INSTITUTO DE PESQUISAS ENERGÉTICAS E NUCLEARES
Repositório Digital da Produção Técnico Científica

BibliotecaTerezine Arantes Ferraz

Navegação IPEN por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

Navegação IPEN por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

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  • IPEN-DOC 26393

    FERREIRA, EDUARDO G.A. ; MARUMO, JULIO T. ; FRANCO, MARGARETH K.K.D. ; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; VICENTE, ROBERTO . 10000 years cement: Can hydrated cement last as much as long-lived radionuclides?. Cement and Concrete Composites, v. 103, p. 339-352, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2019.05.016

    Abstract: This review is focused on the long-term performance of cementitious materials in a repository for radioactive waste. During the last few years, the disposal of disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) in a borehole type repository has been studied by many countries. The borehole concept is particularly useful to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and DSRS. In boreholes for DSRS, cementitious materials are intended to be used as structural material, immobilization matrix and as backfill. The understanding of the performance of these materials is essential to ensure the safety of the facilities during their required lifetime, from centuries to many thousands of years, depending on the initial activity and half-life of the waste. This review approaches the behavior of the cement from the hydration and hardening to the long-term processes that can affect its durability. Three main causes of failure of repository-engineered barriers are recognized: a) the formation of a preferential pathway for the migration of the contained radionuclides to the biosphere; b) loss of resistance and cohesion of the structural cementitious material; and c) the increase in the corrosion processes of the metallic components of the structures that affect the overall containment of the facility.

    Palavras-Chave: cements; cement industry; portland cement; radioactive wastes; geologic formations; underground disposal; performance; chemical composition; mineralogy; radiations; magnetic fields; hydration

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  • IPEN-DOC 23152

    BERECZKI, ALLAN ; WETTER, NIKLAUS U. . 100W continuous linearly polarized, high beam quality output from standard side-pumped Nd:YAG laser modules. Optics and Laser Technology, v. 96, p. 271-275, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.05.020

    Abstract: Dynamically stable operation with joined stability zones of a linearly polarized resonator is shown for a laser containing two diode side-pumped Nd:YAG rods. The unpolarized resonator generated 115W of output. When polarized by a Brewster plate, it reached 100.5W of output power at a beam quality M2 < 2. Best measured beam quality was of 1.1 and 1.3 in the x and y directions respectively, with 76W of 95% polarized output. The output power achieved is, to our knowledge, the highest reported for continuous polarized, fundamental-mode lasers using standard side-pumped Nd:YAG modules.

    Palavras-Chave: neodymium lasers; lasers; resonators; solid state lasers; temperature dependence; diode-pumped solid state lasers; beams; quality factor

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  • IPEN-DOC 26398

    PAPAI, RODRIGO; FREITAS, MILLENA A.S. de; FONSECA, KARINA T. da; ALMEIDA, GILMAR A. de ; SILVEIRA, JOÃO R.F. da; SILVA, ANDRE L.N. da; FERREIRA NETO, JOÃO B.; SANTOS, CELIA A.L. dos; LANDGRAF, FERNANDO J.G.; LUZ, MACIEL S.. Additivity of optical emissions applied to neodymium and praseodymium quantification in metallic didymium and (Nd,Pr)-Fe-B alloy samples by low-resolution atomic emission spectrometry: an evaluation of the mathematical approach used to solve spectral interferences. Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 1085, p. 21-28, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.07.049

    Abstract: In this work, the effectiveness of a mathematical approach to solve the spectral interferences involved in the optical emission of two chemical species (neodymium and praseodymium) when using monochromators with low-resolution in atomic spectrometry is evaluated. Although recent technological advances have promoted spectrometers equipped with high-resolution monochromators, which have a great instrumental capability in the separation of nearby lines and consequently avoid spectral interferences, many laboratories still have old spectrometers installed with insufficient resolution to overcome such interferences. In order to evaluate a mathematical approach based on Lambert-Beer's Law, the optical emissions of neodymium and praseodymium were monitored on a low-resolution (200 pm) flame atomic emission spectrometry (F-AES). These two elements were strategically chosen as an application model because they exhibit similar physicochemical properties, joint occurrence in nature and because they are increasingly used in the manufacture of super-magnets, a material increasingly required by the high technology industry. The effectiveness of the mathematical approach was evaluated in three different ways: (i) by recovery of the analytes in synthetic mixtures containing known quantities of the species; (ii) by spike and recovery trials on a representative blend of dissolved samples and (iii) by comparing the results obtained with another analytical method: Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with a higher spectral resolution. The results indicate the effectiveness of this simple mathematical approach, allow the “survival” of instruments equipped with low-resolution monochromators and demonstrate the applicability of this approach to spectral correction. In addition, this work contributes an analytical method for the quantification of neodymium and praseodymium in metallic alloy samples involved in the production of super-magnets, aiding in the strict quality control of these materials.

