Repositório Digital da Produção Técnico Científica

BibliotecaTerezine Arantes Ferraz

Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN)"

Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN)"

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  • IPEN-DOC 27577

    ALMEIDA, G.F.C. ; SUGAHARA, T.; ARBEX, A.A.; COUTO, A.A. ; MASSI, M.; MONTORO, F.E.; REIS, D.A.P.. Analysis of the surface treatments effect on the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Materials Research, v. 23, n. 6, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1590/1980-5373-MR-2020-0314

    Abstract: This paper compares the creep behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy after different surface treatments, the plasma nitriding using Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD), and the deposition of SiC thin films with Cr interlayer using High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HiPIMS). A microstructural characterization was performed with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM), and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The creep test was performed at a constant load from 500 to 600 °C and 125 to 319 MPa, and a fractographic analysis was performed. The EDS analysis of the plasma nitrided layer indicated the nitrogen presence of the compounds TiN and Ti2N and an increase in the iron concentration. Creep test results in both conditions indicated an increase in the creep resistance. Plasma nitrided condition indicated the lowest creep rate and lesser elongation, making it the most suitable in applications that require a low dimensional distortion.


  • IPEN-DOC 27360

    ALVARENGA, TALLYSON S. ; POLO, IVON O. ; PEREIRA, WALSAN W.; MAYHUGH, MICHAEL R.; CALDAS, LINDA V.E. . Application of the Reduced-Fitting Method to determine neutron scattering. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 179, p. 1-8, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.109207

    Abstract: As the number of techniques using neutron radiation has grown, the number of neutrons detectors has increased along with need for their calibration. In Brazil this substantial demand for neutron detector calibration falls on a single laboratory located in Rio de Janeiro. One of the major problems in the calibration of neutron detectors is neutron scattering, which varies depending on the size and configuration of the laboratory. This is due to the neutrons that interact with the experimental setup and the surrounding, walls, floor and ceiling. This scatter influences the reading of the instrument to be calibrated and causes systematic errors in the calibration of neutron detectors. ISO 8529-2 recommends the following methods to correct these effects: The Semi-Empirical Method (SEM), the Reduced-Fitting Method (RFM), the Shadow-Cone Method (SCM) and the Generalized Fit Method (GFM). In this study, the neutron scattering characterization was performed in the Neutron Calibration Laboratory (LCN) of IPEN/CNEN, using the RFM method. The neutron source used was 241AmBe, which was positioned in the center of the calibration room. Neutron spectra were obtained using a scintillation detector based on 6Lil(Eu) in combination with a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS) at source-detector distances from 30 cm to 258 cm.

    Palavras-Chave: scattering; neutrons; radiations; neutron detectors; calibration; calculation methods; bonner sphere spectrometers; neutron spectra


  • IPEN-DOC 27553

    MILAGRE, MARIANA X. ; FRANCO, MARGARETH ; GENEZINI, FREDERICO ; WIMPORY, ROBERT C.; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; COSTA, ISOLDA . A correlation between microstructure and residual stress in the 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy with different thermomechanical process. SN Applied Sciences, v. 2, n. 12, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s42452-020-03945-y

    Abstract: Depending on the nature of the loading during service, the level and nature of residual stress can contribute to the lower service-life of a component. In this study the internal level of the residual stress of a 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy with different thermomechanical processes was evaluated by residual stress neutron diffraction (RSND). Commercial tempers such as T6 (peak aged) and O (annealed) were compared with the 6061 alloy after different steps of a thermomechanical processing used for the manufacturing of nuclear fuel plates, R3 and R9H60. The results showed that the lowest level of residual stress was found for the peak age, T6 condition. This was associated with the highest microhardness value (highest density of "β″ phase) and lowest grain size. The O temper was the only condition which showed compressive residual stress and the most coarsened precipitates. The nuclear thermomechanical processes, R3 and R9H60, resulted in increased level residual stress related to the T6 and showed a tensile nature in relation to its parent material (6061-O). Moreover, the RSND technique allows observing that the texture is also higher for the samples processed by the nuclear thermomechanical process due the hot rolling stage.


  • IPEN-DOC 27572

    CONTATORI, C. ; DOMINGUES JUNIOR, N.I.; BARRETO, R.L. ; LIMA, N.B. de ; VATAVUK, J.; BORGES, A.A.C. ; ALMEIDA, G.F.C. ; COUTO, A.A. . Effect of Mg and Cu on microstructure, hardness and wear on functionally graded Al-19Si alloy prepared by centrifugal casting. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, v. 9, n. 6, p. 15862-15873, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.11.050

    Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the copper and the magnesium effects on the microstructure, on the hardness, and on the resistance to micro-abrasive wear of the alloy Al–19Si. Early findings could show that the hypereutectic Al–Si alloys fabricated by centrifugal casting exhibited the possibility of obtaining a Functionally Graded Material (FGM), as well as the less-dense particles tended to be concentrated in the region close to the tube inner surface. It was observed that the wear resistance in this region was increased by the concentration of primary Si and Mg2Si particles due to their smaller densities than that of the Al. Also, the Cu and Mg were added in contents of 2.5 and 5% by weight. Moreover, this study focused on understanding the radial β-Si and Mg2Si particles migration in the Al–19Si alloy tubes and their effect on hardness and wear resistance. Firstly, a large quantity of primary Si and Mg2Si particles were concentrated in the inner layer of the tubes produced by centrifugal casting in the alloys Al–19Si, Al–19Si–2.5Cu–2.5Mg and Al–19Si–5Cu–5Mg. After that, the hardness increase was related to the number of primary particles presented in this tube region. Therefore, the segregation of the primary particles towards the inner surface of the tube was more pronounced in the casting end region and the wear resistance was also related to the presence of the primary particles. However, an excessive number of primary particles accumulated near this region could lead to higher wear due to the higher particles tearing.


  • IPEN-DOC 27390

    MILAGRE, MARIANA X. ; DONATUS, UYIME; MOGILI, NAGA V.; MACHADO, CARULINE S.C. ; ARAUJO, JOAO V.S. ; KLUMPP, RAFAEL E. ; FERNANDES, STELA M.C. ; SOUZA, JOSE A.B. de ; COSTA, ISOLDA . Effects of Picture Frame Technique (PFT) on the corrosion behavior of 6061 aluminum alloy. Journal of Nuclear Materials, v. 539, p. 1-13, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2020.152320

    Abstract: The 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy is used in nuclear fuel plates of nuclear research reactors which are fed with fuel in plate shapes. The production of these plates is based on the picture frame technique (PFT). The picture frame technique (PFT) is a manufacturing process for the fabrication of nuclear fuel plates where the nuclear fuel is encapsulated by Al alloy plates and thermomechanically processed to generate a set with reduced thickness. The effects of PFT on the corrosion resistance of the 6061 aluminum alloy were evaluated in this study by immersion and electrochemical tests in 0.005 mol L−1 NaCl solution. The results showed that the PFT fabrication process increases the corrosion resistance of the 6061 alloy in relation to the conventional 6061-T6, due phase dissolution and lower content of β’’ phase. Also, corrosion propagation gradually changes, with an increasing number of processing steps, from intergranular to intragranular corrosion attack.

    Palavras-Chave: aluminium alloys; corrosion; fuel elements; pitting corrosion; differential thermal analysis; magnesium; silica; fuel plates


  • IPEN-DOC 27391

    MILAGRE, MARIANA X. ; DONATUS, UYIME; SILVA, REJANE M.P. ; BETANCOR-ABREU, ABENCHARA M.; RAMIREZ, OSCAR M.P.; MACHADO, CARULINE S.C. ; ARAUJO, JOAO V.S. ; SOUTO, RICARDO M.; COSTA, ISOLDA . Galvanic coupling effects on the corrosion behavior of the 6061 aluminum alloy used in research nuclear reactors. Journal of Nuclear Materials, v. 541, p. 1-11, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2020.152440

    Abstract: The 6061 alloy is used in different thermomechanical conditions in research nuclear reactors. Nuclear fuel plates are manufactured by the picture frame technique (PFT) and the 6061 alloy is used as cladding for the nuclear fuel “sandwiches”. After the PFT process, these nuclear plates are placed in a case made of 6061-T6 alloy. In this work, the galvanic effects of coupling the 6061 alloy in the T6 and PFT temper conditions were investigated in different chloride-containing solutions. The results showed that galvanic coupling was favored between the PFT and 6061-T6 alloy. A potential difference of about 50 mV was observed between the temper conditions. This was attributed to differences in β’’ phase density between the two conditions (T6 and PFT) which was indicated by microhardness results. The 6061 alloy in the PFT condition was cathodic in relation to the T6 one. Results from conventional electrochemical techniques were in agreement with the local measurements. Local electrochemical techniques such as the SVET, SECM and LEIS were useful in characterizing the electrochemical behavior of the galvanically coupled alloys.

