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Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN)"

Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN)"

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  • IPEN-DOC 29130

    SILVA, C.A.J. ; BRAGUIN, L.N.M. ; ROSSI, J.L. ; SCAPIN, M.A. ; COSTA, I. ; SAIKI, M. . Analyses of magnesium-based alloys by nuclear techniques. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 10, n. 3B, p. 1-12, 2022. DOI: 10.15392/2319-0612.2022.1969

    Abstract: Magnesium-based alloys have been proposed for use in temporary biomaterials in the applications that request their biocompatibility and degradability. Analyses of these alloys are of great interest to verify if their element composition is within the product specification and also to evaluate the impurities that may cause toxic effects to the human health or influence in their corrosion processes. In this study, nuclear techniques of neutron activation analysis (NAA) and wavelength dispersive X ray fluorescence spectrometry (WD XRFS) were applied in the analyses of two magnesium-based alloys: commercially pure magnesium (CP-Mg) and AZ31 alloy. The NAA procedure consisted of irradiation aliquots of sample and synthetic element standards followed by measurements using a HGe detector and the WD XFRS was carried out using the Model RIX 3000 X-ray spectrometer. In the CP-Mg sample several element impurities were quantified. In the AZ31 alloy, the alloying element mass fractions were within the product specification and the impurities of As, La, Na and Sb were also quantified. Nickel and sulfur were quantified only by WD XFRS. The Horwitz method was a good parameter to evaluate the repeatability of the results in Al, Mg, Mn and Zn determinations. In conclusion, the results indicated the viability of using NAA and WD XFRS in the analyses of magnesium-based materials mainly due its multielement determinations, precision of the results, quantification of elements in a wide range of mass fractions and the lack of need for sample dissolution.

  • IPEN-DOC 28862

    GONCALVES, JOSEMARY A.C. ; MANGIAROTTI, ALESSIO; BUENO, CARMEN C. . Characterization of a thin photodiode as a routine dosimeter for low-dose radiation processing applications. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 198, p. 1-7, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2022.110200

    Abstract: The characterization of a dosimetry system based on a commercial PIN photodiode as a routine dosimeter in a 60Co industrial facility is reported. The main parameters of the dose rate response (repeatability, reproducibility, and angular dependence) and the dose response (dependence on both dose rate and accumulated dose) are investigated. The results obtained, within a dose rate range of 3.7–52.8 Gy/h and doses up to 200 Gy, fully adhere to the standard protocols established for radiation processing dosimetry. The diode performance as a routine dosimeter is validated by the good overall agreement with radiochromic films and alanine dosimetry.

    Palavras-Chave: photodiodes; thin films; gamma radiation; dosimetry; silicon diodes

  • IPEN-DOC 27864

    GONCALVES, J.A.C. ; BUENO, C.C. ; MANGIAROTTI, A.. Comparative evaluation of the performance of thin diodes used as on-line dosimeters in radiation processing applications. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-8, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1327

    Abstract: In this work, we report a comparison between the performance of two samples of commercial PIN photodiodes (SFH206K from Osram® and S2506-04 from Hamamatsu®) mainly addressing the variation of their current sensitivities with accumulated dose ranging from 0-15 kGy. All the results so far obtained have revealed that the radiation induced currents are linearly dependent on dose rates from 3.65 to 55.64 Gy/h. The current sensitivity of both unirradiated diodes (0.178 nA.h/Gy.mm3) slightly decreases with accumulated dose, namely 0.32%/kGy (SFH206K) and 1.4%/kGy (S2506-04). Although the SFH206K device compares favorably with the S2506-04, both diodes can be considered as a low budge alternative, good enough for on-line dosimetry applications in the field of radiation processing.