    Palavras-Chave: additives; emission; absorption spectroscopy; neodymium; praseodymium; spectra; interference; atoms

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  • IPEN-DOC 26077

    ANA, PATRICIA A.; PEREIRA, DAISA de L. ; FERREIRA, ELIZABETE dos S.; FIGUEREDO, DANIELA C.; DAGUANO, JULIANA K.F.B.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Advances in the prevention and monitoring of root dentin demineralization using lasers. In: SBFOTON INTERNATIONAL OPTICS AND PHOTONICS CONFERENCE, October 7-9, 2019, São Paulo, SP. Proceedings... 2019.

    Abstract: The increase in the life expectancy and the longer permanence of the teeth in the oral cavity also led to an augment in the prevalence of root caries lesions. These lesions require more attention because of their rapid progression and difficulty in early diagnosis and monitoring. In this context, the irradiation of the tissues with high intensity lasers has been shown as an important way for preventing lesion formation because lasers chemically modify the irradiated dental hard tissues and make them more resistant to acid challenge. In addition, the association with ceramic biomaterials may allow additional remineralizing results. Together with therapeutics, the effective early diagnosis of incipient lesions is indispensable. Techniques that use lasers, such as optical coherence tomography, have also been promising in this aspect because they allow the early diagnosis and monitoring of demineralizations with high resolution and in a non-detrimental way. This article aims to show the actions of high intensity laser therapies when associated or not with biomaterials, on the prevention and remineralization of root caries lesions, as well as the effectiveness of optical coherence tomography in the diagnosis and monitoring the effects of the treatments in these lesions.

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  • IPEN-DOC 27164

    BENALCAZAR JALKH, E.B.; BERGAMO, E.T.P.; MONTEIRO, K.N.; CESAR, P.F.; GENOVA, L.A. ; LOPES, A.C.O.; LISBOA FILHO, P.N.; COELHO, P.G.; SANTOS, C.F.; BORTOLIN, F.; PIZA, M.M.T.; BONFANTE, E.A.. Aging resistance of an experimental zirconia-toughened alumina composite for large span dental prostheses: optical and mechanical characterization. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, v. 104, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.103659

    Abstract: Purpose: To synthesize a zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 85% alumina matrix reinforced by 15% zirconia and to characterize its optical and mechanical properties before and after artificial aging, to be compared with a conventional dental zirconia (3Y-TZP). Material and methods: After syntheses, ZTA and 3Y-TZP powders were uniaxially and isostatically pressed. Greenbody samples were sintered and polished to obtain 80 disc-shaped specimens per group (12 x 1 mm, ISO 6872:2015). The crystalline content and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Optical properties were determined by the calculation of contrast ratio (CR) and translucency parameter (TP) using reflectance data. Mechanical properties were assessed by Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and biaxial flexural strength test (BFS). All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20h, 134 °C, 0.22 MPa). Optical parameters and microhardness differences were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results: The synthesis of the experimental ZTA composite was successful, with 98% of theoretical density, as shown in the SEM images. XRD patterns revealed typical zirconia and alumina crystalline phases. ZTA optical properties parameters showed no effect of aging, with a high CR and low TP values denoting a high maskingability. 3Y-TZP presented lower masking-ability and aging significantly affected its optical properties. ZTA Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and Weibull parameters, including characteristic stress and Weibull modulus were not influenced by aging, while 3Y-TZP presented a significant decrease in characteristic stress and increase in fracture toughness after aging. The ZTA probability of survival for missions of 300 and 500 MPa was estimated at ~99% validating its use for 3-unit posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP), and no different from conventional 3Y-TZP. At high-stress mission (800 MPa) a significant decrease in probability of survival was observed for aged 3Y-TZP (84%) and for immediate and aged ZTA (73 and 82% respectively). Conclusion: The ZTA composite presented a dense microstructure, with preservation of the crystalline content, optical and mechanical properties after artificial aging, which encourages future research to validate its potential use for large span FDP.

