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Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

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  • IPEN-DOC 26393

    FERREIRA, EDUARDO G.A. ; MARUMO, JULIO T. ; FRANCO, MARGARETH K.K.D. ; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; VICENTE, ROBERTO . 10000 years cement: Can hydrated cement last as much as long-lived radionuclides?. Cement and Concrete Composites, v. 103, p. 339-352, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2019.05.016

    Abstract: This review is focused on the long-term performance of cementitious materials in a repository for radioactive waste. During the last few years, the disposal of disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) in a borehole type repository has been studied by many countries. The borehole concept is particularly useful to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and DSRS. In boreholes for DSRS, cementitious materials are intended to be used as structural material, immobilization matrix and as backfill. The understanding of the performance of these materials is essential to ensure the safety of the facilities during their required lifetime, from centuries to many thousands of years, depending on the initial activity and half-life of the waste. This review approaches the behavior of the cement from the hydration and hardening to the long-term processes that can affect its durability. Three main causes of failure of repository-engineered barriers are recognized: a) the formation of a preferential pathway for the migration of the contained radionuclides to the biosphere; b) loss of resistance and cohesion of the structural cementitious material; and c) the increase in the corrosion processes of the metallic components of the structures that affect the overall containment of the facility.

    Palavras-Chave: cement industry; portland cement; radioactive wastes; geologic formations; underground disposal; performance; chemical composition; mineralogy; radiations; magnetic fields; hydration

  • IPEN-DOC 23152

    BERECZKI, ALLAN ; WETTER, NIKLAUS U. . 100W continuous linearly polarized, high beam quality output from standard side-pumped Nd:YAG laser modules. Optics and Laser Technology, v. 96, p. 271-275, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.05.020

    Abstract: Dynamically stable operation with joined stability zones of a linearly polarized resonator is shown for a laser containing two diode side-pumped Nd:YAG rods. The unpolarized resonator generated 115W of output. When polarized by a Brewster plate, it reached 100.5W of output power at a beam quality M2 < 2. Best measured beam quality was of 1.1 and 1.3 in the x and y directions respectively, with 76W of 95% polarized output. The output power achieved is, to our knowledge, the highest reported for continuous polarized, fundamental-mode lasers using standard side-pumped Nd:YAG modules.

    Palavras-Chave: neodymium lasers; lasers; resonators; solid state lasers; temperature dependence; diode-pumped solid state lasers; beams; quality factor

  • IPEN-DOC 26398

    PAPAI, RODRIGO; FREITAS, MILLENA A.S. de; FONSECA, KARINA T. da; ALMEIDA, GILMAR A. de ; SILVEIRA, JOÃO R.F. da; SILVA, ANDRE L.N. da; FERREIRA NETO, JOÃO B.; SANTOS, CELIA A.L. dos; LANDGRAF, FERNANDO J.G.; LUZ, MACIEL S.. Additivity of optical emissions applied to neodymium and praseodymium quantification in metallic didymium and (Nd,Pr)-Fe-B alloy samples by low-resolution atomic emission spectrometry: an evaluation of the mathematical approach used to solve spectral interferences. Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 1085, p. 21-28, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.07.049

    Abstract: In this work, the effectiveness of a mathematical approach to solve the spectral interferences involved in the optical emission of two chemical species (neodymium and praseodymium) when using monochromators with low-resolution in atomic spectrometry is evaluated. Although recent technological advances have promoted spectrometers equipped with high-resolution monochromators, which have a great instrumental capability in the separation of nearby lines and consequently avoid spectral interferences, many laboratories still have old spectrometers installed with insufficient resolution to overcome such interferences. In order to evaluate a mathematical approach based on Lambert-Beer's Law, the optical emissions of neodymium and praseodymium were monitored on a low-resolution (200 pm) flame atomic emission spectrometry (F-AES). These two elements were strategically chosen as an application model because they exhibit similar physicochemical properties, joint occurrence in nature and because they are increasingly used in the manufacture of super-magnets, a material increasingly required by the high technology industry. The effectiveness of the mathematical approach was evaluated in three different ways: (i) by recovery of the analytes in synthetic mixtures containing known quantities of the species; (ii) by spike and recovery trials on a representative blend of dissolved samples and (iii) by comparing the results obtained with another analytical method: Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with a higher spectral resolution. The results indicate the effectiveness of this simple mathematical approach, allow the “survival” of instruments equipped with low-resolution monochromators and demonstrate the applicability of this approach to spectral correction. In addition, this work contributes an analytical method for the quantification of neodymium and praseodymium in metallic alloy samples involved in the production of super-magnets, aiding in the strict quality control of these materials.