    Palavras-Chave: cobalt 60; comparative evaluations; dose rates; dosemeters; dosimetry; gamma radiation; performance; photodiodes; sensitivity

  • IPEN-DOC 29684

    SCURO, N.L. ; ANGELO, G.; ANGELO, E.; PIRO, M.H.A.; UMBEHAUN, P.E. ; TORRES, W.M. ; ANDRADE, D.A. . Computational fluid dynamics analysis of an open-pool nuclear research reactor core for fluid flow optimization using a channel box. Nuclear Science and Engineering, v. 197, n. 6, p. 1100-1116, 2023. DOI: 10.1080/00295639.2022.2142437

    Abstract: A channel box installation in the IEA-R1 research reactor core was numerically investigated to increase fluid flow in fuel assemblies (FAs) and side water channels (SWCs) between FAs by minimizing bypasses in specific regions of the reactor core, which is expected to reduce temperatures and oxidation effects in lateral fuel plates (LFPs). To achieve this objective, an isothermal three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model was created using Ansys CFX to analyze fluid flow distribution in the Brazilian IEA-R1 research reactor core. All regions of the core and realistic boundary conditions were considered, and a detailed mesh convergence study is presented. Results comparing both scenarios are presented in the percentage of use of the primary circuit pump. It is indicated that 21.4% of fluid bypass to unnecessary regions can be avoided with the channel box installation, which leads to the total mass flow from the primary circuit for all FAs increasing from 68.9% (without a channel box) to 77.6% (with a channel box). For the SWCs, responsible for cooling LFPs, an increment from 9.7% to 22.4%, avoiding all nondesired cross three-dimensional effects, was observed, resulting in a more homogeneous fluid flow and vertical velocities. It was concluded that the installation of a channel box numerically indicates an expressive mass flow increase and homogeneous fluid flow distribution for flow dynamics in relevant regions. This gives greater confidence to believe that lower temperatures, and consequently oxidation effects in LFPs, can be expected with a channel box installation.

    Palavras-Chave: computer codes; fluid mechanics; reactor cores; distribution; fluid flow

  • IPEN-DOC 28811

    MILAGRE, MARIANA X. ; PEREIRA, MARCO S. ; GOMES, ANTONIO A. ; SCAPIN, MARCOS ; FRANCO, MARGARETH ; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; GENEZINI, FREDERICO ; COSTA, ISOLDA . Corrosion characterization of the 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy in synthetic acid rain using neutron tomography. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, v. 184, p. 1-8, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2022.110197

    Abstract: Neutron tomography has gained increasing importance as an imaging technique for materials characterization. In general, neutron beams are able to show microstructure features of hydrogenous materials, even enfolded with thick metal layers. In the present paper, neutron tomography and observation of cross section images were successfully applied to investigate the corrosion features of the 6061 Al–Mg–Si alloy. The results showed good agreement between neutron 3D tomography and the cross section images obtained in the high attenuation areas of the samples, whereas significant differences in depth of corrosion penetration were obtained between the results from Neutron Tomography and 3D optical profilometry.

    Palavras-Chave: aluminium alloys; corrosion resistance; three-dimensional calculations; stresses; neutrons; tomography

  • IPEN-DOC 29080

    BERBEL, LARISSA O. ; VIVEIROS, BARBARA V.G. de ; MICELLI, ANA L.P. ; NIGRO, FREDERICO ; ROSSI, JESUALDO L. ; COSTA, ISOLDA . Corrosion mechanism of Ti-6Al-4V morse taper dental implants connected to 316 L stainless steel prosthetic abutment. Materials Today Communications, v. 33, p. 1-13, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2022.104583

    Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of galvanic coupling between stainless steel AISI 316 L abutment type Morse taper and implant made of ASTM F1108–14 Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The assembly of the two alloys was carried out using mechanical imbrication by means of successive strikes at 0.05 J force onto the abutment inserted in the implant along the centerline. Corrosion attack at the interface of the alloys was evaluated according to the number of strikes used for joining the parts. Corrosion resistance was evaluated for the samples by open circuit potential measurements as function of time and scanning vibrating electrode technique (SVET) and scanning ion selective electrode technique (SIET) in phosphate buffer solution with pH adjusted to 3.0, and into which hydrogen peroxide was added to simulate tissue inflammatory conditions. Samples were evaluated at the cross and longitudinal sections. Results indicated that the number of strikes used in assembling affected corrosion susceptibility. The lowest amount of corrosion products was associated to the highest number of strikes used. The corrosion resistance was related to the characteristics of the crevice between the implant and the abutment.