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  • IPEN-DOC 27560

    JALKH, ERNESTO B.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; LOPES, ADOLFO C. de O.; LIMA, ERICK; LISBOA-FILHO, PAULO N.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; WITEK, LUKASZ; COELHO, PAULO G.; BORGES, ANA F.S.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Aging resistant ZTA composite for dental applications: microstructural, optical and mechanical characterization. Dental Materials, v. 36, n. 9, p. 1190-1200, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2020.05.011

    Abstract: Objective. To synthesize a zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 70% aluminareinforced by 30% zirconia for dental applications and to characterize its microstructureand optical properties for comparison with the isolated counterpart materials and a first-generation 3Y-TZP.Methods. Disc-shaped specimens were divided in four groups (n = 70/material): (1) 3YSB-E(first generation 3Y-TZP), (2) Zpex (second generation 3Y-TZP), (3) alumina, and (4) ZTA-Zpex70/30. After synthesis, ceramic powders were pressed, and green-body samples sinteredfollowing a predetermined protocol. Specimens were polished to obtain a mirror surfacefinish. Apparent density was measured by Archimedes principle. X-ray diffraction (XRD)and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the crystalline contentand microstructure. Reflectance tests were performed to determine the contrast-ratio (CR)and translucency-parameter (TP). Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexuralstrength (BFS) test. All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20 h, 134◦C, 2.2 bar). Optical parameters were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results. High density values (95–99%) were found for all ceramic materials and SEM images exhibited a dense microstructure. While XRD patterns revealed the preservation of crys- talline content in the ZTA composite, an increase in the monoclinic peak was observed for pure zirconias after aging. Significantly higher CR and lower TP values were observed for the ZTA composite, followed by alumina, 3YSB-E, and Zpex. The highest characteristic stress was recorded for 3YSB-E, followed by intermediate values between ZTA and Zpex, and the lowest for alumina. Aging affected the optical and mechanical properties of both zirconias, while remained stable for ZTA composite and alumina. Significance. The synthesis of experimental 70−30% ZTA composite was successful and its relevance for dental applications relies on its higher masking ability, aging resistance, and strength similar to zirconia.

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  • IPEN-DOC 26399

    ROVANI, SUZIMARA ; SANTOS, JONNATAN J.; CORIO, PAOLA; FUNGARO, DENISE A. . An alternative and simple method for the preparation of bare silica nanoparticles using sugarcane waste ash, an abundant and despised residue in the Brazilian industry. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 30, n. 7, p. 1524-1533, 2019. DOI: 10.21577/0103-5053.20190049

    Abstract: Sugarcane waste ash, a Si-rich waste product, is generated in large quantities and creates a serious disposal problem in the Brazilian ethanol-sugar industry, affecting the environment and public health. Here, a simple method capable of generating bare silica nanoparticles utilizing this residue is demonstrated. Firstly, the crystalline silica present in sugarcane waste ash (SWA) was converted into amorphous by melting a mixture of sodium hydroxide and SWA at 550 °C for 1 h. The silica nanoparticles (SiO2NPs) were formed by lowing pH. This production process of SiO2NPs from SWA was optimized varying the ash:NaOH mass ratio, increasing the silica extraction up to 96%. The sample’s composition was characterized by total X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, morphology and physical-chemical properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction, specific surface area measurements, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), followed by use as adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye. With this process of extraction, nanoparticles smaller than 100 nm were generated, with a surface area of 63 m2 g-1 and a maximum adsorption capacity of 37 mg g-1 for methylene blue. The results indicate a successful process for obtaining an adsorbent from an industrial waste product using a cost effective and rapid synthesis procedure rendering renewable product.