    Palavras-Chave: additives; emission; absorption spectroscopy; neodymium; praseodymium; spectra; interference; atoms

  • IPEN-DOC 27164

    BENALCAZAR JALKH, E.B.; BERGAMO, E.T.P.; MONTEIRO, K.N.; CESAR, P.F.; GENOVA, L.A. ; LOPES, A.C.O.; LISBOA FILHO, P.N.; COELHO, P.G.; SANTOS, C.F.; BORTOLIN, F.; PIZA, M.M.T.; BONFANTE, E.A.. Aging resistance of an experimental zirconia-toughened alumina composite for large span dental prostheses: optical and mechanical characterization. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, v. 104, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.103659

    Abstract: Purpose: To synthesize a zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 85% alumina matrix reinforced by 15% zirconia and to characterize its optical and mechanical properties before and after artificial aging, to be compared with a conventional dental zirconia (3Y-TZP). Material and methods: After syntheses, ZTA and 3Y-TZP powders were uniaxially and isostatically pressed. Greenbody samples were sintered and polished to obtain 80 disc-shaped specimens per group (12 x 1 mm, ISO 6872:2015). The crystalline content and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Optical properties were determined by the calculation of contrast ratio (CR) and translucency parameter (TP) using reflectance data. Mechanical properties were assessed by Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and biaxial flexural strength test (BFS). All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20h, 134 °C, 0.22 MPa). Optical parameters and microhardness differences were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results: The synthesis of the experimental ZTA composite was successful, with 98% of theoretical density, as shown in the SEM images. XRD patterns revealed typical zirconia and alumina crystalline phases. ZTA optical properties parameters showed no effect of aging, with a high CR and low TP values denoting a high maskingability. 3Y-TZP presented lower masking-ability and aging significantly affected its optical properties. ZTA Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and Weibull parameters, including characteristic stress and Weibull modulus were not influenced by aging, while 3Y-TZP presented a significant decrease in characteristic stress and increase in fracture toughness after aging. The ZTA probability of survival for missions of 300 and 500 MPa was estimated at ~99% validating its use for 3-unit posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP), and no different from conventional 3Y-TZP. At high-stress mission (800 MPa) a significant decrease in probability of survival was observed for aged 3Y-TZP (84%) and for immediate and aged ZTA (73 and 82% respectively). Conclusion: The ZTA composite presented a dense microstructure, with preservation of the crystalline content, optical and mechanical properties after artificial aging, which encourages future research to validate its potential use for large span FDP.

    Palavras-Chave: aluminium oxides; zirconium oxides; aging; ceramics; microstructure; optical properties; optical microscopes

  • IPEN-DOC 27560

    JALKH, ERNESTO B.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; LOPES, ADOLFO C. de O.; LIMA, ERICK; LISBOA-FILHO, PAULO N.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; WITEK, LUKASZ; COELHO, PAULO G.; BORGES, ANA F.S.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Aging resistant ZTA composite for dental applications: microstructural, optical and mechanical characterization. Dental Materials, v. 36, n. 9, p. 1190-1200, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/