    Palavras-Chave: dentistry; implants; titanium alloys; stainless steel-316l; morse potential; corrosion

  • IPEN-DOC 27204

    GONCALVES, JOSEMARY A.C. ; MANGIAROTTI, ALESSIO; BUENO, CARMEN C. . Current response stability of a commercial PIN photodiode for low dose radiation processing applications. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 167, p. 1-4, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.04.026

    Abstract: This work investigates the on-line response of a thin diode, for monitoring low dose radiation processing, with respect to the linearity between current and dose-rate, the most interesting part being the variation of the current sensitivity with the accumulated dose. The results obtained indicate that the current response of this diode is linear and quite stable with repeatability better than 0.2% and a slight decay of 5% of the current sensitivity (0.28 nA h/Gy) for doses up to 15 kGy. In an attempt to give theoretical support to these results, the radiation induced current is calculated as a function of the dose rate assuming the diode to be thin as compared with the standard values of the minority carrier diffusion lengths in intrinsic silicon. Agreement within 2% is found between calculations and experimental data.

    Palavras-Chave: dose rates; radiation doses; low dose irradiation; dosimetry; silicon diodes; thin films; photodiodes; radiation monitoring

  • IPEN-DOC 27919

    SILVA, C.A.J. ; BRAGUIN, L.N.M. ; ROSSI, J.L. ; COSTA, I. ; SAIKI, M. . Determination of chemical elements in magnesium-based materials by neutron activation analysis. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-16, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1584

    Abstract: Over the last decades there was an increasing interest in using magnesium alloys for medical applications due to their biodegradability in the human body, providing a temporary mechanical support and corroding completely after the tissue healing. Although magnesium is a non-toxic element, it is of great importance to evaluate the element concentration, as well as the impurities present in both, pure magnesium and magnesium alloys, as the AZ31. The purpose of this study was to analyze the element composition of these materials using the method of neutron activation analysis (NAA). Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) acquired from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were analyzed for analytical quality control. Short and long term irradiations were carried out at the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor and gamma-ray activities induced to the samples and element standard were measured using HPGe detector coupled to a Digital Spectrum Analyzer. The radioisotopes were identified by gamma ray energies and half-life. Concentrations of the elements As, Cr, Cd, Co, Fe, In, La, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Sb, V, W and Zn were determined in pure magnesium sample and the Al, As, La, Mg, Mn, Na, Sb and Zn in the AZ31 alloy, calculated by comparative method. The SRMs were analyzed by applying the same experimental conditions used for magnesium-based materials and their results presented good accuracy and precision. Thus, from the measurements obtained in this study it can be concluded that NAA is a suitable method for element determinations in magnesium-based materials providing reliable results.

    Palavras-Chave: biological materials; gamma radiation; high-purity ge detectors; impurities; magnesium alloys; quality control

  • IPEN-DOC 29098

    GONCALVES, JOSEMARY A.C. ; MANGIAROTTI, ALESSIO; BUENO, CARMEN C. . Dose rate mapping of an industrial 60Co irradiator using an online photodiode-based dosimetry system. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 200, p. 1-6, 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2022.110387

    Abstract: In this work, a housemade dosimetry system based on a thin photodiode is applied for online mapping of dose rates, between 2.6 and 37.7 Gy/h, delivered by a Panoramic 60Co industrial facility. The operational principle of the dosimeter relies on the real-time acquisition of the induced currents from the irradiated diode operating in the short-circuit mode without externally applied voltage. The radial mapping of the radiation field is performed by rotating the diode around the central axis of the panoramic irradiator, covering 360° at intervals of 18°. The results are benchmarked with alanine dosimeters, Monte Carlo simulations, and reference dose rates retrieved from the facility calibration. The overall consistency of the whole data complies with the maximum response variation (8%, k = 2) recommended by the International Standard Protocols for routine dosimeters in radiation processing dosimetry. It reveals that the photodiode-dosimetry system is a reliable alternative to map dose rate fields and the effectiveness of Monte Carlo simulations as a predictive tool for dose rate measurements in an irradiator.