    Palavras-Chave: sugar cane; wastes; adsorbents; silica; nanoparticles; ethanol fuels; ashes; sodium hydroxides; agriculture; agricultural wastes

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  • IPEN-DOC 26862

    GARCIA, PAULO R.A.F.; PRYMAK, OLEG; GRASMIK, VIKTORIA; PAPPERT, KEVIN; WLYSSES, WAGNER; OTUBO, LARISSA ; EPPLE, MATTHIAS; OLIVEIRA, CRISTIANO L.P.. An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis. Nanoscale Advances, v. 2, n. 1, p. 225-238, 2020. DOI: 10.1039/c9na00569b

    Abstract: We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters obtained from the experimental data. The evolution of the average particle size of pure and alloyed nanoparticles shows that the particle growth occurs initially by a coalescence mechanism. The later growth of pure silver nanoparticles is well described by Ostwald ripening and for the alloyed nanoparticles by a process with a significantly slower growth rate. Additionally, the SAXS data of pure silver nanoparticles revealed two major populations of nanoparticles, the first one with a continuous crystal growth to a saturation plateau, and the second one probably with a continuous emergence of small new crystals. The particle sizes obtained by SAXS agree well with the results from transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The present study demonstrates the capability of an in situ investigation of synthesis processes using a laboratory based SAXS instrument. Online monitoring of the synthesis permitted a detailed investigation of the structural evolution of the system.

    Palavras-Chave: nanoparticles; small angle scattering; x-ray diffraction; silver; bimetals; gold; monte carlo method; nanostructures; alloys

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  • IPEN-DOC 25206

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . An overview of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using radiation technologies. Nanomaterials, v. 8, n. 11, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/nano8110939

    Abstract: At a nano-level, optical properties of gold are unique and gave birth to an emerging platform of nanogold-based systems for diverse applications, because gold nanoparticle properties are tunable as a function of size and shape. Within the available techniques for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, the radiolytic synthesis allows proper control of the nucleation process without the need for reducing agents, in a single step, combined or not with simultaneous sterilization. This review details and summarizes the use of radiation technologies for the synthesis and preparation of gold nanoparticles concerning fundamental aspects, mechanism, current pathways for synthesis and radiation sources, as well as briefly outlines final applications and some toxicity aspects related to nanogold-based systems.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; gamma radiation; electron beams; x-ray sources; radiolysis; nanotechnology; medicine; diagnostic uses; ionizing radiations

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  • IPEN-DOC 26762

    SIERRA, JULIAN H.; CARVALHO, DANIEL O.; SAMAD, RICARDO E. ; RANGEL, RICARDO C.; ALAYO, MARCO I.. Analysis and measurement of the non-linear refractive index of SiOxNy using pedestal waveguides. In: SYMPOSIUM ON MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY AND DEVICES, 34th, August 26-30, 2019, São Paulo, SP. Proceedings... Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, 2019. DOI: 10.1109/SBMicro.2019.8919392

    Abstract: In this work, the non-linear refractive index (n2) of silicon oxynitride (SiOxNy) is determined, obtaining a value for this material of n2 = 2.11×10-19 m2/W. The results demonstrate that this material has interesting properties for the development of non-linear optical devices. The paper presents in detail the waveguide fabrication process using the pedestal technique, which allows using different materials since it does not require etching to define the sidewalls of the waveguides. We show the results of the measurement of the n2 employing the non-linear optical phenomena of Self-Phase Modulation (SPM).

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  • IPEN-DOC 27533

    RABELO, THAIS F. ; ZEZELL, DENISE MARIA . Análise in vitro dos efeitos da radiação ionizante sobre o esmalte dental, cimento resinoso e facetas laminadas de porcelana. In: PROGRAMA INSTITUCIONAL DE BOLSAS DE INICIAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA; SEMINÁRIO ANUAL PIBIC, 26.; SEMINÁRIO ANUAL PROBIC, 17.; SEMINÁRIO ANUAL PIBITI, 10., 16-17 de dezembro, 2020, Online. Resumo expandido... São Paulo, SP: IPEN-CNEN/SP, 2020. p. 91-92.

