Navegação IPEN por ano de publicação "2018"

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  • IPEN-DOC 25649

    PIVA, AMANDA M. da; TRIBST, JOAO P.; GONDIM, LAISA D.; RIBEIRO, ISABELLA L.; CAMPOS, FERNANDA; ARATA, ANELYSE ; SOUZA, RODRIGO O.. Y-TZP surface behavior under two different milling systems and three different accelerated aging protocols. Minerva Stomatologica, v. 67, n. 6, p. 237-245, 2018. DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.18.04138-9

    Abstract: BACKGROUND: To evaluate the influence of aging and milling system on zirconia surface roughness (SR) and phase transformation. METHODS: Eighty crowns were divided in two groups according to yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (Y-TZP) ceramic milling system (CAD-Neodent or MAD-Zirkonzahn). The crowns were submitted to different aging protocols (N.= 10): 1) no aging; 2) autoclaving; 3) pH cycling; or 4) thermocycling. Next, the samples were submitted to an optical profilometry analysis to determine differences in the SR (mu m). An X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) was performed to quantify the percentage of monoclinic phase transformation. SR data was analyzed by two-way ANOVA (alpha=0.5%). RESULTS: Aging protocol (P=0.42) and milling system (P=0.08) had no influence on the SR. However, the number of monoclinic phases was influenced by the autoclaving and pH cycling. CONCLUSIONS: The surface roughness of zirconia-based crowns was not influenced by low temperature degradation or milling system. Regarding the phase transformation, autoclaving and pH-cycling aging presented a monoclinic phase increase when compared to the control group and thermocycled groups.

    Palavras-Chave: teeth; surface properties; dentistry; milling; yttrium; yttrium oxides; zirconium oxides; implants; biological recovery; ceramics; x-ray diffractometers; computer codes; computer-aided design; computer-aided manufacturing; manufacturing; autoclaves


  • IPEN-DOC 25567

    MANARAO, D.S.; CORDEIRO, G.L. ; TERTULIANO, A.J.O.; MACHADO, I.F.; LAZAR, D.R.R. ; USSUI, V. ; CESAR, P.F.. Y-TZP reinforced with reduced graphene oxide: evaluation of processing conditions. Dental Materials, v. 34, Suppl. 1, p. e72-e73, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/

    Abstract: Purpose/aim: To develop a processing method for yttrium stabilized zirconia pollycrystal (YTZP) reinforced with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and to verify the effect of rGO concentration on hardness and fracture toughness of the material. Materials and methods: The composite production included several steps: (a) synthesis of Y-TZP powder by coprecipitation route, (b) synthesis of graphene oxide from chemical exfoliation of graphite (modified Hummer’s method) followed by reduction with ascorbic acid, (c) sonication of reduced graphene oxide in Y-TZP suspension followed by drying (d) uniaxial pressing in metal device with diameter of 5mm and (e) sintering in a conventional tubular furnace (Argon/4%hydrogen atmosphere) or spark plasma sintering (SPS). The concentration of rGO in Y-TZP was fixed between 0.01 and 2.0 wt%. Sintered samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, density measurements, and Vickers method for hardness and fracture toughness determination (indentation fracture). Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey’s test with global significance level of 5%. Results: Results (Table 1) showed that the procedure stablished for dispersion of rGO in the Y-TZP resulted in good physical homogeneity of rGO and Y-TZP. Regarding the sintering procedure, it was observed that conventional sintering in a controlled atmosphere was not effective for ceramic densification due to microcrack formation at the ceramic surface. For conventional sintering, the hardness obtained for the rGO concentration of 2% was significantly lower than those obtained for all other concentrations, however, for this processing method, fracture toughness was not affected by rGO concentration. For SPS, both fracture toughness and hardness were affected by rGO concentration, with the lowest hardness mean value measured for the concentration of 0.05% and the lowest fracture toughness value measured for specimens with addition of 0.01% of rGO. Conclusions: The production of the composite Y-TZP/rGO was proved possible, and sintering via spark plasma resulted in higher mechanical properties of the composite material compared to conventional sintering. rGO concentration affected the hardness of the composite for both processing methods (conventional and SPS), however fracture toughness was only affected by rGO concentration for specimens processed via SPS.