    Palavras-Chave: dose rates; dosemeters; photodiodes; irradiation; cobalt 60; dosimetry

  • IPEN-DOC 29619

    BORDON, CAMILA D. da S.; DIPOLD, JESSICA ; WETTER, NIKLAUS U. ; ROSSI, WAGNER de ; FREITAS, ANDERSON Z. ; KASSAB, LUCIANA R.P.. Effect of silver nanoparticles on the optical properties of double line waveguides written by fs laser in Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO glasses. Nanomaterials, v. 13, n. 4, p. 1-13, 2023. DOI: 10.3390/nano13040743

    Abstract: Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO glass with silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) are produced with double line waveguides through fs laser processing for photonic applications. A Ti:sapphire fs laser at 800 nm was used to write the waveguides directly into the glass 0.7 mm beneath the surface. This platform is based on pairs of parallel lines with spacing of 10 µm, each pair being formed by two identical written lines but in two different configurations of 4 or 8 separately processed lines, which are coincident. The results of optical microscopy, absorbance measurements, refractive index change, beam quality factor (at 632 and 1064 nm), photoluminescence, propagation losses, and relative gain at 1064 nm are presented. The structural changes in the glass due to the presence of Ag NPs were investigated by Raman spectroscopy. At 632 and 1064 nm, x,y-symmetrical guiding was observed, and for both kinds of overlapping pulses, a refractive index alteration of 10−3 was found in both directions. Photoluminescence growth of ~47% at 1064 nm was observed due to the plasmonic effect of Ag NPs. In dual waveguides containing Ag NPs, the relative gain obtained increased by 40% and 30% for four and eight overlapping lines, respectively, at 600 mW of 808 nm pump power, when compared to waveguides without those metallic NPs. We highlight the resultant positive internal gains of 5.11 and 7.12 dB/cm that showed a growth of ~40% and ~30%, respectively, with respect to the samples without Ag NPs. The increase in photoluminescence and relative gain were related to the local field growth produced by Ag NPs. The present results show that the addition of Ag NPs impacts positively on the optical performance at 1064 nm of double line waveguides processed by fs laser writing in Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO glass, opening news perspectives for photonics.

    Palavras-Chave: lasers; pulses; germanates; waveguides; optical equipment; silver; nanoparticles

  • IPEN-DOC 28769

    TEIXEIRA, LUIZ F.S. ; GIGLIOTTI, RODRIGO; FERREIRA, LUANA da S. ; BELLINI, MARIA H. . Identification of appropriate housekeeping genes for gene expression studies in human renal cell carcinoma under hypoxic conditions. Molecular Biology Reports, v. 49, p. 3885-3891, 2022. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-022-07236-0

    Abstract: Background: Hypoxia pathways are deregulated in clear renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) because of the loss of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor function. Quantitative PCR is a powerful tool for quantifying differential expression between normal and cancer cells. Reliable gene expression analysis requires the use of genes encoding housekeeping genes. Therefore, in this study, eight reference candidate genes were evaluated to determine their stability in 786-0 cells under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Methods and Results: Four different tools were used to rank the most stable genes—geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and Comparative Ct (ΔCt), and a general ranking was performed using RankAggreg. According to the four algorithms, the TFRC reference gene was identified as the most stable. There was no agreement among the results from the algorithms for the 2nd and 3rd positions. A general classification was then established using the RankAggreg tool. Finally, the three most suitable reference genes for use in 786-0 cells under normoxic and hypoxic conditions were TFRC, RPLP0, and SDHA. Conclusions: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to identify reliable genes that can be used for gene expression analysis in ccRCC in a hypoxic environment.

    Palavras-Chave: kidneys; neoplasms; carcinomas; anoxia; genes; standardization

  • IPEN-DOC 28682

    SILVA, FLAVIA R.O. ; LIMA, NELSON B. ; BELLINI, MARIA H. ; TEIXEIRA, LUIZ F.S. ; DU, ERIC Y.; JAMSHIDI, NILOUFAR; GOODING, JUSTIN; MARTIN, ADAM D.; MACMILLAN, ALEXANDER; MARQUIS, CHRISTOPHER P.; THORDARSON, PALL. Lanthanide-based β-tricalcium phosphate upconversion nanoparticles as an effective theranostic nonviral vectors for image-guided gene therapy. Nanotheranostics, v. 6, n. 3, p. 306-321, 2022. DOI: 10.7150/ntno.68789