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  • IPEN-DOC 26133

    ABREU, RODRIGO T. ; ANGELOCCI, LUCAS V. ; NOGUEIRA, BEATRIZ R. ; SANTOS, HAMONA N. dos ; ZEITUNI, CARLOS A. ; ROSTELATO, MARIA E.C.M. . Anisotropy function of a new 192-Ir brachytherapy source. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 175-185.

    Abstract: Brachytherapy is a type of radiotherapy that uses radioactive sources (seeds, wires, among others) close to the tumor. Is important to provide a detailed description of seed dosimetry, so only the tumor will be irradiated avoiding unnecessary dose on adjacent organs and structures. To evaluate the dosimetric parameter of the anisotropy function for a new brachytherapy source, this work proposes the use of microcube TLD-100 dosimeters to find the dose rate using the AAPM Task Group 43 protocol (TG-43). The anisotropy function represents dose distribution around the source and has a major role for characterization of a new iridium source being implemented in Brazil. The value of D(r,θ) was measured using Solid Water phantoms, r value being the distance from the geometric center of the source to the position of the dosimeter on the phantom, and θ being the angle formed between the longitudinal axis of the source and the line connecting the geometric center to the TLD. Monte Carlo calculations were performed to evaluate the anisotropy function to validate the experimental measurements. For each distance value (r), an anisotropy function was plotted (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 10.0 cm). The results obtained with Monte Carlo calculations agreed ±2% with the experimental values for r greater than 3.0 cm, so these results show a good distribution of dose around the seed considering the high energy of 192-Ir (average of 380 KeV) and encapsulation thickness.

    Palavras-Chave: anisotropy; brachytherapy; dose rates; dosimetry; iridium 192; monte carlo method; phantoms; radiation dose distributions; radiation source implants; sealed sources; thermoluminescent dosemeters

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  • IPEN-DOC 24876

    OLIANI, WASHINGTON L. ; PARRA, DUCLERC F. ; KOMATSU, LUIZ G.H. ; LINCOPAN, NILTON; RANGARI, VIJAYA K.; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . Antibacterial effect of silver incorporated polyethylene blown film for active packaging use. In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE POLIMEROS, 14., 22-26 de outubro, 2017, Águas de Lindóia, SP. Anais... 2017. p. 2433-2437.

    Abstract: Food packaging is used to maintain the quality and safety of food products during storage and transportation, and to extend the shelf-life of food products. This is done by preventing unfavourable factors or conditions such as oxygen, light, moisture, spoilage microorganisms, chemical contaminants, mechanical resistance, etc. To be able to do so, packaging materials provide physical protection and also create the proper physicochemical conditions for each product necessary to obtain adequate shelf life and maintain food quality and safety. We report the preparation of polyethylene blown films containing silver nanoparticles by using the ultrasound technique. The silver nitrate was mixed with the surfactant oleic acid (AO) and sonicated for 30 minutes. This solution was mixed with polyethylene using a rotary mixer for 12 hours. Nanocomposites of low density polyethylene (LDPE) with linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) blends and silver nanoparticles were prepared under melt in a twin screw extruder, using PE-g-MA as compatibilizer agent, ethylene graft maleic anhydride copolymer. The films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), percentage reduction of colony-forming units (CFU). The bacterial effect of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were assessed in detail.

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  • IPEN-DOC 25738

    ROVANI, S. ; MEDEIROS, L.F.; LIMA, E.C.; FERNANDES, A.N.. Application of biochar from agro‑industrial waste in solid‑phase extraction for the determination of 17β‑estradiol from aqueous solution. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, n. 12, p. 7623-7630, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02295-6

    Observação: Correction anexado. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, p. 7631, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02433-0

    Abstract: In this study, the biochar produced from coffee wastes and eucalyptus sawdust was employed as an adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the determination of 17β-estradiol from aqueous solution. Parameters such as adsorbent mass, solvent type, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and the cartridge reuse were evaluated. The best experimental conditions for solid-phase extraction concerning adsorbent mass, elution solvent, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and cartridge reuse were established. The most suitable conditions for 1.0-mL cartridge were: mass of 50 mg, elution solvent 5.0 mL of acetonitrile/water 90:10 (v:v), 0.003 mol L−1 NaCl concentration, and 17β-estradiol solution volume 50.0 mL. The solid-phase extraction results showed that, although 17β-estradiol recovery was about 60%, the removal efficiency was 100% and the cartridges of 200 and 500 mg can be reused eight and four times, respectively, without any decrease in adsorption capacity. The results demonstrate the potential use of biochar as new adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the removal of estrogens in aqueous solution.