  • IPEN-DOC 25470

    SOLANO, A.; ARATA, A. ; LIMA, N.B. ; USSUI, V. ; LAZAR, D.R.R. . Y-TZP dental ceramics: Sintering process improvement using microwave energy. In: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON CERAMICS, 7th; CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE CERÂMICA, 62., June 17-21, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Abstract... 2018. p. 122-122.

    Abstract: Conventional sintering techniques of yttria-tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) ceramics have presented limitations regarding the sintering time and temperature, increasing the cost of the final dental and biomedical products. Herein, microwave sintering comes to be an interesting alternative by providing fast heating, high densification and grain size control, decreasing the total time to produce the ceramic. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of microwave sintering of a pre-sintered commercial dental Y-TZP ceramic and a Y-TZP produced from powders synthesized in a laboratory scale by the copreciptation route. Densification, fracture toughness, grain size and crystalline phase quantification of sintered samples were evaluated. The synthetized and commercial (Vita Zahnfabrik, Germany) groups were submitted to 1450 °C and 1350 °C sintering temperature for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. Both groups sintered at 1450°C for 15 minutes and 30 minutes showed the higher densification results (98% concerning to theoretical density). All the samples sintered at 1350 °C achieved 96TD% independent of the sintering time. XRD quantitative phase analysis indicates that samples are formed by 89% tetragonal and 11% cubic phases (0,833 standard deviation), except for the group prepared from coprecipitated powders sintered at 1450oC for 30 minutes, that presented 79% and 21% of tetragonal and cubic phases, respectively. Therefore, microwave sintering allows the preparation of dense ceramics with high tetragonal phase content. The sintering time and temperature induced differences at the Y-TZP microstructure.


  • IPEN-DOC 26039

    FRIMAIO, AUDREW ; NASCIMENTO, BRUNA C.; BARRIO, RAMON M.M.; CAMPOS, LETICIA L. ; COSTA, PAULO R.. X-ray spectrometry applied for determination of linear attenuation coefficient of tissue-equivalent materials. In: RUBIO, MARCELO (Ed.); TIRAO, GERMAN (Ed.) INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON RADIATION PHYSICS, 14th, October 7-11, 2018, Córdoba, Argentina. Abstract... Córdoba: Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos, 2018. p. 207-207.


  • IPEN-DOC 24703

    AMARAL, MARCELLO M.; RAELE, MARCUS P. ; ANA, PATRICIA A.; NUNEZ, SILVIA C.; ZAMATARO, CLAUDIA B. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Wavelength comparison for laser induced breakdown spectroscopy caries detection. In: RECHMANN, PETER (Ed.); FRIED, DANIEL (Ed.) LASERS IN DENTISTRY, 24th, January 27 - February 01, 2018, San Francisco, California, USA. Proceedings... Bellingham, WA, USA: Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2018. p. 104730K-1 - 104730K-6. (SPIE Proceedings Series, 10473). DOI: 10.1117/12.2288373

    Abstract: Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a technique capable to perform elemental analyses of a variety of samples, independent of matter state. Other spectroscopy techniques may require a destructive and time-consuming sample preparation. On the other hand, LIBS is a less destructive technique with no (or considerably less) sample preparation, using a relatively simple experimental setup. LIBS also provides a multielement analysis into one single spectrum acquisition, applying a Nd:YAG short-pulsed laser to ensure the stoichiometry between the sample and the generated plasma. LIBS have been applied on the study of carious lesions using a Nd:YAG into its fundamental emission at 1064 nm. It was shown that ratio of P/Ca and Zn/Ca can be used to monitor the cariogenic process. Another minor elements, e.g. C and Cu, associated with bacteria biofilm were also measured with the Nd:YAG laser. The fundamental wavelength emission (1064 nm) of Nd:YAG is coincident with a hydroxyapatite transmission window and it may affect the result. In order to address this issue a study used the second harmonic of the Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm. It was show that it is also possible perform LIBS on carious lesion using the Nd:YAG at 532 nm. However, there is not a work direct comparing the LIBS at 532 nm and 1064 nm for carious lesion detection. So, the aim of this work was to investigate the influence of laser wavelength on the LIBS performance for carious lesion detection. In both cases the carious lesion was detected with the advantage of no interference with hydroxyapatite at 532 nm.