    Abstract: Lanthanide-based beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) upconversion nanoparticles are exploited as a non-viral vector for imaging guided-gene therapy by virtue of their unique optical properties and multi-modality imaging ability, high transfection efficiency, high biocompatibility, dispersibility, simplicity of synthesis and surface modification. Ytterbium and thulium-doped β-TCP nanoparticles (βTCPYbTm) are synthesized via co-precipitation method, coated with polyethylenimine (PEI) and functionalized with a nuclear-targeting peptide (TAT). Further, in vitro studies revealed that the nanotheranostic carriers are able to transfect cells with the plasmid eGFP at a high efficiency, with approximately 60% of total cells producing the fluorescent green protein. The optimized protocol developed comprises the most efficient βTCPYbTm/PEI configuration, the amount and the order of assembly of βTCPYbTm:PEI, TAT, plasmid DNA and the culturing conditions. With having excellent dispersibility and high chemical affinity toward nucleic acid, calcium ions released from βTCPYbTm:PEI nanoparticles can participate in delivering nucleic acids and other therapeutic molecules, overcoming the nuclear barriers and improving the transfection efficacy. Equally important, the feasibility of the upconversion multifunctional nanovector to serve as an effective contrast agent for imaging modality, capable of converting low-energy light to higher-energy photons via a multi-photons mechanism, endowing greater unique luminescent properties, was successfully demonstrated.

    Palavras-Chave: gene therapy; polyethylenes; nanoparticles; calcium phosphates

  • IPEN-DOC 29041

    BURIMOVA, ANASTASIA ; CARBONARI, ARTUR W. ; LIMA, NICOLE P. de ; MIRANDA FILHO, ARNALDO A. ; SOUZA, ALEXANDRE P. dos S. ; SALES, TATIANE da S.N. ; FERREIRA, WANDERSON L. ; PEREIRA, LUCIANO F.D. ; CORREA, BRUNO S. ; SAXENA, RAJENDRA N. . Local crystalline structure of doped semiconductor oxides characterized by perturbed angular correlations: experimental and theoretical insights. Crystals, v. 12, n. 9, p. 1-15, 2022. DOI: 10.3390/cryst12091204

    Abstract: Doping semiconductor oxides with trace amounts of non-native elements can improve their properties such as bandgap and conductivity. The lack of local techniques makes the precise characterization of these materials difficult. Among the few techniques capable of providing local characterization, those based on hyperfine interactions at probe nuclei have the advantage of being well established, probing the material homogeneously and completely, thus investigating different regions of material. Some of these techniques are also quite sensitive even at extremely low dopant concentrations. The perturbed angular correlation technique, combined with first-principles calculations, has recently been shown to be a powerful method for characterizing doped semiconductor oxides. In this paper, we present a brief review of the unique information extracted from the semiconductor investigation with such a complex approach, including semiconductor oxides doped with cadmium and other elements. A strong relationship between the local environment, including electronic structure, and the nature of the dopant and the native element of the doped oxides is also shown.

    Palavras-Chave: crystal doping; semiconductor materials; oxides; hyperfine structure; interactions; perturbed angular correlation

  • IPEN-DOC 29134

    PASCOALINO, K. ; CAMARGO, F. ; GONCALVES, J.A.C. ; BUENO, C.C. . Measurement of the insensitive surface layer thickness of a PIN photodiode based on alpha-particle spectrometry. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 10, n. 3B, p. 1-9, 2022. DOI: 10.15392/2319-0612.2022.1789

    Abstract: In this work, the insensitive layer thickness of a PIN photodiode (SFH206K - Osram) has been measured by varying the incident angle of a collimated monoenergetic alpha particle beam. This technique is based on variations in the path lengths of alpha particles through the insensitive layer and the correspondent energy losses when they impinge on a diode surface at different angles. Therefore, the pulse heights of these alpha particles, closely related to the energies deposited in the active volume of the diode, also depend on their incident angle. So, the difference between the pulse height of alpha particles perpendicularly incident on the diode surface and at any incident angle enables the insensitive layer thickness to be assessed. The result obtained (711  23) nm, less than 1% of the intrinsic layer thickness, besides validating the employed method, demonstrates that the investigated diode is suitable for high resolution charged particle spectrometry.