    Palavras-Chave: charcoal; wood fuels; solid wastes; adsorbents; hormones; estradiol; agriculture; agricultural wastes

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  • IPEN-DOC 26141

    COTIS, DÉBORA S.; MARQUES, LEILA S.; FIGUEIREDO, ANA M.G. ; CORVAL, ARTUR; VALENTE, SÉRGIO C.. Application of neutron activation analysis to the study of low-titanium tholeiitic dykes of the Serra do Mar Swarm (RJ). In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 330-343.

    Abstract: The tholeiitic dykes of the Serra do Mar Swarm (SMS) outcrop along the coast of the São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states (Southeastern Brazil), spreading over the Rio Paraiba Valley. Previous studies carried out in such dykes showed that they are related to the tectonic and magmatic processes that took place during the South Atlantic Ocean opening and gave rise to the Paraná Magmatic Province (PMP). The dykes are vertical to subvertical and preferentially NE-SW trending, with thicknesses ranging from centimeters to tens of meters. Most of the SMS intrusive rocks have relatively high concentrations of TiO2 (>3wt%), except for occurrences in the Região dos Lagos (Costa Azul Suite), as well as around Nova Friburgo Town (Serrana Suite), where they are characterized by basic rocks with low TiO2 (<2wt%) contents, whose genesis are still not completely understood. Therefore, a detailed study is being carried out in rocks of the Suite Serrana, with the determination of the concentrations of the rare earth (REE: La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb, and Lu) and other trace (Ta, Th, U, Hf, Cs, Sc, and Co) elements by instrumental neutron (thermal and epithermal) activation analysis, which has accuracy and precision required for petrogenetic studies. The data obtained so far show a substantial enrichment of highly incompatible trace elements (light REE, Th and U) and a remarkable geochemical similarity with the low-TiO2 basaltic flows of Gramado type found in southern PMP, suggesting important processes of crustal contamination during the genesis of the investigated dykes.

    Palavras-Chave: elements; geology; igneous rocks; neutron activation analysis; radioisotopes; titanium; trace amounts; brazil

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  • IPEN-DOC 23215

    VILLANI, DANIEL; MANCINI, ANSELMO; HADDAD, CECILIA M.K.; CAMPOS, LETICIA L. . Application of optically stimulated luminescence ‘nanoDot’ dosimeters for dose verification of VMAT treatment planning using an anthropomorphic stereotactic end-to-end verification phantom. Radiation Measurements, p. 1-5, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.03.027

    Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate the performance of the commercial OSL Landauer InLight System to be applied in dosimetric measurements in a Volumetric Modulated Arc (VMAT) brain tumor planning treatment using a Stereotactic End-To-End Verification Phantom Patient (STEEV™ – CIRS), comparing its results with CaSO4:Dy TLD pellets manufactured and marketed by the Laboratory of Dosimetric Materials/IPEN, PTW PinPoint™ ion chamber and Eclipse 10.0 planning system. The results of commercial InLight™ System using the nanoDot dosimeters showed good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and clinical measurements. The experimental dose values obtained by all dosimetric techniques varied less than ±1.0% from prescribed by Eclipse 10.0. The intrinsic precision and uncertainty of the OSL reading device were found fair enough, providing good experimental results for VMAT dosimetry.

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  • IPEN-DOC 24306

    ANTONIO, PATRICIA L. ; CALDAS, LINDA V.E. . Applying the TSEE technique to Spectrolite and Opal pellets irradiated with high doses of gamma radiation. Radiation Measurements, v. 106, n. SI, p. 538-542, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.04.014

    Abstract: Spectrolite + Teflon and Opal + Teflon pellets were studied in this work in relation to their dosimetric properties, using the thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE) phenomenon. The purpose of this work was to study these materials to be used in high-dose dosimetry of Co-60 irradiators, which are employed for several industrial applications. The basic physical principle of this technique is the emission of low energy electrons from the surface of different crystalS. For this reason, it is very employed in work with specially radiation sources of low penetrating power, as alpha and beta radiation, but also with gamma sources. Both materials had already their dosimettic chatacteristics verified in previous works after exposure to high doses of a Co-60 source and measurements by means of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques. The TSEE response was investigated in terms of the following tests: TSEE emission curves, reproducibility, minimum detectable doses and dose-response curves.

