. Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 1085, p. 21-28, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.07.049

    Abstract: In this work, the effectiveness of a mathematical approach to solve the spectral interferences involved in the optical emission of two chemical species (neodymium and praseodymium) when using monochromators with low-resolution in atomic spectrometry is evaluated. Although recent technological advances have promoted spectrometers equipped with high-resolution monochromators, which have a great instrumental capability in the separation of nearby lines and consequently avoid spectral interferences, many laboratories still have old spectrometers installed with insufficient resolution to overcome such interferences. In order to evaluate a mathematical approach based on Lambert-Beer's Law, the optical emissions of neodymium and praseodymium were monitored on a low-resolution (200 pm) flame atomic emission spectrometry (F-AES). These two elements were strategically chosen as an application model because they exhibit similar physicochemical properties, joint occurrence in nature and because they are increasingly used in the manufacture of super-magnets, a material increasingly required by the high technology industry. The effectiveness of the mathematical approach was evaluated in three different ways: (i) by recovery of the analytes in synthetic mixtures containing known quantities of the species; (ii) by spike and recovery trials on a representative blend of dissolved samples and (iii) by comparing the results obtained with another analytical method: Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with a higher spectral resolution. The results indicate the effectiveness of this simple mathematical approach, allow the “survival” of instruments equipped with low-resolution monochromators and demonstrate the applicability of this approach to spectral correction. In addition, this work contributes an analytical method for the quantification of neodymium and praseodymium in metallic alloy samples involved in the production of super-magnets, aiding in the strict quality control of these materials.

    Palavras-Chave: additives; emission; absorption spectroscopy; neodymium; praseodymium; spectra; interference; atoms

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  • IPEN-DOC 27125

    BELLEZZO, MURILLO ; FONSECA, GABRIEL P.; VONCKEN, ROBERT; VERRIJSSEN, AN-SOFIE; VAN BEVEREN, CELINE; ROELOFS, ERIK; YORIYAZ, HELIO ; RENIERS, BRIGITTE; VAN LIMBERGEN, EVERT J.; BERB EE, MAAIKE; VERHAEGEN, FRANK. Advanced design, simulation, and dosimetry of a novel rectal applicator for contact brachytherapy with a conventional HDR 192Ir source. Brachytherapy, v. 19, n. 4, p. 544-553, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.brachy.2020.03.009

    Abstract: PURPOSE: Dose escalation yields higher complete response to rectal tumors, which may enable the omission of surgery. Dose escalation using 50 kVp contact x-ray brachytherapy (CXB) allow the treatment of a selective volume, resulting in low toxicity and organs-at-risk preservation. However, the use of CXB devices is limited because of its high cost and lack of treatment planning tools. Hence, the MAASTRO applicator (for HDR 192Ir sources) was developed and characterized by measurements and Monte Carlo simulations to be a cost-effective alternative to CXB devices. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A cylindrical applicator with lateral shielding was designed to be used with a rectoscope using its tip as treatment surface. Both the applicator and the rectoscope have a slanted edge to potentially allow easier placement against tumors. The applicator design was achieved by Monte Carlo modeling and validated experimentally with film dosimetry, using the Papillon 50 (P50) device as reference. RESULTS: The applicator delivers CXB doses in less than 9 min using a 20375 U source for a treatment area of approximately 20 20 mm2 at 2 mm depth. Normalized at 2 mm, the dose falloff for depths of 0 mm, 5 mm, and 10 mm are 130%, 70%, and 43% for the P50 and 140%, 67%, and 38% for the MAASTRO applicator, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The MAASTRO applicator was designed to use HDR 192Ir sources to deliver a dose distribution similar to those of CXB devices. The applicator may provide a cost-effective solution for endoluminal boosting with clinical treatment planning system integration.

    Palavras-Chave: brachytherapy; monte carlo method; rectal administration; iridium 192; dose rates; radiation sources; simulation; radiotherapy; neoplasms; film dosimetry

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  • IPEN-DOC 26077

    ANA, PATRICIA A.; PEREIRA, DAISA de L. ; FERREIRA, ELIZABETE dos S.; FIGUEREDO, DANIELA C.; DAGUANO, JULIANA K.F.B.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Advances in the prevention and monitoring of root dentin demineralization using lasers. In: SBFOTON INTERNATIONAL OPTICS AND PHOTONICS CONFERENCE, October 7-9, 2019, São Paulo, SP. Proceedings... 2019.