  • IPEN-DOC 27867

    BRAGUIN, L.N.M. ; SILVA, C.A.J. ; COSTA, I. ; SAIKI, M. . Neutron activation analysis of austenitic stainless steel used as biomaterial. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-16, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1337

    Abstract: Austenitic stainless steel alloys, mainly those produced according to ISO 5832-1, have received much attention due to their promising characteristics to be used as biomaterials. The aim of this study was to establish the proper conditions of neutron activation analysis (NAA) in order to determine chemical elements in a sample of ISO 5832-1 stainless steel. These determinations are of great interest for further evaluation of its corrosion resistance and of cytotoxicity of corrosion products. For the analyses, chips of ISO 5832-1 austenitic stainless steel were obtained. Aliquots of this material were weighed in polyethylene involucres and irradiated together with synthetic element standards at the IEA-R1 nuclear research reactor. Short and long irradiations were carried out using thermal neutron flux of about 4.5 x 1012 n cm-2 s-1. Quality control of the results was performed by analyzing two certified reference materials (CRMs). The elements concentrations of Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo and Ni obtained in the ISO 5832-1 austenitic alloy are within the specification values of this material. Besides, the elements As, Co, V and W were determined in this alloy. The sensitivity of the technique was verified by the determination of detection and quantification limits. In the case of CRMs, their results presented precision and accuracy for most of elements with relative standard deviations and relative errors lower than 15 %. Results obtained in this study demonstrated the viability of applying NAA in the analysis of the ISO 5832-1 stainless steel alloy.

    Palavras-Chave: austenitic steels; biological materials; elements; iear-1 reactor; irradiation; neutron activation analysis; quality control; stainless steels; thermal neutrons

  • IPEN-DOC 28666

    BUENO, C.C. ; CAMARGO, F. ; GONCALVES, J.A.C. ; PASCOALINO, K. ; MANGIAROTTI, A.; TUOMINEN, E.; HARKONEN, J.. Performance characterization of dosimeters based on radiation-hard silicon diodes in gamma radiation processing. Frontiers in Sensors, v. 3, p. 1-11, 2022. DOI: 10.3389/fsens.2022.770482

    Abstract: The dosimetric response of silicon diodes produced with distinct engineering technologies, Magnetic Czochralski (MCz), and standard Float Zone (Fz), has been investigated, aiming at their use for online dosimeters in gamma radiation processing applications. The p+-n-n+ junction diodes, 300 µm thick with an active area of 25 mm2, are operated as online radiation dosimeters in the short-circuit current mode. In this case, the key dosimetric quantity is the dose rate, which is correlated with the output current from the diode subjected to radiation. Thus, the dose is obtained offline by the integration of the corresponding current signal. The irradiations are performed with an industrial Gammacell 60Co facility at 2.3–2.44 kGy/h covering doses up to 275 kGy. Under continuous irradiation, both diodes delivered current signals whose intensities decreased with accumulated doses. Mitigation of this decay has been accomplished by pre-irradiating the devices to 700 kGy. Polynomial functions best represent the dose responses for either pristine or preirradiated diodes. The relevant dosimetric parameters as response stability, charge sensitivity, and repeatability of current signals (<5%) reveal the better performance of the MCz diode. It is important to note that the whole dataset fully complies with the international standard protocols for routine dosimeters in radiation processing dosimetry. Regarding radiation damage, which in unbiased diodes manifests primarily in the decay of current sensitivity, the results also showed greater tolerance of the MCz diode. Based on these studies, large availability, and better cost-effectiveness, it is possible to endorse the potential use of MCz devices as online routine dosimeters in radiation processing applications. However, the data reproducibility with the accumulated dose, the dose lifespan, and the effect of the irradiation conditions (e.g., temperature, relative humidity, and dose fractionating) remain to be investigated. Works in this direction are currently in progress.