    Abstract: Objective. To synthesize a zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 70% aluminareinforced by 30% zirconia for dental applications and to characterize its microstructureand optical properties for comparison with the isolated counterpart materials and a first-generation 3Y-TZP.Methods. Disc-shaped specimens were divided in four groups (n = 70/material): (1) 3YSB-E(first generation 3Y-TZP), (2) Zpex (second generation 3Y-TZP), (3) alumina, and (4) ZTA-Zpex70/30. After synthesis, ceramic powders were pressed, and green-body samples sinteredfollowing a predetermined protocol. Specimens were polished to obtain a mirror surfacefinish. Apparent density was measured by Archimedes principle. X-ray diffraction (XRD)and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the crystalline contentand microstructure. Reflectance tests were performed to determine the contrast-ratio (CR)and translucency-parameter (TP). Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexuralstrength (BFS) test. All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20 h, 134◦C, 2.2 bar). Optical parameters were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results. High density values (95–99%) were found for all ceramic materials and SEM images exhibited a dense microstructure. While XRD patterns revealed the preservation of crys- talline content in the ZTA composite, an increase in the monoclinic peak was observed for pure zirconias after aging. Significantly higher CR and lower TP values were observed for the ZTA composite, followed by alumina, 3YSB-E, and Zpex. The highest characteristic stress was recorded for 3YSB-E, followed by intermediate values between ZTA and Zpex, and the lowest for alumina. Aging affected the optical and mechanical properties of both zirconias, while remained stable for ZTA composite and alumina. Significance. The synthesis of experimental 70−30% ZTA composite was successful and its relevance for dental applications relies on its higher masking ability, aging resistance, and strength similar to zirconia.

    Palavras-Chave: composite materials; zirconium oxides; aluminium oxides; mechanical properties; optical properties; microstructure; dentistry; prostheses

  • IPEN-DOC 27828

    PARRA, DUCLERC F. ; MARCHINI, LEONARDO G. ; KOMATSU, LUIZ G.H. ; OLIVEIRA, CAMILA B. de ; OLIANI, WASHINGTON L. ; RANGARI, VIJAYA K.. AgNPs@ZnO hybride nanoparticles infused thermoplastic polyester elastomer and their biocide effect. SN Applied Sciences, v. 3, n. 4, 2021. DOI: 10.1007/s42452-021-04365-2

    Abstract: This paper presents research results of biocidal effect of thermoplastic- polyester-elastomer (TPE-E) with incorporation of hybrid Ag/ZnO/SiO2 NPs (silver/Zinc oxide/SiO2 nanoparticles). These results were compared with various gamma-irradiated doses and processing techniques including extrusion, injection molding and compression molding. In all these processing techniques the TPE-E was mixed with mineral oil and Ag/ZnO/SiO2 nanoparticles. The TPE-E nanocomposites were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), Infrared FT spectroscopy (FTIR), surface enhanced Raman technique (SERS), FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), TEM (transmission electronic microscopy) and antimicrobial test. Antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus, are reported and these results showed potential application in health care products.

    Palavras-Chave: gamma radiation; irradiation; antibiotics; nanoparticles; silver; processing; thermoplastics

  • IPEN-DOC 27841

    BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; CARDOSO, KARINA B.; LINO, LUCAS F.O.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; THIM, GILMAR P.; COELHO, PAULO G.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Alumina-toughened zirconia for dental applications: physicochemical, mechanical, optical, and residual stress characterization after artificial aging. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, v. 109, n. 8, p. 1135-1144, 2021. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.34776

    Abstract: To characterize the physicomechanical properties of an alumina-toughened zirconia (ATZ). ATZ synthesis consisted of the addition of alumina particles in an yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP) matrix. Specimens were obtained by uniaxial and isostatic pressing ATZ and 3Y-TZP powders and sintering at 1600°C/1 h and 1550°C/1 h, respectively. Crystalline content and residual stress were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Optical properties were determined by reflectance test. Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexural strength test. All analyses were performed before and after aging (134°C, 20 h, 2 bar). XRD and SEM revealed a typical ATZ and 3Y-TZP crystalline content, chiefly tetragonal phase, with a dense polycrystalline matrix, though a smaller grain size for ATZ. Aging triggered a similar monoclinic transformation for both systems; however, ATZ exhibited higher residual compressive stresses than 3Y-TZP. While as-processed 3Y-TZP demonstrated significantly higher characteristic strength relative to ATZ, no significant difference was observed after aging (~215 MPa increase in the ATZ strength). ATZ presented significantly higher opacity relative to 3Y-TZP, although aging significantly increased the translucency of both systems (increase difference significantly higher in the 3Y-TZP compared to ATZ). ATZ physicomechanical properties support its applicability in the dental field, with a lower detrimental effect of aging relative to 3Y-TZP.