  • IPEN-DOC 25556

    GONÇALVES, G.M. ; LIMA, G.N.S. ; MACEDO, M.V. ; ORTIZ, N. . Water removal of oxytetracycline using titanium dioxide/solar photodecomposition and biocarbon adsorption. In: BIOCHAR, August 20-23, 2018, Wilmington, Delaware, USA. Abstract... 2018.

    Abstract: Oxytetracycline (OTC) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with efficacy against infections, high solubility in water and used both in veterinary and human medicine, primarily in poultry and livestock, but also for human consumption. Nowadays Brazil is the higher protein producer in the world, and the agribusiness is the strongest economy sector in the country. The OTC use is increasing in veterinary medicine and also its detection in surface water resources and sewage treatment effluents. The conventional water treatment processes have to improve to enhance the pharmaceuticals removal efficiency. The occurrence of OTC in the natural environment can affect the selection of genetic variants of resistant microorganisms, inducing a risk to the ecosystem and human health. The experiments started with the dilution of standard oxytetracycline solution. They solutions were preheating before the addition of TiO2 and kept in a solar radiation chamber during 120 minutes. The addition of micronized biocarbon (diameter < 500 mesh) in all collected suspension aliquots followed by shaking, and centrifugation at 1500 rpm for 15 minutes allows the supernatants OCT measurements at UV – Visible Spectrophotometer Cary 13 at λ = 268 nm and 373 nm. The absorbance values were converted to antibiotics concentration using an analytical curve prepared with standard antibiotics solutions. After the processes optimization, the OCT removal percentage reached 95%with pseudo-second-order kinetics and better isotherm agreement with Langmuir R2= 0.689 and Redlich-Peterson with R2 = 0.738.


  • IPEN-DOC 25069

    BORTOLETTO, DAIANA R.; LIMA, CASSIO A. ; ZEZELL, DENISE ; SATO, ERIKA T.; MARTINHO, H.. Vibrational spectra calculation of squamous cell carcinoma in the amide band region. Vibrational Spectroscopy, v. 97, p. 135-139, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.vibspec.2018.06.007

    Abstract: Alterations in the amide (1500–1700 cm−1) spectral region probed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) have been reported comparing tumor and normal tissues. Usually, bands in this range are assigned to the so-called Amide I, II, and III vibrations which provide pieces of information concerning peptide bonds and secondary structure (α-helix, β-sheet) of proteins. Proteins folding changes due to tumoral process are usually considered to qualitatively explain the observed differences between tumor and normal tissues. In this paper, the observed changes in the FTIR spectra of squamous cell carcinoma compared to normal tissues were analyzed by First-Principles Density Functional Theory vibrational calculations. Computational models for skin and prototype β-sheet model were employed. Our findings shown that predominates conjugated Amide I + Amide II, Amide V, methylene torsions, and ring side chains torsions and swings vibrations in this region. We also notice the lack of evidence concerning changes in the secondary structure of the β-sheet peptidic model to explain the spectral differences. In fact, we concluded that the proline amino acid has the main rule to explain the data in this region being it responsible for the strong coupling between vibrations instead of water.


  • IPEN-DOC 24860

    BATISTA, R.M. ; NARANJO, J.F.R.; MUCCILLO, E.N.S. . A versatile software for construction of the master sintering curve. Materials Science Forum, v. 912, p. 240-244, 2018. DOI: 10.4028/

    Abstract: Several models have been developed over the last years to study the microstructure development of ceramic and metal powders during sintering. Among the most utilized methodology one may find the Arrhenius and the so-called Master Sintering Curve (MSC). Both models involve manipulation of a large number of data, and repetitive and time-consuming calculations. In this work, was developed a versatile and friendly-user software for a PC-type computer encompassing both methodologies. The software is flexible allowing for kinetic data evaluation such as the activation energy for sintering and sintering maps. Details of the software along with its application to investigate the sintering process of 10 mol% gadolinia-doped ceria are described.