    Abstract: The increase in the life expectancy and the longer permanence of the teeth in the oral cavity also led to an augment in the prevalence of root caries lesions. These lesions require more attention because of their rapid progression and difficulty in early diagnosis and monitoring. In this context, the irradiation of the tissues with high intensity lasers has been shown as an important way for preventing lesion formation because lasers chemically modify the irradiated dental hard tissues and make them more resistant to acid challenge. In addition, the association with ceramic biomaterials may allow additional remineralizing results. Together with therapeutics, the effective early diagnosis of incipient lesions is indispensable. Techniques that use lasers, such as optical coherence tomography, have also been promising in this aspect because they allow the early diagnosis and monitoring of demineralizations with high resolution and in a non-detrimental way. This article aims to show the actions of high intensity laser therapies when associated or not with biomaterials, on the prevention and remineralization of root caries lesions, as well as the effectiveness of optical coherence tomography in the diagnosis and monitoring the effects of the treatments in these lesions.

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  • IPEN-DOC 27704

    OLIVEIRA, DANIEL C.F. dos S.; MONTILLA-ROSERO, ELENA; LOPES, FABIO J. da S. ; MORAIS, FERNANDO G. ; LANDULFO, EDUARDO ; HOELZEMANN, JUDITH J.. Aerosol properties in the atmosphere of Natal/Brazil measured by an AERONET Sun-photometer. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 28, n. 8, p. 9806-9823, 2021. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-11373-z

    Abstract: We analyzed data measured by a Sun-photometer of the RIMA-AERONET network with the purpose to characterize the aerosol properties in the atmosphere over Natal, state capital of Rio Grande do Norte, at the coast of Northeast Brazil. Aerosol Optical Depth, Ångström Exponent, Volume Size Distribution, Single Scattering Albedo, Complex Refractive Index, Asymmetry Factor, and Precipitable Water were analyzed from August 2017 to March 2018. In addition, MODIS and CALIOP observations, local Lidar measurements, and modeled backward trajectories were analyzed in a case study on February 9, 2018, that consistently confirmed the identification of a persistent aerosol layer below 4 km agl. Aerosols present in the atmosphere of Natal showed monthly mean Aerosol Optical Depth at 500 nm below 0.15 (~ 75%), monthly means of the Ångström Exponent at 440–670 nm between 0.30 and 0.70 (~ 69%), bimodal Volume Size Distribution is dominantly coarse mode, Single Scattering Albedo at 440 nm is 0.80, Refractive Index - Real Part around 1.50, Refractive Index - Imaginary Part ranging from 0.01 to 0.04, and the Asymmetry Factor ranged from 0.73 to 0.80. The aerosol typing during the measurement period showed that atmospheric aerosol over Natal is mostly composed of mixed aerosol (58.10%), marine aerosol (34.80%), mineral dust (6.30%), and biomass burning aerosols (0.80%). Backward trajectories identified that 51% of the analyzed air masses over Natal originated from the African continent.

    Palavras-Chave: satellite atmospheres; sun; photometers; optical radar; optical systems; aerial monitoring; atmospheres; optical properties; dusts; environment; environmental impacts; physical properties; biomass; brazil; africa; climatic change

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  • IPEN-DOC 27164

    BENALCAZAR JALKH, E.B.; BERGAMO, E.T.P.; MONTEIRO, K.N.; CESAR, P.F.; GENOVA, L.A. ; LOPES, A.C.O.; LISBOA FILHO, P.N.; COELHO, P.G.; SANTOS, C.F.; BORTOLIN, F.; PIZA, M.M.T.; BONFANTE, E.A.. Aging resistance of an experimental zirconia-toughened alumina composite for large span dental prostheses: optical and mechanical characterization. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, v. 104, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.103659