    Palavras-Chave: zirconium; dentistry; ceramics; composite materials; optical properties; aging

  • IPEN-DOC 26399

    ROVANI, SUZIMARA ; SANTOS, JONNATAN J.; CORIO, PAOLA; FUNGARO, DENISE A. . An alternative and simple method for the preparation of bare silica nanoparticles using sugarcane waste ash, an abundant and despised residue in the Brazilian industry. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 30, n. 7, p. 1524-1533, 2019. DOI: 10.21577/0103-5053.20190049

    Abstract: Sugarcane waste ash, a Si-rich waste product, is generated in large quantities and creates a serious disposal problem in the Brazilian ethanol-sugar industry, affecting the environment and public health. Here, a simple method capable of generating bare silica nanoparticles utilizing this residue is demonstrated. Firstly, the crystalline silica present in sugarcane waste ash (SWA) was converted into amorphous by melting a mixture of sodium hydroxide and SWA at 550 °C for 1 h. The silica nanoparticles (SiO2NPs) were formed by lowing pH. This production process of SiO2NPs from SWA was optimized varying the ash:NaOH mass ratio, increasing the silica extraction up to 96%. The sample’s composition was characterized by total X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, morphology and physical-chemical properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction, specific surface area measurements, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), followed by use as adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye. With this process of extraction, nanoparticles smaller than 100 nm were generated, with a surface area of 63 m2 g-1 and a maximum adsorption capacity of 37 mg g-1 for methylene blue. The results indicate a successful process for obtaining an adsorbent from an industrial waste product using a cost effective and rapid synthesis procedure rendering renewable product.

    Palavras-Chave: sugar cane; wastes; adsorbents; silica; nanoparticles; ethanol fuels; ashes; sodium hydroxides; agriculture; agricultural wastes

  • IPEN-DOC 26862

    GARCIA, PAULO R.A.F.; PRYMAK, OLEG; GRASMIK, VIKTORIA; PAPPERT, KEVIN; WLYSSES, WAGNER; OTUBO, LARISSA ; EPPLE, MATTHIAS; OLIVEIRA, CRISTIANO L.P.. An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis. Nanoscale Advances, v. 2, n. 1, p. 225-238, 2020. DOI: 10.1039/c9na00569b

    Abstract: We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters obtained from the experimental data. The evolution of the average particle size of pure and alloyed nanoparticles shows that the particle growth occurs initially by a coalescence mechanism. The later growth of pure silver nanoparticles is well described by Ostwald ripening and for the alloyed nanoparticles by a process with a significantly slower growth rate. Additionally, the SAXS data of pure silver nanoparticles revealed two major populations of nanoparticles, the first one with a continuous crystal growth to a saturation plateau, and the second one probably with a continuous emergence of small new crystals. The particle sizes obtained by SAXS agree well with the results from transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The present study demonstrates the capability of an in situ investigation of synthesis processes using a laboratory based SAXS instrument. Online monitoring of the synthesis permitted a detailed investigation of the structural evolution of the system.

    Palavras-Chave: nanoparticles; small angle scattering; x-ray diffraction; silver; bimetals; gold; monte carlo method; nanostructures; alloys

  • IPEN-DOC 25206

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . An overview of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using radiation technologies. Nanomaterials, v. 8, n. 11, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/nano8110939