    Palavras-Chave: sintering; computer codes; simulation; ceramics; gadolinium; cerium oxides; doped materials; fuel cells


  • IPEN-DOC 26032

    MATSUSHIMA, L.C.; VENEZIANI, G.R. ; SAKURABA, R.K.; CAMPOS, L.L. . Verification of absorbed doses using thermoluminescent detectors and mapping of isodose curves in IMRT planning. In: RUBIO, MARCELO (Ed.); TIRAO, GERMAN (Ed.) INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON RADIATION PHYSICS, 14th, October 7-11, 2018, Córdoba, Argentina. Abstract... Córdoba: Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos, 2018. p. 177-177.


  • IPEN-DOC 25491

    ARAUJO, M.S. ; SILVA, A.C. ; SILVA, D.L.C. e ; MELLO-CASTANHO, S.R. . Variations of Qn distribution in bioactive glasses containing strontium oxide and alumina. In: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON CERAMICS, 7th; CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE CERÂMICA, 62., June 17-21, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Abstract... 2018. p. 857-857.

    Abstract: The complexity in designing brand-new compositions as 45S5 Bioglass® is mainly due to the fact the more components you have, the more difficult it is to trace the relationship between composition, structure and bioactivity. Also, the properties of bioactive compositions reflect their ability to release a critical amount of different ions in the surrounding host tissue, creating or not favorable conditions to stimulate cellular processes. Since these properties and process of interaction are directly related to the glass network connectivity, which can be evaluated by Qn distribution and other medium-range structural techniques, the present research studied two series of compositions based on 45S5 however adding amounts of Al2O3 and SrO, to verify the impact of subtle compositional changes in the Qn distribution. The samples were obtained by melting (1500°C) and quenching and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (ATD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. The initial results indicates that the matrix of typical bioactive phospho-silicate glasses which consists to be mostly Q², with some Q³, structures have been maintained in samples containing only SrO (0-2,7%mol). However, the samples containing both Al2O3 (2%mol) and SrO (0-2,7%mol) indicates that the addition of 1%mol SrO there is an increase of Q² in detriment of Q³, but then when the addition is up to 2,7%mol there is a decrease of Q² inversely proportional to Q³. Although these changes have been presented, none of the samples of both series presented cytotoxicity. Furthermore, studies on biocompatibility are being conducted to evaluate its impacts on their bioactivity.


  • IPEN-DOC 24777

    PEREIRA, DAISA L. ; FREITAS, ANDERSON Z. ; BACHMANN, LUCIANO; BENETTI, CAROLINA; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; ANA, PATRICIA A.. Variation on molecular structure, crystallinity, and optical properties of dentin due to Nd:YAG laser and fluoride aimed at tooth erosion prevention. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, v. 19, n. 2, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/ijms19020433

    Abstract: This in vitro study evaluated the compositional, crystalline, and morphological effects promoted by Nd:YAG laser on root dentin, and verified the effects of laser and topical acidulated phosphate fluoride application (APF-gel) on dentin erosion. 180 bovine dentin slabs were randomized into 4 groups (n = 45): G1–untreated, G2–APF-gel (1.23% F−, 4 min), G3–Nd:YAG (1064 nm, 84.9 J/cm2, 10 Hz), and G4–APF-gel application followed by Nd:YAG laser irradiation. The compositional, crystalline, and morphological effects promoted by treatments were investigated on five samples of each experimental group. The other samples were submitted to a 5-day, 10-day, or 15-day erosive and abrasive demineralization and remineralization cycling in order to create erosion lesions. The area and depth of lesions, as well as the optical attenuation coefficient, were assessed, and all data were statistically analysed (p < 0.05). Nd:YAG laser promoted the reduction of carbonate, the formation of tetracalcium phosphate, as well as the melting and recrystallization of the dentin surface. Laser significantly decreased the area and depth of erosion lesions and altered the optical attenuation coefficient when compared to untreated and APF-gel groups, but the association of APF-gel and laser did not promote an additional effect. Nd:YAG laser irradiation can be a promissory treatment to prevent dentin erosion and the abrasion process.