    Abstract: Purpose: To synthesize a zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 85% alumina matrix reinforced by 15% zirconia and to characterize its optical and mechanical properties before and after artificial aging, to be compared with a conventional dental zirconia (3Y-TZP). Material and methods: After syntheses, ZTA and 3Y-TZP powders were uniaxially and isostatically pressed. Greenbody samples were sintered and polished to obtain 80 disc-shaped specimens per group (12 x 1 mm, ISO 6872:2015). The crystalline content and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Optical properties were determined by the calculation of contrast ratio (CR) and translucency parameter (TP) using reflectance data. Mechanical properties were assessed by Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and biaxial flexural strength test (BFS). All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20h, 134 °C, 0.22 MPa). Optical parameters and microhardness differences were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results: The synthesis of the experimental ZTA composite was successful, with 98% of theoretical density, as shown in the SEM images. XRD patterns revealed typical zirconia and alumina crystalline phases. ZTA optical properties parameters showed no effect of aging, with a high CR and low TP values denoting a high maskingability. 3Y-TZP presented lower masking-ability and aging significantly affected its optical properties. ZTA Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and Weibull parameters, including characteristic stress and Weibull modulus were not influenced by aging, while 3Y-TZP presented a significant decrease in characteristic stress and increase in fracture toughness after aging. The ZTA probability of survival for missions of 300 and 500 MPa was estimated at ~99% validating its use for 3-unit posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP), and no different from conventional 3Y-TZP. At high-stress mission (800 MPa) a significant decrease in probability of survival was observed for aged 3Y-TZP (84%) and for immediate and aged ZTA (73 and 82% respectively). Conclusion: The ZTA composite presented a dense microstructure, with preservation of the crystalline content, optical and mechanical properties after artificial aging, which encourages future research to validate its potential use for large span FDP.

    Palavras-Chave: aluminium oxides; zirconium oxides; aging; ceramics; microstructure; optical properties; optical microscopes

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  • IPEN-DOC 27560

    JALKH, ERNESTO B.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; LOPES, ADOLFO C. de O.; LIMA, ERICK; LISBOA-FILHO, PAULO N.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; WITEK, LUKASZ; COELHO, PAULO G.; BORGES, ANA F.S.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Aging resistant ZTA composite for dental applications: microstructural, optical and mechanical characterization. Dental Materials, v. 36, n. 9, p. 1190-1200, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2020.05.011

    Abstract: Objective. To synthesize a zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 70% aluminareinforced by 30% zirconia for dental applications and to characterize its microstructureand optical properties for comparison with the isolated counterpart materials and a first-generation 3Y-TZP.Methods. Disc-shaped specimens were divided in four groups (n = 70/material): (1) 3YSB-E(first generation 3Y-TZP), (2) Zpex (second generation 3Y-TZP), (3) alumina, and (4) ZTA-Zpex70/30. After synthesis, ceramic powders were pressed, and green-body samples sinteredfollowing a predetermined protocol. Specimens were polished to obtain a mirror surfacefinish. Apparent density was measured by Archimedes principle. X-ray diffraction (XRD)and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the crystalline contentand microstructure. Reflectance tests were performed to determine the contrast-ratio (CR)and translucency-parameter (TP). Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexuralstrength (BFS) test. All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20 h, 134◦C, 2.2 bar). Optical parameters were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results. High density values (95–99%) were found for all ceramic materials and SEM images exhibited a dense microstructure. While XRD patterns revealed the preservation of crys- talline content in the ZTA composite, an increase in the monoclinic peak was observed for pure zirconias after aging. Significantly higher CR and lower TP values were observed for the ZTA composite, followed by alumina, 3YSB-E, and Zpex. The highest characteristic stress was recorded for 3YSB-E, followed by intermediate values between ZTA and Zpex, and the lowest for alumina. Aging affected the optical and mechanical properties of both zirconias, while remained stable for ZTA composite and alumina. Significance. The synthesis of experimental 70−30% ZTA composite was successful and its relevance for dental applications relies on its higher masking ability, aging resistance, and strength similar to zirconia.