    Abstract: At a nano-level, optical properties of gold are unique and gave birth to an emerging platform of nanogold-based systems for diverse applications, because gold nanoparticle properties are tunable as a function of size and shape. Within the available techniques for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, the radiolytic synthesis allows proper control of the nucleation process without the need for reducing agents, in a single step, combined or not with simultaneous sterilization. This review details and summarizes the use of radiation technologies for the synthesis and preparation of gold nanoparticles concerning fundamental aspects, mechanism, current pathways for synthesis and radiation sources, as well as briefly outlines final applications and some toxicity aspects related to nanogold-based systems.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; gamma radiation; electron beams; x-ray sources; radiolysis; nanotechnology; medicine; diagnostic uses; ionizing radiations

  • IPEN-DOC 28134

    RODRIGUES, RAQUEL V.; SAMPAIO, CAMILA S.; GIROTTO, ALINE C.; PINHATTI, CAROLINE P.; IWAMOTO, ALEXSANDRA S.; FREITAS, ANDERSON Z. de ; AMBROSANO, GLAUCIA M.B.; PUPPIN-RONTANI, REGINA M.; PASCON, FERNANDA M.. Analysis of enamel/restoration interface submitted cariogenic challenge and fluoride release. Microscopy Research and Technique, v. 84, n. 12, p. 2857-2866, 2021. DOI: 10.1002/jemt.23844

    Abstract: The treatment of high-risk patients still is a challenge. The understanding and development non-invasive, non-destructive, and non-ionizing techniques, can help to guide the treatment and the diagnosis of primary and recurrent caries. The present study evaluated the behavior of enamel/restoration interface after a cariogenic challenge by Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination, and the fluoride release of the different restorative materials. Cavities (1.5 × 0.5 mm) were performed in enamel surface and divided into groups (n = 8): glass ionomer cement (GIC), resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC), and resin composite (RC). The samples were submitted to pH-cycling, and the solutions analyzed for cumulative fluoride by ion-analyzer. The morphology was analyzed by SEM through replicas. The optical attenuation coefficient (OAC) was calculated through exponential decay from the images generated by FD-OCT. Data were analyzed considering α = 0.05. OAC values increased for all groups after pH-cycling indicating demineralization (p < .05). Considering the remineralizing solution, RMGIC presented higher fluoride release rate, followed by GIC, while RC did not release any fluoride. Yet for the demineralizing solution, RMGIC and GIC released similar fluoride rates, overcoming RC (p < .05). Micrographs revealed no changes on the restorations margins, although enamel detachment was observed for RC and GIC after pH-cycling.

    Palavras-Chave: dentistry; caries; enamels; biological recovery; demineralization; fluorides

  • IPEN-DOC 27901

    ABREU, R.T. ; ANGELOCCI, L.V. ; NOGUEIRA, B.R. ; SANTOS, H.N. ; ZEITUNI, C.A. ; ROSTELATO, M.E.C.M. . Anisotropy function of a new 192-Ir brachytherapy source. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-15, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1506

    Abstract: Brachytherapy is a type of radiotherapy that uses radioactive sources (seeds, wires, among others) close to the tumor. Is important to provide a detailed description of seed dosimetry, so only the tumor will be irradiated avoiding unnecessary dose on adjacent organs and structures. To evaluate the dosimetric parameter of the anisotropy function for a new brachytherapy source, this work proposes the use of microcube TLD-100 dosimeters to find the dose rate using the AAPM Task Group 43 protocol (TG-43). The anisotropy function represents dose distribution around the source and has a major role for characterization of a new iridium source being implemented in Brazil. The value of D(r,θ) was measured using Solid Water phantoms, r value being the distance from the geometric center of the source to the position of the dosimeter on the phantom, and θ being the angle formed between the longitudinal axis of the source and the line connecting the geometric center to the TLD. Monte Carlo calculations were performed to evaluate the anisotropy function to validate the experimental measurements. For each distance value (r), an anisotropy function was plotted (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 10.0 cm). The results obtained with Monte Carlo calculations agreed ±2% with the experimental values for r greater than 3.0 cm, so these results show a good distribution of dose around the seed considering the high energy of 192-Ir (average of 380 KeV) and encapsulation thickness.