    Palavras-Chave: silicon diodes; radiations; processing; czochralski method; gamma dosimetry

  • IPEN-DOC 27769

    SUZUKI, MIRIAM F. ; ALMEIDA, LARISSA A. ; POMIN, STEPHANIE A. ; SILVA, FELIPE D. ; FREIRE, RENAN P. ; OLIVEIRA, JOAO E. ; AFFONSO, REGINA ; SOARES, CARLOS R.J. ; BARTOLINI, PAOLO . Periplasmic synthesis and purification of the human prolactin antagonist Δ1‑11‑G129R‑hPRL. AMB Express, v. 11, n. 1, p. 1-12, 2021. DOI: 10.1186/s13568-021-01209-5

    Abstract: The human prolactin antagonist Δ1-11-G129R-hPRL is a 21.9 kDa recombinant protein with 188 amino acids that downregulates the proliferation of a variety of cells expressing prolactin receptors. Periplasmic expression of recombinant proteins in E. coli has been considered an option for obtaining a soluble and correctly folded protein, as an alternative to cytoplasmic production. The aim of this work was, therefore, to synthesize for the first time, the Δ1-11-G129R-hPRL antagonist, testing different activation temperatures and purifying it by classical chromatographic techniques. E. coli BL21(DE3) strain was transformed with a plasmid based on the pET25b( +) vector, DsbA signal sequence and the antagonist cDNA sequence. Different doses of IPTG were added, activating under different temperatures, and extracting the periplasmic fluid via osmotic shock. The best conditions were achieved by activating at 35 °C for 5 h using 0.4 mM IPTG, which gave a specific expression of 0.157 ± 0.015 μg/mL/A600 at a final optical density of 3.43 ± 0.13 A600. Purification was carried out by nickel-affinity chromatography followed by size-exclusion chromatography, quantification being performed via high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). The prolactin antagonist was characterized by SDS-PAGE, Western blotting, reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and MALDI-TOF–MS. The final product presented > 95% purity and its antagonistic effects were evaluated in vitro in view of potential clinical applications, including inhibition of the proliferation of cancer cells overexpressing the prolactin receptor and specific antidiabetic properties, taking also advantage of the fact that this antagonist was obtained in a soluble and correctly folded form and without an initial methionine.

    Palavras-Chave: lth; peptides; chromatography; neoplasms; purification; mass spectra; bioassay; plasma

  • IPEN-DOC 27413

    SILVA, PAULA M. da ; SERNA, MARILENE M. ; GALEGO, EGUIBERTO ; FARIA, RUBENS N. . Study of supercapacitors for use in dye sensitized solar cells. Materials Science Forum, v. 1012, p. 114-118, 2020. DOI: 10.4028/

    Abstract: The storage of energy generated by photovoltaic system is one problem of it. In this aspect, integrated energy conversion and storage systems, IECSS, using supercapacitors are presented as a solution. Dye sensitized solar cell becomes a main candidate for use in IECSS due its variety of applications. Recent studies shown that zinc oxide (ZnO) is a natural candidate for use in solar cells and supercapacitor due to its high energy density of the order 650 A g-1. The aims of this paper were: i) the study of the influence of the morfology of nanostructured ZnO nanoparticles obtained by the hydrothermal method using distincts complexing agents: etylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); hexamethyltetramine (HMT) and diaminometanal (urea), besides commercial ZnO; ii) study of the ZnO and activated carbon at ratio X:Y of 10:90, 20:80 and 30:70 in proportion of mass (%) in the preparation of electrodes. The commercial ZnO, which presents particles with spherical and porous morphology, presented the best capacitance result 8.38 Fg-1 at 10:90 ratio, that demonstrates the ZnO is an excellent candidate for material for supercapacitor coupled with dye solar cell.