    Palavras-Chave: molecular structure; dentin; abrasion; demineralization; crystallography; fluorides; neodymium lasers; laser radiation; erosion; teeth; dentistry; infrared radiation


  • IPEN-DOC 25368

    GOMES, M.P. ; SANTOS, I.P. ; REIS, L.A.M. ; COUTO, C.P. ; BETINI, E.G. ; MUCSI, C.S. ; COLOSIO, M.A.; ROSSI, J.L. . Valve seat insert: air quenching and characterization of components obtained with AISI M3:2 high-speed steel. In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ENGENHARIA E CIÊNCIA DOS MATERIAIS, 23., 04-08 de novembro, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... 2018. p. 6228-6228.

    Abstract: The development of components ecologically correct is something more and more necessary. The first developement of valve seat inserts (VSI) take in account the use of cobalt and lead in its chemical composition. Such elements are avoided in the current applications due to its high cost and toxicological effects, respectively. In the present work was used VSI developed with a new chemical composition. The aim of this work were to air quench and characterize such components. The studied VSI were obtained with AISI M3:2 high-speed steel admixed with iron powder and another additives such as manganese sulphide, graphite, zinc stearate and carbides. All the air quenched VSI were double tempered, for one hour each, at seven equidistant temperature from 100 °C until 700 °C. The air quenched components had its mechanical and physical properties determined by means of its apparent density, apparent hardness and crush radial strength. The chemical composition was measured through the gases analyses and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry techniques. Microstructural and phase characterizations were performed with the support of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Regarding the VSI required properties, the best results were obtained with the components air quenched and double tempered at 600 °C.


  • IPEN-DOC 25089

    ESTEVES-PEDRO, NATALIA M.; SUGIBAYASHI, KENJI; OSTROSKY, ELISSA A.; FERRARI, MARCIO; SUFI, BIANCA da S. ; MATHOR, MONICA B. ; MORENO, PAULO R.H.; LOURENCO, FELIPE R.; CONSIGLIERI, VLADI O.; BABY, ANDRE R.; KANEKO, TELMA M.. Validation cytotoxicity assay for lipophilic substances. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, v. 18, n. 4, p. 275-286, 2018. DOI: 10.2174/1568026618666180410142829

    Abstract: It is challenging to disperse lipophilic substances in a validated cytotoxicity assay, especially for compounds with log K-ow greater than or equal to 5 that may show false negative results. The purpose of this study was to explain the challenges in conducting a cytotoxicity validated test of lipophilic substances: Minthostachys setosa, Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus, and Drimysbrasiliensis essential oils. Additionally, we compared the equivalence of Neutral Red (NR) and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl) -2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt (MTS) in detecting cell viability. The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance (HLB) technique was used to evaluate the dispersion of essential oils and cytotoxicity in accordance to the guidelines of the OECD / GD 129 validated cytotoxicity assay. We compared the equivalence of vital dyes by TOST equivalence test. According to the results, we demonstrated the possibility of using other ways to disperse the lipophilic substances. Based on the HLB theory, we selected polysorbate 20 as the best solubilizing agent of the essential oils studied in D10 culture medium


  • IPEN-DOC 25230

    LIMA, NICOLE P. de . Validação do método de análise por ativação com nêutrons para determinação de urânio em amostras ambientais / Validation of neutron activation analysis for uranium determination in environmental samples . 2018. Dissertação (Mestrado em Tecnologia Nuclear) - Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP, São Paulo. 127 p. Orientador: Mitiko Saiki. DOI: 10.11606/D.85.2018.tde-23112018-140537