    Palavras-Chave: anisotropy; brachytherapy; dose rates; dosimetry; iridium 192; monte carlo method; phantoms; radiation dose distributions; radiation source implants; sealed sources; thermoluminescent dosemeters

  • IPEN-DOC 29514

    SILVA FILHO, JORGE C.; SILVA, SUELANNY C. da; VENANCIO, EVERALDO C.; TAKIISHI, HIDETOSHI ; ABE, IGOR Y.; SOARES, EDSON P. ; ANTUNES, RENATO A.; REY, JOSE F.Q.; MARTINEZ, LUIS G. ; ESCOTE, MARCIA T.. Aplicação de derivados de grafeno em baterias e ímãs permanentes / Application of graphene derivatives in batteries and permanent magnets. Revista da ABPN, v. 14, n. 41, p. 124-142, 2022. DOI: 10.31418/2177-2770.2022.v14.n41.p124-142

    Abstract: O presente trabalho aborda o estudo sobre a importância tecnológica dos compostos de grafeno, evidenciando a síntese, a caracterização do óxido de grafeno (GO) e óxido de grafeno reduzido (rGO) e suas aplicações em baterias e imãs permanentes de neodímio-ferro-boro. Os resultados de difração de raios-X mostraram a presença de apenas um pico em aproximadamente 2θ = 11°, o qual corresponde ao conjunto de planos de GO em (002). Os resultados das aplicações são: O eletrodo negativo da Bateria2 com 1% de adição de GO apresentou uma capacidade de descarga de 397,03 mAh/g e maior estabilidade cíclica durante os 30 ciclos. No caso dos imãs, o imã2, com 0,1% em massa de rGO mostrou os maiores valores de Br = 10,42 T, BHmax = 21,19 MGOe, ρ = 7135 kg m-3 e FQ = 0,63.

  • IPEN-DOC 28849

    GODOI, CAMILA M. ; SANTOS, MONIQUE C.L. ; NUNES, LIVIA C. ; SILVA, ARACELI J. ; RAMOS, ANDREZZA S. ; SOUZA, RODRIGO F.B. de ; NETO, ALMIR O. . Application of binary PdSb/C as an anode in a polymeric electrolyte reactor-fuel cell type for electrosynthesis of methanol from methane. Materials Research, v. 25, p. 1-8, 2022. DOI: 10.1590/1980-5373-MR-2021-0542

    Abstract: PdSb catalyst prepared in different compositions were applied as an anode in a polymeric electrolyte reactor - fuel cell type (PER-FC) to convert methane into oxygenated products and energy in mild conditions. The PER-FC polarization curves for Pd90Sb10/C presented maximum current density about 0.92 mW cm-2 about 15% higher than PdSb materials. However, the material Pd50Sb50/C showed higher reaction rate for methanol generation than the other materials occurring close to the OCV (r ~ 7 mol L-1 h-1). The qualitative analyses of PER-FC effluent by FT-IR identified products as methanol, carbonate and formate ions from the partial oxidation of methane for all materials.

    Palavras-Chave: antimony; catalysts; cogeneration; current density; electrolytic cells; fourier transformation; fuel cells; methane; methanol; oxidation; palladium

  • IPEN-DOC 25738

    ROVANI, S. ; MEDEIROS, L.F.; LIMA, E.C.; FERNANDES, A.N.. Application of biochar from agro‑industrial waste in solid‑phase extraction for the determination of 17β‑estradiol from aqueous solution. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, n. 12, p. 7623-7630, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02295-6

    Observação: Correction anexado. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, p. 7631, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02433-0

    Abstract: In this study, the biochar produced from coffee wastes and eucalyptus sawdust was employed as an adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the determination of 17β-estradiol from aqueous solution. Parameters such as adsorbent mass, solvent type, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and the cartridge reuse were evaluated. The best experimental conditions for solid-phase extraction concerning adsorbent mass, elution solvent, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and cartridge reuse were established. The most suitable conditions for 1.0-mL cartridge were: mass of 50 mg, elution solvent 5.0 mL of acetonitrile/water 90:10 (v:v), 0.003 mol L−1 NaCl concentration, and 17β-estradiol solution volume 50.0 mL. The solid-phase extraction results showed that, although 17β-estradiol recovery was about 60%, the removal efficiency was 100% and the cartridges of 200 and 500 mg can be reused eight and four times, respectively, without any decrease in adsorption capacity. The results demonstrate the potential use of biochar as new adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the removal of estrogens in aqueous solution.