    Palavras-Chave: corrosion; electrochemical corrosion; aluminium alloys; electrochemistry; scanning electron microscopy; research reactors; reactors; nuclear fuels


  • IPEN-DOC 27144

    ARAUJO, LEANDRO G. de ; PRADO, EDUARDO S.P. ; MIRANDA, FELIPE de S.; VICENTE, ROBERTO ; SILVA SOBRINHO, ARGEMIRO S. da; PETRACONI FILHO, GILBERTO; MARUMO, JULIO T. . Physicochemical modifications of radioactive oil sludge by ozone treatment. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, v. 8, n. 5, p. 1-8, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2020.104128

    Abstract: An experimental study on the degradation of organic compounds from radioactive oil sludge by the ozonation process is presented. The effects of different concentrations of ozone in the oil sludge degradation over time were investigated. The experiments were performed in a 0.125 L glass reactor with magnetic stirring and a diffuser plate at the bottom to feed the ozone. The ozone concentration varied from 13 to 53 mg L−1 and the total interaction time was 1 h. To investigate the physicochemical properties of the oil sludge (solid and liquid components) prior to and after the treatment, multiple analytical characterization methods were used: Thermal Gravimetric Analysis, X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Spectrophotometer, and Residual Gas Analyzer. The most perceptive change is in the color of the liquid medium turned from dark brown to light yellow, especially under ozone concentrations higher than 33 mg L−1. Absorbance values decreased about 3.5 times after 30 min of treatment with [O3] =53 mg L−1. FTIR spectroscopy showed that the bands associated with the CH3 and CeH in CH2 disappeared during treatment. On the other hand, a greater presence of C]C aromatics was observed. By residual gas analysis, various organic and inorganic gases were identified during the treatment, such as CH4, H2, CO2, and H2S. Finally, the ozonation of the oil sludge proved to be effective, due to its high reaction capacity.

    Palavras-Chave: ozone; therapy; ozonization; radioactivity; sludges; oxidation; naturally occurring radioactive materials; fourier transformation; thermal gravimetric analysis


  • IPEN-DOC 27571

    GONÇALVES, RODOLFO L.P.; CARDOSO, KATIA R.; MIYAKAWA, WALTER; ALMEIDA, GISELE F.C. ; SILVA SOBRINHO, ARGEMIRO S. da; MASSI, MARCOS. The role of the thickness on the tribological properties of FeAlCr intermetallic alloy thin films deposited on austenitic steel. Journal of Materials Research, v. 35, n. 23-24, p. 3192-3201, 2020. DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2020.313

    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel is used in several industrial branches due to its mechanical and thermal properties, and to its good corrosion resistance. With low cost and biocompatibility, it is used to manufacture prostheses and devices for bone fixation. However, direct contact with body fluids may cause corrosion. Thin films of FeAlCr intermetallic alloy can be used to increase service life of prostheses and avoid replacement surgeries. The aim of this work was to cover the austenitic stainless steel to study the effect of target–substrate distance on the film characteristics. Coatings were performed using the magnetron sputtering technique with the substrate positioned at different distances from the target. The influence on film thickness, morphology, roughness, and adhesion to the substrate was investigated. The thin films of FeAlCr (160 nm thick deposited at 100 mm far from the substrate) were formed by smaller particles (11.2 nm long), densely packed (551,000 particles/mm2), with flat and regular appearance, and greater adherence to the substrate.


  • IPEN-DOC 27214

    ALVARENGA, TALLYSON S. ; POLO, IVON O. ; PEREIRA, WALSAN W.; CALDAS, LINDA V.E. . Use of Monte Carlo simulation and the Shadow-Cone Method to evaluate the neutron scattering correction at a calibration laboratory. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 170, p. 1-4, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.108624

    Abstract: The calibration of radiation detectors is performed with the aim of ensuring accurate measurements of different types of radiation. Due to scattering neutrons, the neutron beam spectrum will not be the same spectrum as that emitted by the neutron source, thus influencing the reading of the instrument to be calibrated and causing a systematic error in the calibration of the neutron measurement devices. The objective of the present work was to estimate the contribution of scattering neutron radiation to fluence and mean energy using the Monte Carlo simulation and the Shadow-Cone Method with the objective of obtaining direct and scattering counting rates. The counting rates obtained at the Neutron Calibration Laboratory at IPEN, using the Bonner sphere spectrometer, were inserted into the NeuraLN program, which uses the UTA-4 response matrix and has 81 bins of energy used to determine the spectrum, fluence rate, and mean energy at the source-detector distances of 100 cm and 150 cm.

    Palavras-Chave: monte carlo method; scattering; calibration; neutron detectors; neutron beams; neutron spectra; neutron sources; cones; shadow effect


A pesquisa no RD utiliza os recursos de busca da maioria das bases de dados. No entanto algumas dicas podem auxiliar para obter um resultado mais pertinente.

É possível efetuar a busca de um autor ou um termo em todo o RD, por meio do Buscar no Repositório , isto é, o termo solicitado será localizado em qualquer campo do RD. No entanto esse tipo de pesquisa não é recomendada a não ser que se deseje um resultado amplo e generalizado.

A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.


Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, .

Ao efetuar a busca por um autor o RD apresentará uma relação de todos os trabalhos depositados no RD. No lado direito da tela são apresentados os coautores com o número de trabalhos produzidos em conjunto bem como os assuntos abordados e os respectivos anos de publicação agrupados.

O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).



O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.

2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.