Navegação Eventos - Artigos por autor "10130"

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  • IPEN-DOC 23677

    CARNEIRO, J.C.G.G. ; ALVES, A.S. ; SANCHES, M.P. ; RODRIGUES, D.L. ; LEVY, D.S. ; SORDI, G.M.A.A. . Basic characterization of a radioactive facility and evaluation of risk agents. In: CLEMENT, CHRISTOPHER (Ed.); VALENTIN, JACK (Ed.); OGINO, HARUYUKI (Ed.); FOOTE, DEVON (Ed.); REYJAL, JULIE (Ed.); OMAR-NAZIR, LAILA (Ed.) INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, 14th, May 9-13, 2016, Cape Town, South Africa. Proceedings... The International Radiation Protection Association, 2016. p. 892-899.

    Abstract: This is an exploratory and descriptive study with qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigate the basic characterization of a Brazilian radioisotope production facility through ample knowledge of the workplace, workforce, task performed and identification of present risk agents in labor environment. The studied sample was composed by 102 workers distributed in eight work processes. Data were collected from April 2013 to July 2014 by applying questionnaire forms and complemented by interviews and observations. The descriptive statistical analysis included ANOVA test and non-parametric tests, among others. For the purpose of this study, there was adopted a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). The analysis of socio-demographic variables demonstrated that male gender predominated in total sample (74.5%) and the mean age of the workers was (51.8 ± 1.7) years. The largest percentage of the responders (70.6%) was technician-level workers. Regarding task-related exposure, there was considered that all groups presented the same exposure profile. At the workplace, there were identified 17 risk agents, including physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and accident risks. The workforce was categorized into 3 risk groups according to relative frequency distribution of the occupational risks. Among the sixteen qualitative variables studied at the workplace, only three of them did not demonstrate relative frequency. The only variable that showed association with the three risk groups was the possibility of the contact with ionizing radiation. The study provided an overview of the perception of occupational risk at the facility. According to the results obtained by statistical analysis, most of the qualitative variables presented statistically significant association (p<0.001) related to the occurrence of occupational risks. Even though the workers may be potentially exposed to different risk agents, the ionizing radiation was the main physical risk factor observed in this facility.

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  • IPEN-DOC 26945

    LEVY, D. ; SORDI, G.M.A.A. ; VILLAVICENCIO, A.L.C.H. . Divulgación científica: un desafío y una necesidad para aproximar ciencia y sociedad. In: SIMPOSIO INTERNACIONAL SOBRE EDUCACION, CAPACITACION, EXTENSION Y GESTION DEL CONOCIMIENTO EN TECNOLOGIA NUCLEAR, 2., 13-17 de novembro, 2017, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Anais... 2017.

    Abstract: La Irradiación de alimentos trae grandes contribuciones a la seguridad alimentaria, además de los impactos en las esferas social y económica del país. En Brasil, sin embargo, aún es grande el desconocimiento: miedos y preconceptos infundados tiemblan la confianza del consumidor. Investigadores del IPEN emprendieron una investigación ante el público en general. Los mayores ejemplos de aplicaciones de la tecnología nuclear parecen ser, en el imaginario popular, armas de destrucción masiva y accidentes nucleares. Entre las mayores preocupaciones de los entrevistados, están la cuestión de la seguridad en relación a la salud, exposición a la radiación y contaminación del medio ambiente. En 2016 se inició una acción para la divulgación científica a gran escala. En la llamada Sociedad de la Información, la acción se centra en el desarrollo de cursos virtuales destinados al público en general. El proceso involucró una amplia investigación sobre las posibilidades de acceso a Internet en los domicilios brasileños y perspectivas futuras. Los cursos tienen como objetivo llevar al conocimiento del público cuestiones pertinentes a la irradiación de alimentos de la agricultura a la mesa del consumidor, entre las cuales, un mini curso completamente destinado a la comunicación de la protección radiológica, una vez que la investigación apunta entre las mayores preocupaciones de la población la Seguridad, contaminación y efectos maléficos de la radiación. Esta acción pretende proporcionar al público en general material confiable y de fácil comprensión para la diseminación del conocimiento en los más diversos sectores de la sociedad. La alimentación es una de las grandes cuestiones brasileñas y la irradiación de alimentos es una técnica segura y confiable para responder a esta demanda. Los consumidores hacen juicios intuitivos según su percepción de riesgo y el desconocimiento conduce a miedos infundados y conclusiones equivocadas. Se espera con esta iniciativa acercar la sociedad y la comunidad científica. Una acción ciudadana para promover la conciencia crítica llevando al ciudadano a cuestionar la realidad, interpretar las informaciones de la mídia y construir opiniones científicamente fundamentadas.