    Palavras-Chave: charcoal; wood fuels; solid wastes; adsorbents; hormones; estradiol; agriculture; agricultural wastes

  • IPEN-DOC 23215

    VILLANI, DANIEL; MANCINI, ANSELMO; HADDAD, CECILIA M.K.; CAMPOS, LETICIA L. . Application of optically stimulated luminescence ‘nanoDot’ dosimeters for dose verification of VMAT treatment planning using an anthropomorphic stereotactic end-to-end verification phantom. Radiation Measurements, p. 1-5, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.03.027

    Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate the performance of the commercial OSL Landauer InLight System to be applied in dosimetric measurements in a Volumetric Modulated Arc (VMAT) brain tumor planning treatment using a Stereotactic End-To-End Verification Phantom Patient (STEEV™ – CIRS), comparing its results with CaSO4:Dy TLD pellets manufactured and marketed by the Laboratory of Dosimetric Materials/IPEN, PTW PinPoint™ ion chamber and Eclipse 10.0 planning system. The results of commercial InLight™ System using the nanoDot dosimeters showed good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and clinical measurements. The experimental dose values obtained by all dosimetric techniques varied less than ±1.0% from prescribed by Eclipse 10.0. The intrinsic precision and uncertainty of the OSL reading device were found fair enough, providing good experimental results for VMAT dosimetry.

    Palavras-Chave: thermoluminescent dosemeters; photoluminescence; volumetric analysis; radiotherapy; dosimetry

  • IPEN-DOC 28318

    SILVA, DANIEL J. da; PARRA, DUCLERC F. ; WIEBECK, HELIO. Applying confocal Raman spectroscopy and different linear multivariate analyses to sort polyethylene residues. Chemical Engineering Journal, v. 426, p. 1-13, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.131344

    Abstract: High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE), Polypropylene (PP), and recycled Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) (PET) are widely applied as packaging materials worldwide, and they correspond to more than 50 % of the plastic residues present in municipal solid waste. Currently, it is needed to develop effective methods to ensure the identification and sorting of plastic waste to guarantee necessary purity to obtain quality and economically viable recycled goods from post-consumer plastic. As an attempt to that, we investigated the applicability of Confocal Raman Scattering Spectroscopy (Confocal Raman) combined with Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Linear Partial Least Squares Regression by Intervals (iPLS-R) and Competitive Adaptive Weighted Sampling (CARS/PLS-R) as fast chemometric tools to identify and classify pristine and recycled mixtures of HDPE and LDPE from municipal solid waste in São Paulo, Brazil. We found several limitations in applying this procedure to classify the different polyethylenes and their polymer blends using the Principal Components (PC) from PCA analysis. iPLS-R regression model presents more effectiveness than the CARS/PLS-R model to detect the LDPE content in recycled HDPE/LDPE blends, both being influenced by different contaminants (PP, PET, SiO2, and CaCO3) added in these recycled plastics.

    Palavras-Chave: raman spectroscopy; polyethylenes; wastes; plastics; thermal gravimetric analysis

  • IPEN-DOC 24306

    ANTONIO, PATRICIA L. ; CALDAS, LINDA V.E. . Applying the TSEE technique to Spectrolite and Opal pellets irradiated with high doses of gamma radiation. Radiation Measurements, v. 106, n. SI, p. 538-542, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.04.014

    Abstract: Spectrolite + Teflon and Opal + Teflon pellets were studied in this work in relation to their dosimetric properties, using the thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE) phenomenon. The purpose of this work was to study these materials to be used in high-dose dosimetry of Co-60 irradiators, which are employed for several industrial applications. The basic physical principle of this technique is the emission of low energy electrons from the surface of different crystalS. For this reason, it is very employed in work with specially radiation sources of low penetrating power, as alpha and beta radiation, but also with gamma sources. Both materials had already their dosimettic chatacteristics verified in previous works after exposure to high doses of a Co-60 source and measurements by means of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques. The TSEE response was investigated in terms of the following tests: TSEE emission curves, reproducibility, minimum detectable doses and dose-response curves.