    Palavras-Chave: composite materials; zirconium oxides; aluminium oxides; mechanical properties; optical properties; microstructure; dentistry; prostheses

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  • IPEN-DOC 27575

    LICHTENTHALER, R.; APPANNABABU, S.; ALVAREZ, M.A.G.; RODRIGUEZ-GALLARDO, M.; LEPINE-SZILY, A.; PIRES, K.C.C.; SANTOS, O.C.B.; UMBELINO, U.; FARIA, P.N. de; GUIMARAES, V.; ZEVALLOS, E.O.N.; SCARDUELLI, V.; ASSUNCAO, M.; SHORTO, J.M.B. ; BARIONI, A.; ALCANTARA-NUNEZ, J.; MORCELLE, V.; SERRA, A.. Alpha-particle production in the 6He+120Sn collision. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v. 1643, p. 1-6, 2020. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1643/1/012093

    Abstract: Alpha particle energy distributions in the 6He+120Sn collision have been measured at 7 bombarding energies above the Coulomb barrier. A phenomenological analysis of the centroids of the experimental distributions was performed and compared with the expected alpha-particle energies from breakup and neutron transfer reactions. Q-optimum conditions were determined using the Brinks formula for the di-neutron transfer reaction. A comparison of the measured alpha-particle production cross-sections with Continuum Discretized Coupled Channels (CDCC) calculations for breakup is presented.

    Palavras-Chave: alpha particles; helium 6; energy spectra; elastic scattering; neutron transfer; coupled channel theory; angular momentum

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  • IPEN-DOC 23325

    SILVA, LEANDRO G. da ; SAMAD, RICARDO E. ; VIEIRA JUNIOR, NILSON D. ; ROSSI, WAGNER de . Alteração da cor no aço ASTM F138 por meio de irradiação com laser de femtossegundo / Color change in metals by means of regular nanostructures produced by femtosecond laser pulses. In: ABM WEEK; CONGRESSO ANUAL DA ABM, 71.; ENCONTRO NACIONAL DE ESTUDANTES DE ENGENHARIA METALURGICA, DE MATERIAIS E DE MINAS, 16., 26-30 de setembro, 2016, Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Anais... São Paulo: Associação Brasileira de Metalurgia, Materiais e Mineração, 2016. p. 128-134.

    Abstract: Neste trabalho, foram estudados os efeitos da irradiação de uma superfície polida do aço inoxidável tipo ASTM F138 com laser de pulsos ultracurtos. As irradiações foram realizadas variando-se a velocidade de varredura do laser, ou seja, a taxa de sobreposição espacial de pulsos. Foi observado que após a irradiação houve uma visível mudança na coloração da amostra. Também foi verificado que com o aumento da taxa de sobreposição de pulsos a superfície tendeu a tornar-se preta, ou seja, absorvedora de luz. Com essa técnica, pode-se realizar marcações com alto contraste sem que haja formação de camadas de óxidos, nitretos ou alterações microestruturais no metal, o que é importante para um material com a precisão que um implante exige.

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  • IPEN-DOC 27448

    BASSO, LUANA; GATTI, LUCIANA ; MARANI, LUCIANO; CASSOL, HENRIQUE; TEJADA, GRACIELA; DOMINGUES, LUCAS ; CORREIA, CAIO ; CRISPIM, STEPHANE; NEVES, RAIANE; IPIA, ALBER; ARAI, EGIDIO; ARAGAO, LUIZ; MILLER, JOHN; GLOOR, MANUEL. Amazon CH4 budget and its controls based on atmospheric data from vertical profiles measurements. In: EGU General Assembly, May 4-8, 2020, Online. Abstract... Göttingen, Germany: Copernicus, 2020.