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  • IPEN-DOC 23678

    LEVY, DENISE S. ; SORDI, GIAN M.A.A. ; RODRIGUES, DEMERVAL L. ; CARNEIRO, JANETE C.G. . Enhancing communication on Radiological Protection throughout Brazil. In: CLEMENT, CHRISTOPHER (Ed.); VALENTIN, JACK (Ed.); OGINO, HARUYUKI (Ed.); FOOTE, DEVON (Ed.); REYJAL, JULIE (Ed.); OMAR-NAZIR, LAILA (Ed.) INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION ASSOCIATION, 14th, May 9-13, 2016, Cape Town, South Africa. Proceedings... The International Radiation Protection Association, 2016. p. 284-290.

    Abstract: This paper focus on the potential value of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to enhance communication on Radiological Protection throughout Brazil. The servers processing power added to the technology of relational databases allow to integrate information from different sources, enabling complex queries with reduced response time. It is our objective to provide radioactive facilities a complete repository for research, consultation and information on radiological protection in an integrated and efficient way. This webbased project works informatization of Radiological Protection Programs according to the positive tree published by AIEA in its Safety Series No. 102, the most generic and complete tree for an appropriate and effective radiation protection program. Up to this moment, the website counts on concepts, definitions and theory about optimization and monitoring procedures, interrelating information, currently scattered in various publications, in order to meet both Brazilian and international recommendations. The project involves not only the collection and interrelationship of existing information in the several publications, but also new approaches from some recommendations, such as potential exposures. Only few publications develop expressively the issue and, even though they provide fundamental theory, there is still lack of knowledge of failure probabilities, which currently constitutes a broad research field in radiological protection. This research proposes the development of fault trees and the analysis of different scenarios, suggesting paths to quantify probabilistically the occurrence of potential exposures, as well as probabilities to reach a certain level of dose. It is our target to complete the system in a near future, including other relevant issues, such as safe transport of radioactive materials, emergency response, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, among others. We believe the use of information technology for the radiological protection programs shall contribute greatly to provide information to Brazilian radioactive facilities throughout the country, spreading information to as many people as possible, minimizing geographic distances and stimulating communication and development.

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  • IPEN-DOC 26252

    LEVY, DENISE S. ; VILLAVICENCIO, ANNA L.C.H. . Food irradiation: communication strategies to bridge the gap between scientists and the public. In: INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR ATLANTIC CONFERENCE, October 21-25, 2019, Santos, SP. Proceedings... Rio de Janeiro: Associação Brasileira de Energia Nuclear, 2019. p. 2046-2055.