    Abstract: O urânio (U) é considerado um elemento poluente do ambiente devido à sua toxicidade química e radiológica, com propriedades cumulativas em seres humanos, podendo causar diversos tipos de doenças no organismo. Consequentemente, há um grande interesse na determinação de U em amostras ambientais devido às ações antrópicas como as emissões desse elemento na mineração, nas indústrias e em acidentes nucleares que ocasionam alterações dos seus teores no meio ambiente. Dentre as diversas metodologias analíticas para a determinação de U em amostras ambientais, destaca-se a análise por ativação com nêutrons devido à sua alta sensibilidade e rapidez na análise. O objetivo deste trabalho foi validar o método para a determinação de U em amostras de biomonitores de cascas de árvores e bromélias, por meio dos procedimentos de análise instrumental por ativação com nêutrons térmicos (INAA) e análise por ativação com nêutrons epitérmicos (ENAA) ambos com irradiações de curta e longa duração no reator nuclear IEA-R1. Para a validação dos resultados com relação à precisão e à exatidão, foram analisados 11 materiais de referência certificados (MRCs), cujos dados foram avaliados por meio dos valores de Z score e de HorRat. Os procedimentos experimentais consistiram na irradiação térmica e epitérmica de amostras e de padrões de U por períodos de curta e longa duração, seguida de espectrometria de raios gama usando detector de Ge hiperpuro de alta resolução. Os resultados obtidos para a estimativa da incerteza padrão combinada da fração mássica de U, em uma amostra de casca de árvore, mostraram que a fonte de incerteza que mais contribuiu foi a estatística de contagem e o procedimento que apresentou a menor incerteza nos resultados foi a ENAA de longa duração. Os resultados dos MRCs apresentaram, na maioria dos casos, boa precisão e exatidão e as frações mássicas de U determinadas nas cascas de árvores e bromélias apresentaram resultados reprodutíveis. Dentre os quatro procedimentos estudados, a ENAA de longa e curta duração permitiu, em geral, a quantificação de U nas amostras dos materiais analisados. A INAA de longa e de curta duração nem sempre foi efetiva na determinação de U devido ao problema de interferência espectral e do alto valor de limite de detecção. Os limites de detecção determinados pelos procedimentos estudados foram comparados e os menores valores foram obtidos pela ENAA de longa duração. Em virtude dos fatos mencionados, o procedimento mais indicado para a determinação de U nas amostras ambientais analisadas nesse trabalho foi a ENAA de longa duração devido aos seus baixos limites de detecção, boa precisão e exatidão dos resultados e redução do problema de interferência nas análises.

    Palavras-Chave: radionuclide migration; radionuclide kinetics; biological availability; uranium; natural radioactivity; intake; pollutants; toxicity; verification; accuracy; samplers; environmental impacts; dose limits; radiation doses; neutron activation analyzers; gamma spectroscopy; brazil


  • IPEN-DOC 25476

    BENTO, R.T. ; SZURKALO, M. ; OLIVEIRA, E.C. ; CORREA, O.V. ; PILLIS, M.F. . UV–Vis photocatalytic performance of the S-doped TiO2 and TiO2 thin films for water treatment. In: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON CERAMICS, 7th; CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE CERÂMICA, 62., June 17-21, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Abstract... 2018. p. 421-421.

    Abstract: TiO2 films have been widely used as catalysts in oxidative processes in order to degrade organic contaminant. However, without the presence of a dopant material, its photocatalytic activity is limited only in the region of ultraviolet radiation (UV), due to its high-energy band gap. In this present research, anatase TiO2 thin films were grown on borosilicate substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) at 400ºC. To make the semiconductor active in the visible light region, sulfur doped TiO2 films were prepared by means of a thermochemical treatment carried out in a tubular oven, under atmosphere of H2S at 50ºC for 60 minutes. The films were characterized by XRD, AFM, FE-SEM and XPS technique. The photocatalytic behavior of the films was evaluated by methyl orange dye degradation under UV-Vis irradiation for 300 minutes. The photocatalytic tests were realized in a reactor illuminated by two tubular UV lamps (352 nm), and in a reactor illuminated by visible light (400-700 nm) on different intensities, both containing 40 mL of the dye solution. The results showed that the S-TiO2 films present promising photocatalytic efficiency. Without the presence of the catalyst, there was no degradation of the methyl orange dye under UV-Vis irradiation. Non-doped TiO2 films do not exhibited photocatalytic activity under visible light. It was possible to observe that the visible light intensity influences the doped films photocatalytic performance.


  • IPEN-DOC 25110

    UCO, DAYANE P.; LEITE-SILVA, VANIA R.; SILVA, HERON D.T.; DUQUE, MARCELO D.; GRICE, JEFFREY; MATHOR, MONICA B. ; ANDREO-FILHO, NEWTON; LOPES, PATRICIA S.. UVA and UVB formulation phototoxicity in a three-dimensional human skin model: photodegradation effect. Toxicology in Vitro, v. 53, p. 37-44, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2018.07.009