    Palavras-Chave: cobalt 60; crystals; dosimetry; exoelectrons; gamma radiation; gamma sources; irradiation; opals; pellets; radiation doses; silicates; teflon; thermoluminescence

  • IPEN-DOC 28812

    MOREIRA, GREGORI de A. ; OLIVEIRA, AMAURI P. de; CODATO, GEORGIA; SANCHEZ, MACIEL P.; TITO, JANET V.; SILVA, LEONARDO A.H. e; SILVEIRA, LUCAS C. da; SILVA, JONATAN J. da ; LOPES, FABIO J. da S. ; LANDULFO, EDUARDO . Assessing spatial variation of PBL height and aerosol layer aloft in São Paulo Megacity using simultaneously two lidar during winter 2019. Atmosphere, v. 13, n. 4, p. 1-16, 2022. DOI: 10.3390/atmos13040611

    Abstract: This work presents the use of two elastic lidar systems to assess the horizontal variation of the PBL height (PBLH) and aerosol layer aloft in the São Paulo Megacity. These two lidars performed simultaneous measurements 10.7 km apart in a highly urbanized and relatively flat area of São Paulo for two winter months of 2019. The results showed that the PBLH differences display diurnal variation that depends on the PBL during daytime growth phases. Cloud and sea breeze effects control most of PBLH variation. In the absence of cloud and sea breeze, the maximum difference (~300 m) occurs in the rapid development stage and is due to topographic effects. When the PBL approaches its maximum daily value, it tends to level off with respect to the topography. In addition, it was presented a method that combines elastic lidar (to detect an aerosol layer) and satellite data (to classify such a layer from Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) and Aerosol Index (AI) information) for the detection of biomass burning events. This methodology demonstrated that the variations caused by Biomass Burning in AOD and AI enable both the detection of aerosol plumes originating from biomass burning and the identification of their origin.

    Palavras-Chave: boundary layers; earth atmosphere; biomass; burns; urban areas; optical radar

  • IPEN-DOC 28871

    CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. de ; DIAS, DERLY A. ; DEL-VALLE, MATHEUS ; VELOSO, MARCELO N. ; SOMESSARI, ELIZABETH S.R. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Assessment of bone dose response using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy: a potential method for biodosimetry. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, v. 273, p. 1-7, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2022.120900

    Abstract: The health care application of ionizing radiation has expanded worldwide during the last several decades. While the health impacts of ionizing radiation improved patient care, inaccurate handling of radiation technology is more prone to potential health risks. Therefore, the present study characterizes the bone dose response using bovine femurs from a slaughterhouse. The gamma irradiation was designed into low-doses (0.002, 0.004 and 0.007 kGy) and high-doses (1, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50 and 60 kGy), all samples received independent doses. The combination of FTIR spectroscopy and PLS-DA allows the detection of differences in the control group and the ionizing dose, as well as distinguishing between high and low radiation doses. In this way, our findings contribute to future studies of the dose response to track ionizing radiation effects on biological systems.

    Palavras-Chave: ionizing radiations; radiation doses; dosimetry; skeleton; biological dosemeters; fourier transformation; infrared radiation

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A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

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Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, .

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O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

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O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.

2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.

O Repositório Digital do IPEN é um equipamento institucional de acesso aberto, criado com o objetivo de reunir, preservar, disponibilizar e conferir maior visibilidade à Produção Científica publicada pelo Instituto, desde sua criação em 1956.

Operando, inicialmente como uma base de dados referencial o Repositório foi disponibilizado na atual plataforma, em junho de 2015. No Repositório está disponível o acesso ao conteúdo digital de artigos de periódicos, eventos, nacionais e internacionais, livros, capítulos, dissertações, teses e relatórios técnicos.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.