    Abstract: Brazil is a major food producer and food exporter. Still, a large part of the Brazilian population faces hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. From agriculture to the consumer's table, a significant part of the production is lost during post-harvest, transport, storage and commerce, due to the deterioration of food products. These are some of the main Brazilian issues and nuclear techniques present alternatives to this demand. Nevertheless, Brazilian consumers fear ionizing radiation and misunderstand its real benefits. Consumers do not know the difference between irradiated food and radioactive food and the public has major concerns about the negative health effects and environmental contamination. This article brings the authors' experience on science communication about Food Irradiation to teach fundamental concepts and answer to the most Frequently Asked Questions about processes, safety, advantages, limitations, possibilities, impacts on human health and impacts on the environment. The content includes global aspects of food irradiation, laws and regulations, nuclear techniques in agriculture and the potential value of nuclear technology to contribute to national economy and public health. This paper describes the different tools used for outreach different audiences, to assist other experts on planning strategies to communicate nuclear science. Food irradiation improves the quality of daily life, but it is not enough to have innovation and technology if there is no information. Scientific community is expected to communicate science outside academia, informing the public and qualifying opinion-makers. It is a must to educate future problem solvers and actual decision-makers, including producers, industry, commerce and consumers.

    Palavras-Chave: communications; education; educational tools; food processing; nuclear energy; public information

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  • IPEN-DOC 27009

    SANTOS, I.P. ; LEVY, D.S. . Produção de energia elétrica a partir de fontes nucleares: uma abordagem para estudantes do ensino médio. In: SIMPOSIO INTERNACIONAL SOBRE EDUCACIÓN, CAPACITACIÓN Y GESTIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO EN ENERGÍA NUCLEAR Y SUS APLICACIONES, November 22-26, 2015, Cusco, Peru. Proceedings... 2015.

    Abstract: This study reports a pedagogical experiment in high school classes, in a private school in São Paulo. The purpose of this experiment was to put students in touch with topics related to electric power generation from radioactive sources This project was developed with emphasis on the content available in an educational online portal, the site www.radioatividades.com.br. The site has been created in order to disseminate knowledge to children, adolescents, parents and teachers about the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The portal content is free to access and use for educational purposes. The project had three stages: initial dynamics on the subject with students, working with research groups, conducting short courses in the portal "radioatividades" and a final evaluation, which consisted in seminars prepared by students themselves. The first stage aimed to verify the previous knowledge that students had on nuclear energy, raising common prejudices that usually appear. The second phase of the project aimed to demystify some concepts, such as the insecurity linked to the use of atomic energy. For this research there were used reliable sources, as the site of the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), Institute of Radiation Protection and Dosimetry (IRD) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as well as short courses offered by the portal "Radioatividades". To finish the project, the students formed groups and presented seminars for their classmates, with split topics, illustrative slides and post presentation time to answer questions. There were highly satisfactory results at the end of the project, performances with good theoretical foundation and valuable clarifications on nuclear energy.

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  • IPEN-DOC 26903

    LEVY, D.S. ; RAMOS, F.C. ; SORDI, G.M.A.A. . The impact of wrong mass media communication on citizens' perception of radiation risks. In: CONGRESO REGIONAL DE SEGURIDAD RADIÓLOGICA Y NUCLEAR, 11th, April 16-20, 2018, La Habana, Cuba. Proceedings... 2018.

    Abstract: In Knowledge Society, Internet and mass media contribute to build an inclusive informed society, providing information about all fields of knowledge. Nevertheless, nuclear sciences remain a mystery for a great fraction of the Brazilian population. Controversies on the biological effects of radiation distort and confuse public's perceptions of radiation risks and benefits. Internet reports that the exposure to indoor radon is a risk factor for lung cancer. Internet reports that the radioactive monazitic sand brings health benefits. It is not easy for the general public to understand contradictions and to identify reliable sources. Scientific community is expected to communicate about the impacts of ionizing radiation in daily life. Nevertheless, the public does not read highly specialized papers. There seem to be a gap between society and the scientific community. On the other hand, anti-nuclear information seems to be easily understood. This paper discusses wrong mass media information delivered all over the country, for kids and adults, in very simple language, through cartoons, comics books, newspapers and educational sites, among others. The article brings examples of newspapers errors due to misinformation, anti-nuclear didactic material plenty of omissions and wrong information delivered to children. People fear what they do not understand. People fear the harmful effects of ionizing radiation to human health and the environment. Risk perception and risk acceptance are a matter of education and properly communication. It is a must to invest in properly scientific divulgation about the risks and benefits of nuclear sciences that impact in citizens´ everyday life, such as medical applications, industrial applications and nuclear power generation.