    Abstract: In vitro three-dimensional human skin models are an innovative alternative to evaluate cytotoxicity and phototoxicity in the cosmetic industry. The aim of this study was to use a skin model to evaluate the potential toxicity of sunscreen formulations with or without exposure to UV radiation. In addition, the toxicity of these formulations was evaluated after exposure to photodegradation. The results showed toxicity with all formulations/conditions tested, including the control formulation, compared to PBS. Cell viability of photodegraded formulations - prior to the phototoxicity radiation process - was higher, indicating that some formulation components were degraded into products with reduced toxicity. The results also indicated that avobenzone was more unstable/toxic than octyl p-methoxycinnamate under the same test conditions. The sunscreens and their formulations were shown to be toxic to skin model cells to some extent, even when not exposed to UV irradiation; however the biological role of this toxicity is unclear. This result shows the importance of testing sunscreen formulations in real in-use conditions. Finally, since we used an in vitro assay based on a human cell model, this non-invasive technique represents a suitable alternative to animal models for phototoxicity tests in general and could have application in screening new sunscreen products.


  • IPEN-DOC 25188



  • IPEN-DOC 25455

    OLIVEIRA, JULIANA de A.S. . Uso de macrófitas para remoção de metais em efluentes líquidos / Use of macrophites for removal of metals in liquid effluents . 2018. Dissertação (Mestrado em Tecnologia Nuclear) - Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN-CNEN/SP, São Paulo. 76 p. Orientador: Paulo Sergio Cardoso da Silva. DOI: 10.11606/D.85.2018.tde-22102018-113828

    Abstract: Nesse trabalho foi avaliada a capacidade de adsorção da biomassa da com macrófita Eichhornia crassipes (aguapé) em efluente sintético contendo íons de metais Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn e Co. Primeiramente foram determinadas as áreas superficiais específicas de cada uma das partes da planta (caule, folha e raiz) separadamente. A raiz foi a parte selecionada e em seguida foi ativada quimicamente com HCl e NaOH 0,1 mol L-1. A raiz ativada com HCl foi utilizada para os estudos dos parâmetros de adsorção: influência do pH, do tempo de contato e da concentração inicial dos íons em solução. Para as determinações propostas, foram utilizados como métodos analíticos de análise por ativação neutrônica instrumental para os íons do Co, Zn e Cr e análise por absorção atômica com forno de grafite para determinação da concentração dos íons de Cd e Pb. Nas duas técnicas, foram analisadas amostras de biomassa antes e após os experimentos de adsorção. Tanto a ativação ácida quanto a básica provocam um aumento da área superficial, porém o tratamento ácido produziu um material de mais fácil moagem. A eficiência de remoção e porcentagem de adsorção do íon Cr não foi satisfatória nas condições de realização deste trabalho. Para os demais íons verificou-se um aumento da eficiência de adsorção com o aumento do pH, do tempo de contato e da concentração inicial. Pode-se concluir que a biomassa ativada da raiz de Eichhornia crassipes é uma alternativa rápida, barata e eficiente para remoção dos íons metálicos considerados neste trabalho, sendo que a eficiência de remoção presentou a seguinte ordem decrescente: Pb > Cd > Zn > Co > Cr.

    Palavras-Chave: aquatic organisms; plants; biomass; bioadsorbents; adsorption; decontamination; water pollution control; waste processing; removal; ions; cadmium ions; lead ions; chromium ions; zinc ions; cobalt ions; neutron activation analyzers; absorption spectroscopy; graphite


  • IPEN-DOC 25355

    CAMPOS, M.; OLZON-DIONYSIO, M.; SOUZA, S.D. de; MARTINEZ, L.G. ; MIRANDA, A.R.B.; DAVIM, J.P.. Uso da Radiação Síncrotron para estudo da fase austenita expandida em amostras de aço inoxidável ASTM F138 nitretadas em atmosferas de diferentes proporções de H2/N2. In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ENGENHARIA E CIÊNCIA DOS MATERIAIS, 23., 04-08 de novembro, 2018, Foz do Iguaçu, PR. Resumo... 2018. p. 5509-5509.