    Abstract: Wetland emissions are considered the main natural global Methane (CH4) source, but it is budget remains highly uncertain. Tropical regions like the Amazon, host some of the largest wetlands/seasonally flooded areas on the globe. However, tropical regions are still poorly observed with large-scale integrating observations. Here we present the first atmospheric sampling of the lower troposphere over the Amazon using regular vertical profile greenhouse gas and carbon monoxide (CO) observations at four sites. Since 2010 we collected bimonthly CH4, to provide solid seasonal and annual CH4 budgets with large spatial resolution. Vertical profiles are sampled using light aircraft, high-precision greenhouse gas and CO analysis of flask air, fortnightly between 2010 to 2018. The results show a regional variation in CH4 emissions. There are comparably high emissions from the northeast part of the Amazon exhibiting strong variability, with particularly high CH4 fluxes in the beginning of the wet season (January to March). A second period of high emissions occurs during the dry season. The cause of the high emissions is unclear. In the other three sites located further downwind along the main air-stream are observed lower emissions, that represents approximately 25-30% of what is observed in the northeast region and with a clear annual seasonality. In addition, these data show an interannual variability in emissions magnitude, so we discuss how these data can be correlate to climate variables (like temperature and precipitation) and with human-driven changes (like biomass burning) that could be influencing this variability. Over the full period the Amazon (total area of around 7.2 million km2) was a source of CH4, of approximately 46 ± 6 Tg/year, which represent 8% of the global CH4 flux to the atmosphere. Using a CO/CH4 emission ratio calculated in this study we find a biomass burning contribution varying between 10 and 23% of the total flux at each site.

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  • IPEN-DOC 25090

    FALCAO, R.B. ; DAMMANN, EDGAR D.C.C. ; ROCHA, C.J. ; DURAZZO, M. ; ICHIKAWA, R.U. ; MARTINEZ, L.G. ; BOTTA, W.J.; LEAL NETO, R.M. . An alternative route to produce easily activated nanocrystalline TiFe powder. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, v. 43, n. 33, p. 16107-16116, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.07.027

    Abstract: In this paper, an alternative process route to produce active nanocrystalline TiFe compound was investigated. First, TiH2 and Fe powders were dry co-milled in a planetary ball mill for 5e40 h. TiH2 was selected as precursor powder, instead of Ti powder, due its fragility, which has proved to be beneficial to decrease powders adherence on milling tools. In terms of loose powder mass, milling yields ranged from 90 to 95 wt.%. Next, milled powders were post-heated at 873 K under dynamic high-vacuum for TiFe synthesis reaction. First hydrogen absorption was verified in situ during the cooling process of samples (until the room temperature), being the amount of hydrogen absorbed and desorbed by this samples measured by automated Sievert's apparatus, under constant hydrogen flow rate of 9 cm3. min-1 (dynamic measurements). Besides to allowing the first absorption in situ, the investigated process route also allowed the production of the non-stoichiometric TiFe compound (rich in Ti) in samples milled for shorter times (5 and 10 h), both characteristics associated with maintaining the mechanical compound activity. Each sample absorbed hydrogen at 2 MPa during the cooling process, requiring no additional thermal activation cycles, since the samples milled for shorter times (mainly for 10 h) could absorb hydrogen for the first time more easily. However, the samples milled for longer times (25 and 40 h) shown better results in terms of reversible and storage capacities (0.73 and 0.94 wt.%, respectively).

    Palavras-Chave: nanostructures; powders; titanium hydrides; iron compounds; hydrides; milling; hydrogen storage

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  • IPEN-DOC 26862

    GARCIA, PAULO R.A.F.; PRYMAK, OLEG; GRASMIK, VIKTORIA; PAPPERT, KEVIN; WLYSSES, WAGNER; OTUBO, LARISSA ; EPPLE, MATTHIAS; OLIVEIRA, CRISTIANO L.P.. An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis. Nanoscale Advances, v. 2, n. 1, p. 225-238, 2020. DOI: 10.1039/c9na00569b

    Abstract: We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters obtained from the experimental data. The evolution of the average particle size of pure and alloyed nanoparticles shows that the particle growth occurs initially by a coalescence mechanism. The later growth of pure silver nanoparticles is well described by Ostwald ripening and for the alloyed nanoparticles by a process with a significantly slower growth rate. Additionally, the SAXS data of pure silver nanoparticles revealed two major populations of nanoparticles, the first one with a continuous crystal growth to a saturation plateau, and the second one probably with a continuous emergence of small new crystals. The particle sizes obtained by SAXS agree well with the results from transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The present study demonstrates the capability of an in situ investigation of synthesis processes using a laboratory based SAXS instrument. Online monitoring of the synthesis permitted a detailed investigation of the structural evolution of the system.