    Palavras-Chave: capacitive energy storage equipment; capacitors; energy storage; zinc oxides; solar cells; sensitizers; electrodes; hydrothermal systems

  • IPEN-DOC 28693

    SOUZA, CARLA D. de ; BARBEZAN, ANGELICA B. ; ROSERO, WILMMER A.A. ; SANTOS, SOFIA N. dos ; CARVALHO, DIEGO V. de S. ; ZEITUNI, CARLOS A. ; BERNARDES, EMERSON S. ; VIEIRA, DANIEL P. ; SPENCER, PATRICK J. ; RIBEIRO, MARTHA S. ; ROSTELATO, MARIA E.C.M. . Synthesis, in vitro testing, and biodistribution of surfactant-free radioactive nanoparticles for cancer treatment. Nanomaterials, v. 12, n. 2, p. 1-13, 2022. DOI: 10.3390/nano12020187

    Abstract: New forms of cancer treatment, which are effective, have simple manufacturing processes, and easily transportable, are of the utmost necessity. In this work, a methodology for the synthesis of radioactive Gold-198 nanoparticles without the use of surfactants was described. The nuclear activated Gold-198 foils were transformed into H198AuCl4 by dissolution using aqua regia, following a set of steps in a specially designed leak-tight setup. Gold-198 nanoparticles were synthesized using a citrate reduction stabilized with PEG. In addition, TEM results for the non-radioactive product presented an average size of 11.0 nm. The DLS and results for the radioactive 198AuNPs presented an average size of 8.7 nm. Moreover, the DLS results for the PEG-198AuNPs presented a 32.6 nm average size. Cell line tests showed no cytotoxic effect in any period and the concentrations were evaluated. Furthermore, in vivo testing showed a high biological uptake in the tumor and a cancer growth arrest.

    Palavras-Chave: radioactivity; nanoparticles; brachytherapy; neoplasms; testing; in vivo; in vitro; gold 198; distribution

  • IPEN-DOC 27732

    GONCALVES, JOSEMARY A.C. ; MANGIAROTTI, ALESSIO; ASFORA, VIVIANE K.; KHOURY, HELEN J.; BUENO, CARMEN C. . The response of low-cost photodiodes for dosimetry in electron beam processing. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, v. 181, p. 1-8, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.109335

    Abstract: The response of thin diodes (SFH206k) as dosimeters has been investigated employing the beam of an electron accelerator within the dose rate range of 2–8 kGy/s and accumulated doses up to 100 kGy. These devices, operating in the short-circuit mode and under industrial irradiation conditions, deliver current signals nonlinearly dependent on the dose rate, whichever the dose history of the diodes, due to the high density of the generated electron-hole pairs herein achieved. Despite this nonlinearity, the dose rate response is stable and characterized by current signals with repeatability better than 2.0%, regardless of the accumulated dose. It is also found that the dose responses are quite linear with sensitivities slightly dependent on the accumulated dose at a constant dose rate. The decrease in the charge sensitivity, taking as reference that obtained before any radiation damage, reaches only 9% (k = 2) at 100 kGy, which is much smaller than the values reported in the literature. From this low aging and the repeatability of both dose rate and dose responses, it seems that the photodiode under investigation is a low budget alternative, good enough for routine dosimetry, provided it has been previously calibrated in the same processing facility.

    Palavras-Chave: photodiodes; dosimetry; electron beams; dosemeters; electron dosimetry; si semiconductor detectors; dose rates

A pesquisa no RD utiliza os recursos de busca da maioria das bases de dados. No entanto algumas dicas podem auxiliar para obter um resultado mais pertinente.

É possível efetuar a busca de um autor ou um termo em todo o RD, por meio do Buscar no Repositório , isto é, o termo solicitado será localizado em qualquer campo do RD. No entanto esse tipo de pesquisa não é recomendada a não ser que se deseje um resultado amplo e generalizado.

A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.


Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, .

Ao efetuar a busca por um autor o RD apresentará uma relação de todos os trabalhos depositados no RD. No lado direito da tela são apresentados os coautores com o número de trabalhos produzidos em conjunto bem como os assuntos abordados e os respectivos anos de publicação agrupados.

O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).



O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.

2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.

O Repositório Digital do IPEN é um equipamento institucional de acesso aberto, criado com o objetivo de reunir, preservar, disponibilizar e conferir maior visibilidade à Produção Científica publicada pelo Instituto, desde sua criação em 1956.

Operando, inicialmente como uma base de dados referencial o Repositório foi disponibilizado na atual plataforma, em junho de 2015. No Repositório está disponível o acesso ao conteúdo digital de artigos de periódicos, eventos, nacionais e internacionais, livros, capítulos, dissertações, teses e relatórios técnicos.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.