PATRICK JACK SPENCER

Resumo

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas pela Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie (1991), mestrado em Tecnologia Nuclear pela Universidade de São Paulo (1995) e doutorado em Tecnologia Nuclear pela Universidade de São Paulo (2000) tendo sido bolsista sandwich no US Army Medical Research Institute for Infeccious Diseases (98-99). É responsável pelo Biotério de criação e manutenção de animais de laboratório do IPEN. Tem experiência na área de Bioquímica, com ênfase em Proteínas, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: veneno, proteínas, bothrops, irradiação e miotoxina.(Texto extraído do Currículo Lattes em 22 dez. 2021)

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Agora exibindo 1 - 3 de 3
  • Artigo IPEN-doc 27822
    Characterization and evaluation of the enzymatic activity of tetanus toxin submitted to cobalt-60 gamma radiation
    2021 - SARTORI, GISELLE P.; COSTA, ANDREA da; MACARINI, FERNANDO L. dos S.; MARIANO, DOUGLAS O.C.; PIMENTA, DANIEL C.; SPENCER, PATRICK J.; NALI, LUIZ H. da S.; GALISTEO JUNIOR, ANDRES J.
    Background Tetanus toxin blocks the release of the inhibitory neurotransmitters in the central nervous system and causes tetanus and its main form of prevention is through vaccination. The vaccine is produced by inactivation of tetanus toxin with formaldehyde, which may cause side effects. An alternative way is the use of ionizing radiation for inactivation of the toxin and also to improve the potential immunogenic response and to reduce the post-vaccination side effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize the tetanus toxin structure after different doses of ionizing radiation of 60Co. Methods Irradiated and native tetanus toxin was characterized by SDS PAGE in reducing and non-reducing conditions and MALD-TOF. Enzymatic activity was measured by FRET substrate. Also, antigenic properties were assessed by ELISA and Western Blot data. Results Characterization analysis revealed gradual modification on the tetanus toxin structure according to doses increase. Also, fragmentation and possible aggregations of the protein fragments were observed in higher doses. In the analysis of peptide preservation by enzymatic digestion and mass spectrometry, there was a slight modification in the identification up to the dose of 4 kGy. At subsequent doses, peptide identification was minimal. The analysis of the enzymatic activity by fluorescence showed 35 % attenuation in the activity even at higher doses. In the antigenic evaluation, anti-tetanus toxin antibodies were detected against the irradiated toxins at the different doses, with a gradual decrease as the dose increased, but remaining at satisfactory levels. Conclusion Ionizing radiation promoted structural changes in the tetanus toxin such as fragmentation and/or aggregation and attenuation of enzymatic activity as the dose increased, but antigenic recognition of the toxin remained at good levels indicating its possible use as an immunogen. However, studies of enzymatic activity of tetanus toxin irradiated with doses above 8 kGy should be further analyzed.
  • Artigo IPEN-doc 21327
    Venomics of the Australian eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis): Detection of new venom proteins and splicing variants
    2015 - VIALA, VINCENT L.; HILDEBRAND, DIANA; TRUSCH, MARIA; FUCASE, TAMARA M.; SCIANI, JULIANA M.; PIMENTA, DANIEL C.; ARNI, RAGHUVIR K.; SCHLUTER, HARTMUT; BETZEL, CHRISTIAN; MIRTSCHIM, PETER; DUNSTAN, NATHAN; SPENCER, PATRICK J.
  • Artigo IPEN-doc 21288
    Proteomic analysis of the rare Uracoan rattlesnake Crotalus vegrandis venom: Evidence of a broad arsenal of toxins
    2015 - VIALA, VINCENT L.; HILDEBRAND, DIANA; FUCASE, TAMARA M.; SCIANI, JULIANA M.; PREZOTTO NETO, JOSE P.; RIEDNER, MARIA; SANCHES, LEONARDO; NISHIMURA, PAULA J.; OGUIURA, NANCY; PIMENTA, DANIEL C.; SCHLUTER, HARTMUT; BETZEL, CHRISTIAN; ARNI, RAGHUVIR K.; SPENCER, PATRICK J.