    Palavras-Chave: nanoparticles; small angle scattering; x-ray diffraction; silver; bimetals; gold; monte carlo method; nanostructures; alloys

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  • IPEN-DOC 25206

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . An overview of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using radiation technologies. Nanomaterials, v. 8, n. 11, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/nano8110939

    Abstract: At a nano-level, optical properties of gold are unique and gave birth to an emerging platform of nanogold-based systems for diverse applications, because gold nanoparticle properties are tunable as a function of size and shape. Within the available techniques for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, the radiolytic synthesis allows proper control of the nucleation process without the need for reducing agents, in a single step, combined or not with simultaneous sterilization. This review details and summarizes the use of radiation technologies for the synthesis and preparation of gold nanoparticles concerning fundamental aspects, mechanism, current pathways for synthesis and radiation sources, as well as briefly outlines final applications and some toxicity aspects related to nanogold-based systems.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; gamma radiation; electron beams; x-ray sources; radiolysis; nanotechnology; medicine; diagnostic uses; ionizing radiations

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  • IPEN-DOC 27582

    LIMA, CAROLINE S.A. de ; BALOGH, TATIANA S. ; VARCA, JUSTINE P.R.O. ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. ; CAMACHO-CRUZ, LUIS A.; BUCIO, EMILIO; KADLUBOWSKI, SLAWOMIR S.. An updated review of macro, micro, and nanostructured hydrogels for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Pharmaceutics, v. 12, n. 10, p. 1-28, 2020. DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics12100970

    Abstract: Hydrogels are materials with wide applications in several fields, including the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Their properties such as the capacity of absorbing great amounts of aqueous solutions without losing shape and mechanical properties, as well as loading drugs of different nature, including hydrophobic ones and biomolecules, give an idea of their versatility and promising demand. As they have been explored in a great number of studies for years, many routes of synthesis have been developed, especially for chemical/permanent hydrogels. In the same way, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, also known as intelligent materials, have been explored too, enhancing the regulation of properties such as targeting and drug release. By controlling the particle size, hydrogel on the micro- and nanoscale have been studied likewise and have increased, even more, the possibilities for applications of the so-called XXI century materials. In this paper, we aimed to produce an overview of the recent studies concerning methods of synthesis, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications of macro-, micro, and nanogels.

    Palavras-Chave: hydrogels; drugs; synthesis; cross-linking; skin; animal tissues; gamma radiation

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  • IPEN-DOC 26762

    SIERRA, JULIAN H.; CARVALHO, DANIEL O.; SAMAD, RICARDO E. ; RANGEL, RICARDO C.; ALAYO, MARCO I.. Analysis and measurement of the non-linear refractive index of SiOxNy using pedestal waveguides. In: SYMPOSIUM ON MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY AND DEVICES, 34th, August 26-30, 2019, São Paulo, SP. Proceedings... Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/SBMicro.2019.8919392

    Abstract: In this work, the non-linear refractive index (n2) of silicon oxynitride (SiOxNy) is determined, obtaining a value for this material of n2 = 2.11×10-19 m2/W. The results demonstrate that this material has interesting properties for the development of non-linear optical devices. The paper presents in detail the waveguide fabrication process using the pedestal technique, which allows using different materials since it does not require etching to define the sidewalls of the waveguides. We show the results of the measurement of the n2 employing the non-linear optical phenomena of Self-Phase Modulation (SPM).

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A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.

Exemplo:

Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, bibl@ipen.br .

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Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).

ATENÇÃO!

ESTE TEXTO "AJUDA" ESTÁ SUJEITO A ATUALIZAÇÕES CONSTANTES, A MEDIDA QUE NOVAS FUNCIONALIDADES E RECURSOS DE BUSCA FOREM SENDO DESENVOLVIDOS PELAS EQUIPES DA BIBLIOTECA E DA INFORMÁTICA.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.


2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.