    Palavras-Chave: cobalt 60; crystals; dosimetry; exoelectrons; gamma radiation; gamma sources; irradiation; opals; pellets; radiation doses; silicates; teflon; thermoluminescence

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  • IPEN-DOC 26766

    LIMA, CASSIO A. ; CORREA, LUCIANA; BYRNE, HUGH J.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Assessing the spectrochemical signatures of skin components using FTIR microspectroscopy. In: QUINCY BROWN, J. (Ed.); VAN LEEUWEN, TON G. (Ed.) EUROPEAN CONFERENCES ON BIOMEDICAL OPTICS, June 23-27, 2019, Munich, Germany. Proceedings... Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE, 2019. p. 110730S-1 - 110730S-3. (Proceedings of SPIE-OSA Vol. 11073, Clinical and Preclinical Optical Diagnostics II). DOI: 10.1117/12.2527137

    Abstract: Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is a label-free analytical technique used to evaluate the chemical profile of a sample based on its molecular vibrations. The potential dermatological applications of FTIR spectroscopy has been well demonstrated over the past decades through many proof-of-concept studies evaluating cancerous and non-cancerous cutaneous diseases. Considering that the correctly identification of skin components plays an important role in the study of cutaneous diseases, the present study aims to evaluate the spectrochemical signatures of dermis and epidermis based on the pixels of a FTIR hyperspectral image collected from healthy skin.

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  • IPEN-DOC 27450

    AMARAL, M.M.; DEL-VALLE, M.; RAELE, M.P. ; PRETTO, L.R. de ; ANA, P.A.. Assessment of osteoporosis through laser speckle imaging: an in vitro model. In: BRAZILIAN CONGRESS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 27th, October 26-30, 2020, Vitória, ES. Abstract... Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica, 2020. p. 66-67.

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  • IPEN-DOC 25613

    CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. de ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; MORAIS, MYCHEL R.P.T.; ZORN, TELMA M.T.. ATR-FTIR spectral monitoring of burn wound healing in skin by hierarchical cluster. In: ENCONTRO DE OUTONO, 41., 06-11 de maio, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Física, 2018. p. 1-1.

    Abstract: Efficient biochemical characterization of burn wound healing stages can improve clinical routine to adjust the patient treatment. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy coupled with Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR-FTIR) is an analytical technique that has potential capability to provide spectral biomarkers in biological material. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of using ATR-FTIR to classify burned skin, to be able, in the future, to follow the regenerative process in patients. Wistar rat burn tissues were evaluated by ATRFTIR spectroscopy at 3, 7, 14, 21 days after burn and compared with the healthy group samples (H). For the acquisition of one spectrum, 150 scans were averaged with a resolution of 4 cm-1 and wavenumbers ranging from 4000 to 400 cm-1. Analysis of the spectra was performed using MatLab R2017a (MathWorks, EUA) software. The fingerprint region between 900 to 1800 cm-1 was separated and normalized by amide I band area. For smoothing purpose, spectra were submitted to Savitzky-Golay filter with a polynomial of second order in a fifteen points window. All spectra data were submitted to the hierarchical cluster using the single method and standardized Euclidean distance. The classification results demonstrated separation to non-wounded groups with an accuracy of 91,8% (H vs. 3D), 87,83% (H vs. 7D) and 97,96% (H vs. 14D). Interestingly, when the results from the healthy group were compared to the 21D group, the accuracy dissimilarity was 26%, which suggests that they are chemically similar implying that after 21 days the burned lesions are entirely recovered. These findings indicate that when an adequate multivariate method is applied, ATR-FTIR is suitable to detect the wounded and non-wounded skin as well as its healing stages. In this way, it is possible to conclude that ATR-FTIR can be an auxiliary analysis for the clinical routine for skin burn wound healing.

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