    Abstract: A nitretação a plasma é uma técnica de modificação superficial, que confere propriedades importantes ao material tratado, proporcionando melhores propriedades combinadas de resistência mecânica, ao desgaste e à corrosão. Essas melhoras estão atreladas à camada superficial formada, composta pelas fases ?N – uma fase metaestável conhecida como austenita supersaturada ou expandida, uma fase cúbica ?' ?(ou Fe4N) e outra hexagonal ? (ou Fe2-3N), entre outras menos comuns como os nitretos de cromo que aparecem em grande quantidade em altas temperaturas. A fase ?N demonstra ter boas propriedades mecânicas, tribológicas e de resistência à corrosão e vem sendo apontada como a principal fase responsável pela melhoria dessas propriedades nos aços nitretados. Porém os difratrogramas dessas fases ficam “mascarados” por outras fases formadas na superfície, que apresentam ângulos de difração próximos ao dela, além disso ela apresenta o segundo pico (200) com alargamento e deslocamento maior que os demais em relação à matriz. A natureza dessa estrutura cristalina ainda é uma incógnita, e várias estruturas já foram propostas. O objetivo desse trabalho e estudar a estrutura dessa fase em diferentes proporções do gás nitretante (H2/N2). Amostras de aço inoxidável ASTM F138 foram nitretados durante 4 horas, a uma temperatura de 400 ºC e uma pressão do gás nitretante de 6 Torr. A proporção do gás foi de 20/80, 40/60, 60/40 e 80/20 % de N2/H2. Os resultados mostraram que o tamanho da camada nitretada e a rugosidade da superfície nitretada aumenta com a concentração de nitrogênio. O coeficiente de atrito da superfície com o aço SAE 1050 das amostras nitretadas é estatisticamente igual ao da matriz (sem nitretação), com exceção da nitretada com maior concentração de nitrogênio, que teve um aumento de 20 %. Os difratrogramas síncrotron mostraram que para altas concentrações de nitrogênio o pico (200) ficou menos alargado e todos foram ajustados com duas estruturas diferentes, uma igual à matriz, cúbica de face centrada (CFC), com pequena distorções nos ângulos e outra com falha de empilhamento, para comparação. O processo de nitretação com maior concentração de nitrogênio parece ser uma ótima forma de ajudar a elucidar a estrutura da fase ?N.


  • IPEN-DOC 24770

    ORTIZ, NILCE ; SILVA, ANDRE; LIMA, GISELLE N.S. ; HYPPOLITO, FERNANDA P. . Using solar-TiO2 and biocarbon to decompose and adsorb amoxicillin from polluted waters. International Journal of Chemistry, v. 10, n. 1, p. 131-136, 2018. DOI: 10.5539/ijc.v10n1p131

    Abstract: Surface water discharge of domestic sewage poses a treat mostly due to antibiotics content as amoxicillin. Its environmental presence provides the bacterial resistance enhancement and disturbance in aquatic life. The biocarbon is an organic carbon compound obtained by biomass pyrolisis at 300oC to 750oC under low oxygen environment. It is an effective adsorbent derived from agricultural and industrial solid biomass also frequently used to remove various pollutants, including dyes, pesticides, organic compounds and heavy metals from aqueous solutions. The importance of this natural material rises as low cost abundant and renewable alternative to activated carbon used on wastewater treatment application. Several technologies are employed to modify crude precursors on biocarbon preparation including chemical, physical and biological treatments with the addition of functional groups. The raw biomass material also provides some radicals and humic acids with promising water adsorbent results. The integrated process of the efficient Solar-TiO2photodecomposition followed by biocarbon adsorption resulted on 94% of amoxicillin removal percentage and avoids the toxic treatment sludge production.


A pesquisa no RD utiliza os recursos de busca da maioria das bases de dados. No entanto algumas dicas podem auxiliar para obter um resultado mais pertinente.

É possível efetuar a busca de um autor ou um termo em todo o RD, por meio do Buscar no Repositório , isto é, o termo solicitado será localizado em qualquer campo do RD. No entanto esse tipo de pesquisa não é recomendada a não ser que se deseje um resultado amplo e generalizado.

A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.


Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, .

Ao efetuar a busca por um autor o RD apresentará uma relação de todos os trabalhos depositados no RD. No lado direito da tela são apresentados os coautores com o número de trabalhos produzidos em conjunto bem como os assuntos abordados e os respectivos anos de publicação agrupados.

O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).



O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.

2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.