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A pesquisa no RD utiliza os recursos de busca da maioria das bases de dados. No entanto algumas dicas podem auxiliar para obter um resultado mais pertinente.

É possível efetuar a busca de um autor ou um termo em todo o RD, por meio do Buscar no Repositório , isto é, o termo solicitado será localizado em qualquer campo do RD. No entanto esse tipo de pesquisa não é recomendada a não ser que se deseje um resultado amplo e generalizado.

A pesquisa apresentará melhor resultado selecionando um dos filtros disponíveis em Navegar

Os filtros disponíveis em Navegar tais como: Coleções, Ano de publicação, Títulos, Assuntos, Autores, Revista, Tipo de publicação são autoexplicativos. O filtro, Autores IPEN apresenta uma relação com os autores vinculados ao IPEN; o ID Autor IPEN diz respeito ao número único de identificação de cada autor constante no RD e sob o qual estão agrupados todos os seus trabalhos independente das variáveis do seu nome; Tipo de acesso diz respeito à acessibilidade do documento, isto é , sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, ID RT apresenta a relação dos relatórios técnicos, restritos para consulta das comunidades indicadas.

A opção Busca avançada utiliza os conectores da lógica boleana, é o melhor recurso para combinar chaves de busca e obter documentos relevantes à sua pesquisa, utilize os filtros apresentados na caixa de seleção para refinar o resultado de busca. Pode-se adicionar vários filtros a uma mesma busca.

Exemplo:

Buscar os artigos apresentados em um evento internacional de 2015, sobre loss of coolant, do autor Maprelian.

Autor: Maprelian

Título: loss of coolant

Tipo de publicação: Texto completo de evento

Ano de publicação: 2015

Para indexação dos documentos é utilizado o Thesaurus do INIS, especializado na área nuclear e utilizado em todos os países membros da International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA , por esse motivo, utilize os termos de busca de assunto em inglês; isto não exclui a busca livre por palavras, apenas o resultado pode não ser tão relevante ou pertinente.

95% do RD apresenta o texto completo do documento com livre acesso, para aqueles que apresentam o significa que e o documento está sujeito as leis de direitos autorais, solicita-se nesses casos contatar a Biblioteca do IPEN, bibl@ipen.br .

Ao efetuar a busca por um autor o RD apresentará uma relação de todos os trabalhos depositados no RD. No lado direito da tela são apresentados os coautores com o número de trabalhos produzidos em conjunto bem como os assuntos abordados e os respectivos anos de publicação agrupados.

O RD disponibiliza um quadro estatístico de produtividade, onde é possível visualizar o número dos trabalhos agrupados por tipo de coleção, a medida que estão sendo depositados no RD.

Na página inicial nas referências são sinalizados todos os autores IPEN, ao clicar nesse símbolo será aberta uma nova página correspondente à aquele autor – trata-se da página do pesquisador.

Na página do pesquisador, é possível verificar, as variações do nome, a relação de todos os trabalhos com texto completo bem como um quadro resumo numérico; há links para o Currículo Lattes e o Google Acadêmico ( quando esse for informado).

ATENÇÃO!

ESTE TEXTO "AJUDA" ESTÁ SUJEITO A ATUALIZAÇÕES CONSTANTES, A MEDIDA QUE NOVAS FUNCIONALIDADES E RECURSOS DE BUSCA FOREM SENDO DESENVOLVIDOS PELAS EQUIPES DA BIBLIOTECA E DA INFORMÁTICA.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.


2. A experiência do Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP) na criação de um Repositório Digital Institucional – RDI, clique aqui.